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A History of Western Society, Volume C: From the Revolutionary Era to the Present / Edition 10

A History of Western Society, Volume C: From the Revolutionary Era to the Present / Edition 10


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A History of Western Society, Volume C: From the Revolutionary Era to the Present / Edition 10

Long praised by instructors and students alike for its readability and attention to everyday life, the eleventh edition of A History of Western Society includes even more built-in tools to engage today's students and save instructors time. This edition features a brand-new, comprehensive primary source program in-text and online, expanded chapters devoted to the lives of ordinary people that make the past real and relevant, and the best and latest scholarship throughout. Enhanced with a wealth of digital content—including carefully developed online document assignments for each chapter with auto-graded exercises—the eleventh edition provides easily assignable options for instructors and novel ways for students to master the content. Now integrated with LearningCurve, an adaptive online resource that helps students retain the material and come to class prepared.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780312640637
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date: 10/13/2010
Edition description: Tenth Edition
Pages: 432
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913.
Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies.


Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She is the former Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History (2010). His current research interests focus on issues of consumption, gender, and popular culture in West Germany and Western Europe after World War II.

Table of Contents

Chapter 19: Revolutions in Politics, 1775–1815

Background to Revolution

     Social Change

     Growing Demands for Liberty and Equality

     The Seven Years’ War

The American Revolutionary Era, 1775–1789

     The Origins of the Revolution

     Independence from Britain

     Framing the Constitution

     Limitations of Liberty and Equality

     Primary Source 19.1: Abigail Adams, "Remember the Ladies"

Revolution in France, 1789–1791

     Breakdown of the Old Order

     The Formation of the National Assembly

     Popular Uprising and the Rights of Man

     A Constitutional Monarchy and Its Challenges

     Primary Source 19.2: Abbé Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate?

     Primary Source 19.3: Petition of the French Jews

World War and Republican France, 1791–1799

     The International Response

     The Second Revolution and the New Republic

     Total War and the Terror

     The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory

     Primary Source 19.4: Contrasting Visions of the Sans‑Culottes

The Napoleonic Era, 1799–1815

     Napoleon’s Rule of France

     Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe

     The Grand Empire and Its End

     Primary Source 19.5: Napoleon’s Proclamation to the French People

The Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804

     Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue

     The Outbreak of Revolt

     The War of Haitian Independence

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Toussaint L’Ouverture

Living in the Past: A Revolution of Culture and Daily Life

Mapping the Past: Napoleonic Europe in 1812

Chapter 20: The Revolution in Energy and Industry, ca. 1780–1850

The Industrial Revolution in Britain

     Origins of the British Industrial Revolution

     Technological Innovations and Early Factories

     The Steam Engine Breakthrough

     The Coming of the Railroads

     Industry and Population

Industrialization Beyond Britain

     National and International Variations

     Industrialization in Continental Europe

     Agents of Industrialization

     Government Support and Corporate Banking

     The Situation Outside of Europe

New Patterns of Working and Living

     Work in Early Factories

     Working Families and Children

     The New Sexual Division of Labor

     Primary Source 20.1: Debate over Child Labor Laws

     Primary Source 20.2: Living Conditions of the Working Classes

     Primary Source 20.3: The Testimony of Young Mine Workers

Relations Between Capital and Labor

     The New Class of Factory Owners

     Debates over Industrialization

     The Early British Labor Movement

     The Impact of Slavery

     Primary Source 20.4: Ford Maddox Brown, Work

     Primary Source 20.5: Advice for Middle-Class Women

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Josiah Wedgwood

Living in the Past: The Steam Age

Mapping the Past: Continental Industrialization, ca. 1850

Chapter 21: Ideologies and Upheavals, 1815–1850

The Aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars

     The European Balance of Power

     Metternich and Conservatism

     Repressing the Revolutionary Spirit

     Limits to Conservative Power and Revolution in South America

     Primary Source 21.1: Metternich: Conservative Reaction in the German Confederation

The Spread of Radical Ideas

     Liberalism and the Middle Class

     The Growing Appeal of Nationalism

     The Foundations of Modern Socialism

     The Birth of Marxist Socialism

The Romantic Movement

     The Tenets of Romanticism


     Art and Music

     Primary Source 21.2: English Romantic Poets

     Primary Source 21.3: Adam Mickiewicz and Romantic Nationalism in Poland

Reforms and Revolutions Before 1848

     National Liberation in Greece

     Liberal Reform in Great Britain

     Ireland and the Great Famine

     The Revolution of 1830 in France

The Revolutions of 1848

     A Democratic Republic in France

     Revolution and Reaction in the Austrian Empire

     Prussia, the German Confederation, and the Frankfurt National Parliament

     Primary Source 21.4: The Republican Spirit in Paris, 1848

     Primary Source 21.5: The Triumph of Democratic Republics

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Germaine de Staël

Mapping the Past: Europe in 1815

Living in the Past: Revolutionary Experiences in 1848

Chapter 22: Life in the Emerging Urban Society, 1840–1914

Taming the City

     Industry and the Growth of Cities

     The Advent of the Public Health Movement

     The Bacterial Revolution

     Improvements in Urban Planning

     Public Transportation

     Primary Source 22.1: First Impressions of the World’s Biggest City

Rich and Poor and Those in Between

     Middle-Class Culture and Values

     The Distribution of Income

     The People and Occupations of the Middle Classes

     The People and Occupations of the Working Classes

     Working-Class Leisure and Religion

     Primary Source 22.2: Apartment Living in Paris

Changing Family Lifestyles

     Middle-Class Marriage and Courtship Rituals

     Middle and Working-Class Sexuality


     Separate Spheres and the Importance of Homemaking

     Child Rearing

     The Feminist Movement

     Primary Source 22.3: Stephan Zweig on Middle-Class Youth and Sexuality

Science and Thought

     The Triumph of Science in Industry

     Darwin and Natural Selection

     The Modern University and the Social Sciences

     Realism in Art and Literature

     Primary Source 22.4: Max Weber Critiques Industrial Capitalism

     Primary Source 22.5: Émile Zola and Realism in Literature

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Life in the Modern City on Film

Mapping the Past: European Cities of 100,000 or More, 1800–1900

The Past Living Now: Modern Sewage Systems

Living in the Past: Nineteenth-Century Women’s Fashion

Individuals in Society: Franziska Tiburtius

Chapter 23: The Age of Nationalism, 1850–1914

Napoleon III in France

     France’s Second Republic

     Napoleon III’s Second Empire

Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and the United States

     Italy to 1850

     Cavour and Garibaldi in Italy

     Growing Austro-Prussian Rivalry

     Bismarck and the Austro-Prussian War

     Taming the German Parliament

     The Franco-Prussian War

     Slavery and Nation Building in the United States

     Primary Source 23.1: The Struggle for the Italian Nation

The Modernization of Russia and the Ottoman Empire

     The "Great Reforms" in Russia

     The Russian Revolution of 1905

     Reform and Readjustment in the Ottoman Empire

     Primary Source 23.2: Eyewitness Accounts of Bloody Sunday

The Responsive National State, 1871–1914

     The German Empire

     Republican France

     Great Britain and Ireland

     The Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Nation and the People

     Making National Citizens

     Nationalism and Racism

     Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism

     Primary Source 23.3: Ernest Renan on National Identity

     Primary Source 23.4: Building Nationalism

Marxism and the Socialist Movement

     The Socialist International

     Unions and Revisionism

     Primary Source 23.5: Adelheid Popp, the Making of a Socialist

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Theodor Herzl

Mapping the Past: The Unification of Germany, 1864–1871

Living in the Past: Peasant Life in Post-Reform Russia

Chapter 24: The West and the World, 1815–1914

Industrialization and the World Economy

     The Rise of Global Inequality

     The World Market

     The Opening of China

     Japan and the United States

     Western Penetration of Egypt

     Primary Source 24.1: Lin Zexu and Yamagata Aritomo on Western Imperialism

Global Migration Around 1900

     The Pressure of Population

     European Emigration

     Asian Emigration

     Primary Source 24.2: Nativism in the United States

Western Imperialism, 1880–1914

     The European Presence in Africa Before 1880

     The Scramble for Africa After 1880

     Imperialism in Asia

     Causes of the New Imperialism

     A "Civilizing Mission"


     Critics of Imperialism

     Primary Source 24.3: The White Man’s Burden

     Primary Source 24.4: Orientalism in Art and Everyday Life

     Primary Source 24.5: The Brown Man’s Burden

Responding to Western Imperialism

     The Pattern of Response

     Empire in India

     The Example of Japan

     Toward Revolution in China

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Cecil Rhodes

Living in the Past: The Immigrant Experience

Mapping the Past: The Partition of Africa

Chapter 25: War and Revolution, 1914–1919

The Road to War

     Growing International Conflict

     The Mood of 1914

     The Outbreak of War

     Primary Source 25.1: German Diplomacy and the Road to War

Waging Total War

     Stalemate and Slaughter on the Western Front

     The Widening War

     Primary Source 25.2: Poetry in the Trenches

The Home Front

     Mobilizing for Total War

     The Social Impact

     Growing Political Tensions

     Primary Source 25.3: Wartime Propaganda Posters

The Russian Revolution

     The Fall of Imperial Russia

     The Provisional Government

     Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution

     Trotsky and the Seizure of Power

     Dictatorship and Civil War

     Primary Source 25.4: Peace, Land, and Bread for the Russian People

The Peace Settlement

     The End of the War

     Revolution in Austria-Hungary and Germany

     The Treaty of Versailles

     The Peace Settlement in the Middle East

     The Human Costs of the War

     Primary Source 25.5: Resolution of the General Syrian Congress at Damascus

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Vera Brittain

Living in the Past: Life and Death on the Western Front

Mapping the Past: Territorial Changes After World War I

Chapter 26: The Age of Anxiety, 1880–1940

Uncertainty in Modern Thought

     Modern Philosophy

     The Revival of Christianity

     The New Physics

     Freudian Psychology

     Primary Source 26.1: Friedrich Nietzsche Pronounces the Death of God

Modernism in Architecture, Art, Literature, and Music

     Architecture and Design

     New Artistic Movements

     Twentieth-Century Literature

     Modern Music

     Primary Source 26.2: The Futurist Manifesto

An Emerging Consumer Society

     Mass Culture

     The Appeal of Cinema

     The Arrival of Radio

     Primary Source 26.3: The Modern Girl: Image or Reality?

The Search for Peace and Political Stability

     Germany and the Western Powers

     Hope in Foreign Affairs

     Hope in Democratic Government

     Primary Source 26.4: Keynes on German Reparations After World War I

The Great Depression, 1929–1939

     The Economic Crisis

     Mass Unemployment

     The New Deal in the United States

     The Scandinavian Response to the Depression

     Recovery and Reform in Britain and France

     Primary Source 26.5: George Orwell on Life on the Dole

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

ONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann

Living in the Past: Modern Design for Everyday Use

Mapping the Past: The Great Depression in the United States and Europe, 1929–1939

Chapter 27: Dictatorships and the Second World War, 1919–1945

Authoritarian States

     Conservative Authoritarianism and Radical Totalitarian


     Communism and Fascism

     Primary Source 27.1: The Appeal of Propaganda

Stalin’s Soviet Union

     From Lenin to Stalin

     The Five-Year Plans

     Life and Culture in Soviet Society

     Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges

     Primary Source 27.2: Stalin Justifies the Five-Year Plan

     Primary Source 27.3: Famine and Recovery on a Soviet Collective Farm

Mussolini and Fascism in Italy

     The Seizure of Power

     The Regime in Action

Hitler and Nazism in Germany

     The Roots of National Socialism

     Hitler’s Road to Power

     State and Society in Nazi Germany

     Popular Support for National Socialism

     Aggression and Appeasement

     Primary Source 27.4: The "Reich Citizenship Law" and the Nazi Volk

The Second World War

     German Victories in Europe

     Europe Under Nazi Occupation

     The Holocaust

     Japanese Empire and the War in the Pacific

     The "Hinge of Fate"

     Allied Victory

     Primary Source 27.5: Everyday Life in the London Blitz

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Primo Levi

Living in the Past: Nazi Propaganda and Consumer Goods

Mapping the Past: World War II in Europe and Africa, 1939–1945

Chapter 28: Cold War Conflict and Consensus, 1945–1965

Postwar Europe and the Origins of the Cold War

     The Legacies of the Second World War

     The Peace Settlement and Cold War Origins

     West Versus East

     Big Science in the Nuclear Age

     Primary Source 28.1: A Soviet View of the Arms Race

The Western Renaissance/Recovery in Western Europe

     The Search for Political and Social Consensus

     Toward European Unity

     The Consumer Revolution

     Primary Source 28.2: Western European Recovery and the Promise of Prosperity

     Primary Source 28.3: The Nixon-Khrushchev "Kitchen Debate"

Developments in the Soviet Union and the East Bloc

     Postwar Life in the East Bloc

     Reform and De‑Stalinization

     Foreign Policy and Domestic Rebellion

     The Limits of Reform

     Primary Source 28.4: The Hungarian Communist Party Calls for Reforms

The End of Empires

     Decolonization and the Global Cold War

     The Struggle for Power in Asia

     Independence and Conflict in the Middle East

     Decolonization in Africa

     Primary Source 28.5: Frantz Fanon on Violence, Decolonization, and Human Dignity

Postwar Social Transformations

     Changing Class Structures

     Patterns of Postwar Migration

     New Roles for Women

     Youth Culture and the Generation Gap

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Armando Rodrigues

Mapping the Past: The Aftermath of World War II in Europe, ca. 1945–1950

Living in the Past: A Model Socialist Steel Town

Chapter 29: Challenging the Postwar Order, 1960–1991

Reform and Protest in the 1960s

     Cold War Tensions Thaw

     The Affluent Society

     The Counterculture Movement

     The United States and Vietnam

     Student Revolts and 1968

     The 1960s in the East Bloc

     Primary Source 29.1: Human Rights Under the Helsinki Accords

     Primary Source 29.2: Counterculture Graffiti from Paris, 1968

Crisis and Change in Western Europe

     Economic Crisis and Hardship

     The New Conservatism

     Challenges and Victories for Women

     The Rise of the Environmental Movement

     Separatism and Right-Wing Extremism

     Primary Source 29.3: Simone de Beauvoir’s Feminist Critique of Marriage

     Primary Source 29.4: Green Party Representatives Enter Parliament

The Decline of "Developed Socialism"

     State and Society in the East Bloc

     Dissent in Czechoslovakia and Poland

     From Détente Back to Cold War

     Gorbachev’s Reforms in the Soviet Union

     Primary Source 29.5: Dissent in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

The Revolutions of 1989

     The Collapse of Communism in the East Bloc

     German Unification and the End of the Cold War

     The Disintegration of the Soviet Union

Review and Explore — LearningCurve

Margaret Thatcher

Living in the Past: The Supermarket Revolution

Mapping the Past: Democratic Movements in Eastern Europe, 1989

Chapter 30: Life in an Age of Globalization, 1990 to the Present

Reshaping Russia and the Former East Bloc

     Economic Shock Therapy in Russia

     Russian Revival Under Vladimir Putin

     Coping with Change in the Former East Bloc

     Tragedy in Yugoslavia

     Primary Source 30.1: President Putin on Global Security

The New Global System

     The Global Economy

     The New European Union

     Supranational Organizations

     The Human Side of Globalization

     Life in the Digital Age

     Primary Source 30.2: The Slow Food Manifesto

Toward a Multicultural Continent

     The Prospect of Population Decline

     Changing Immigration Flows

     Ethnic Diversity in Contemporary Europe

     Europe and Its Muslim Citizens

     Primary Source 30.3: National Front Campaign Poster

Confronting Twenty-First-Century Challenges

     Growing Strains in U.S.-European Relations

     Turmoil in the Muslim World

     The Global Recession and the Viability of the Eurozone

     Dependence on Fossil Fuels

     Climate Change and Environmental Degradation

     Promoting Human Rights

     Primary Source 30.4: William Pfaff, Will the French Riots Change Anything?

     Primary Source 30.5: Osama bin Laden Calls for Global Jihad

Review and Explore — LearningCurve


Mapping the Past: The European Union, 2013

Living in the Past: The Euro

Individuals in Society: Tariq Ramadan

The Past Living Now: Remembering the Holocaust

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