This volume includes recent contributions to the philosophy of science from a historical point of view and of the highest topicality: the range of the topics covers all fields in the philosophy of the science provided by authors from around the world focusing on ancient, modern and contemporary periods in the development of the science philosophy. This proceedings is for the scientific community and students at graduate level as well as postdocs in this interdisciplinary field of research.
Table of Contents
A. History of Philosophy of Science - New Trends and Perspectives. I. On the Notion of 'Law'; M.L.D. Chiara, R. Giuntini. Hume on Sense Impressions and Objects; M. Frasca-Spada. Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science; M. Friedman. Neo-Kantian Origins of Modern Empiricism: on the Relation between Popper and the Vienna Circle; L. Schaäfer. II. Concerning some Philosophical Reasons for the Recourse of Mathematics in the Study of Physical Phenomena in the Thought of Newton and Leibniz; W. Simonsen. Kant on the Apriority of Causal Laws; L. Anderson. Whewell and the Scientists: Science and Philosophy of Science in 19th Century Britain; L.J. Snyder. Brouwer's Argument for the Unity of Scientific Theories; M. Van Atten. The Role of Models in Boltzmann's Lectures on Natural Philosophy (1903-1906); N. De Courtenay. Physical Pictures: Engineering Models circa 1914 and in Wittgenstein's Tractatus; S.G. Sterrett. The Modern History of Scientific Explanation; G. Hardcastle. From the Values of Scientific Philosphy to the Value Neutrality of the Philosophy of Science; D.J. Stump. III. Helmholtz's Methodology of Sensory Science, the Zeichentheorie, and Physical Models of Hearing Mechanisms; P.J. McDonald. Physics without Pictures? The Ostwald-Boltzmann Controversy, and Mach's (Unnoticed) Middle-Way; M. Neuber. Ludwig Boltzmann's Mathematical Argument for Atomism; T. Wilholt; IV. Hilbert's Program to Axiomatize Physics (in Analogy to Geometry) and its Impact on Schlick, Carnap and other Members of the Vienna Circle; U. Majer. Hopes and Disappointments in Hilbert's Axiomatic 'Foundations of Physics'; T. Sauer. Mathematical Physics and Philosophy of Physics (with SpecialConsideration of J. von Neumann's Work); M. Rédei. How Metaphysical is 'Deepening the Foundations'> Hahn and Frank on Hilbert's Axiomatic Method; M. Stöltzner. The EPR Experiment: a Prelude to Borh's Reply to EPR; M. Dickson. V. The French Connection: Conventionalism and the Vienna Circle; A. Brenner. Carnap on Logic and Experience; W. Houkes. Affinities between Fleck and Neurath; A. Koterski. Critical Rationalism, Logical Positivism, and the Post-structuralist Conundrum: Reconsidering the Neurath-Popper Debate; M. Hacohen. Philosophy of Biology around the Vienna Circle: Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Joseph Henry Woodger and Philip Frank; V. Hofer. B. General Part. Report – Documentation. B.F. Skinner and P.W. Bridgman: the Frustration of a Wahlverwandtschaft; G. Holton. Sociology of Science, Rule Following and Forms of Life; D. Stern. Review Essays. The Philosopher without Qualities; A.W. Carus. The Poverty of 'Constructivist' History (and Policy Advice); T. Uebel. Reviews. Vernunftkritik und Wissenschaft. Otto Neurath und der erste Wiener Kreis; T. Uebel. The Social Origins of Modern Science; E. Zilsel. Karl Popper: The formative Years 1902-1545; Politics and Philosophy in Interwar Vienne; M. Hacohen. Bolzano's Philosophy and the Emergence of Modern Mathematics; P. Rusnock. 'Wahrheit suchen und Wahrheit bekennen.' Alexius Meinong: Skizze seines Lebens, E. Dölling. Einstein: The Formative Years 1879-1909; D. Howard, J. Stachel. Activities of the IVC. Activities 2001. Preview 2002. Obituaries. Index of Names.