Economic thinking has a long history. References to economic ideas and practices are found in the Vedas, the Bible, and the Koran. Well known Greek philosophers authored works on socio-economic problems. In 17th- and early 18th-century Europe, mercantilism - a pre-classical school of thought - flourished. Later, economic laws were created that governed production, exchange, and distribution under capitalism. Exploitation under capitalism led to the revolutionary writings of Karl Marx, which influenced thinking of the contemporary world. From the chaos of the Depression of the early 1930s, ideas developed which are relevant to this day. This comprehensive book examines the history of economic thought, with contents that include: Nature and Importance of Economic Laws . Economic Thought: Basic Concepts . Dialectical and Historical Materialism . Theories of Value and Distribution . Price Determination under Capitalism . Size of the Capitalist Market . Imperialism and Neo-colonialism . Classes and Class Struggle . Economic Role of the State . Classical Theory of Development . Marxian Theory of Development . Neo-classical Theory of Development . Gender Inequality in Historical Perspective . Socialism: A Post-capitalist Society.