History as They Lived It: A Social History of Prairie du Rocher, Ill.

History as They Lived It: A Social History of Prairie du Rocher, Ill.

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Overview

History as They Lived It: A Social History of Prairie du Rocher, Ill. by Margaret Kimball Brown

“His­tory as They Lived It deserves to be placed within the rich context of Illinois Country historiography going back more than a century. . . . It brings together the fully ripened thoughts of a mature scholar at the very moment that students of the Illinois Country need such a book.”—from the foreword by Carl J. Ekberg

Settled in 1722, Prairie du Rocher was at the geographic center of a French colony in the Mississippi Valley, which also included other villages in what is now Illinois and Missouri: Cahokia, Kaskaskia, Fort de Chartres, St. Philippe, Ste. Genevieve, and St. Louis.  Located in an alluvial valley near towering limestone bluffs, which inspired the village’s name—French for “prairie of the rock”— Prairie du Rocher is the only one of the seven French colonial villages that still exists today as a small compact community.

The village of Prairie du Rocher endured governance by France, Great Britain, Virginia, and the Illinois territory before Illinois became a state in 1818. Despite these changes, the villagers persisted in maintaining the community and its values. Margaret Kimball Brown looks at one of the oldest towns in the region through the lenses of history and anthropology, utilizing extensive research in archives and public records to give historians, anthropologists, and general readers a lively depiction of this small community and its people.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780809333400
Publisher: Southern Illinois University Press
Publication date: 07/17/2013
Edition description: Reissue
Pages: 376
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Lists of Tables, Figures, and Maps ix

Foreword xi

Acknowledgments xvii

Introduction xix

Chapter 1 The French Regime: The Beginnings 1

Census 1723, 1725

The Canadians

Emigrants from France

Military and Government Officials

Other Settlers

Chapter 2 Governance in the Illinois 34

Marriage Contracts

Litigation

The Black Code

Local Government

The Fox Wars

Fort de Chartres

Chapter 3 Land, Life, and Labor 65

Land Grants

Common and Commonfield

The Villages

Economic Life

Colonial Society

Status of Women

Inventories

The Church

Chapter 4 Prairie du Rocher Under the French Regime 114

Land Grants in Prairie du Rocher

Other Settlers

Life in the 1740s

Government and the Church

War, Indians, and Population

Fort de Chartres

French and Indian War

Chapter 5 Under Three Flags 151

British Rule

Virginian Control

American Territory

Life at the End of the Eighteenth Century

Chapter 6 Old and New 196

Old Northwest Territory

Land Titles

After Statehood

Slave and Free

Culture and Customs

Status of Women

News and Views

Chapter 7 Becoming American 233

Population

Common and Commonfields

Church and Education

Black Citizens

Village Life

Chapter 8 On Into a New Century 261

Economy and Government

The Common

Language and Traditions

Black Citizens

Fort de Chartres

Post World War II

To the End of the Century

Chapter 9 Present and Future 299

Appendix 315

Census Data

Glossary 320

References 322

Index 341

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