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History of World Societies: Volume 1: To 1715 / Edition 8

History of World Societies: Volume 1: To 1715 / Edition 8

by John P. McKay


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History of World Societies: Volume 1: To 1715 / Edition 8

More than any other text, A History of World Societies introduces students to the families, foods, workplaces, religions, and diversions of peoples of the past through lively, descriptive writing and extensive primary sources that give voice to a wide range of individuals. This hallmark treatment of social history combines with strong political, cultural, and economic coverage and a clear, easy-to-manage organization to provide students with the most vivid account available of what life was like throughout human history.

The Eighth Edition welcomes to the author team Merry Wiesner-Hanks and Clare Crowston, experienced world-history teachers and highly regarded scholars who bring additional attention to gender and cultural history. It also expands the text's global perspective by strengthening coverage of non-Western topics and comparisons among world societies. A fresh, colorful look and a completely new map program showcase a narrative that the authors judiciously shortened for even greater power and accessibility.

Bedford/St. Martin’s is proud to have recently acquired the stellar McKay franchise in World History and Western Civilization. These wonderful books fit well with our publishing philosophy at Bedford/St. Martin’s, emphasizing innovation, quality, and a focus on the needs of students and instructors. We hope to contribute to their future success with the care and attention to detail we give every book we publish.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900312682940
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date: 10/10/2008
Edition description: Eighth Edition
Pages: 544
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

John P. McKay, Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from the University of Columbia, Berkeley in 1968. Author of three books, he won the Herbert Baxter Adams Award from the American Historical Association with his Pioneers for Profit. He is a Senior Fulbright Fellow and recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship.

Bennett D. Hill (deceased), a former Chairman and Professor of History at the University of Illinois, received his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1963. He taught at the University of Maryland and was most recently a visiting professor at Georgetown University. He published two books and many journal articles.

John Buckler, a Professor of History at the University of Illinois, earned his doctorate at Harvard University in 1973. He has published numerous journal articles and written a monograph, The Theban Hegemony, published by Harvard University Press.

Patricia B. Ebrey, Professor with Joint Appointment: Early Imperial China, Song Dynasty, at the University of Washington in Seattle, received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1975. She has published numerous journal articles and published The Cambridge Illustrated History of China (Cambridge University Press, 1996), as well as numerous monographs.

Merry Wiesner-Hanks, UWM Distinguished Professor at University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, earned her B.A. from Grinnell College in 1973 and her Ph.D. in 1979 at University of Wisconsin – Madison. She is the co-editor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of nineteen books and many articles that have appeared in many languages. She is currently the Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.

Clare H. Crowston, Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, earned her B.A. in 1985 from McGill University and her Ph.D. in 1996 from Cornell University. The author of many articles, she has also written Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791 (Duke University Press, 2001), which won two awards, the Berkshire Prize and the Hagley Prize. She is a past-President of the Society for French Historical Studies and a former chair of the Pinkney Prize Committee.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Early Civilizations of the Near East, to 464 B.C.E
Birth and Growth of Mesopotamian Civilization
(ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.)
The Invention of Writing and Intellectual Advances

(ca 3000-2331 B.C.E.)

Sumerian Thought and Religion

Sumerian Society

The Triumph of Babylon and the Spread of Mesopotamian

Civilization (2331-ca 1595 B.C.E.)
Egypt, the Land of the Pharaohs (3100-1200 B.C.E.)

The God-King of Egypt

The Pharaoh’s People

The Hyksos in Egypt (1640-1570 B.C.E)

The New Kingdom: Revival and Empire (1570-1075 B.C.E)

Individuals in Society: Nefertiti
The Rise of the Hittites

A Shattered Egypt and a Rising Phoenicia
The Children of Isreal

Daily Life in Israel
Assyria, the Military Monarchy (859-612 B.C.E)
The Empire of the Persian Kings (ca 1000-464 B.C.E)

The Creation of the Persian Empire (550-464 B.C.E)

The Religion of Zoroaster

The Span of the Persian Empire

Chapter 2: The Foundation of Indian Society, to 300 C.E.
The Land and Its First Settlers (ca3000-1500 B.C.E)
The Aryans and the Vedic Age (ca 1500-500 B.C.E)

Early Indian Society, 1000-500 B.C.E.

India’s Great Religions


Individuals in Society: Gosala
Siddhartha Gautama and Buddhism

India and the West (ca 513-298 B.C.E)
The Mauryan Empire (ca 322-185 B.C.E)

The Reign of Ashoka (ca 269-232 B.C.E)
Small States and the Trading Networks (200 B.C.E. -300 C.E.

Chapter 3: China’s Classical Age, to 256 B.C.E.
The Emergence of Civilization in China

The Neolithic Age

The Shang Dynasty (ca 1500-ca1050 B.C.E)
The Early Zhou Dynasty (ca 1050-500 BCE)
Zhou Politics

Zhou Society
The Warring States Period (500-221 BCE)
Confucius and His Followers

Individuals in Society: Guan Zhong
Daoism, Legalism, and Other Schools of Thought



Yin and Yang

Chapter 4: The Greek Experience (ca 3500-146 B.C.E)
The Polis (ca 800 B.C.E)
The Archaic Age (ca 800-500 B.C.E)

Overseas Expansion

The Growth of Sparta

The Evolution of Athens
The Classical Period (500-338 B.C.E)

The Deadly Conflicts (499-404 B.C.E)

Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles

Aspects of Social Life in Athens

Greek Religion

The Flowering of Philosophy

From Polis to Monarchy (404-323 B.C.E)
The Spread of Hellenism

Cities and Kingdoms

Building a Shared Society
The Economic Scope of the Hellenistic World
Hellenistic Intellectual Advances

Religion in the Hellenistic World

Philosophy and the People

Hellenistic Science

Individuals in Society: Archimedes

Hellenistic Medicine

Chapter 5: The World of Rome (753 B.C.E- 479 C.E.)
The Etruscans and Rome (ca 750-290 B.C.E)

The Etruscans and the Roman Settlement of Italy

(ca 750-509 B.C.E)

The Roman Conquest of Italy (509-209 B.C.E)
The Roman Republic

Social Conflict in Rome
Roman Expansion and Its Repercussions (282-27 B.C.E)

The Age of Overseas Conquest (282-45 B.C.E)

Old Values and Greek Culture

The Late Republic (133-31 B.C.E)
The Pax Romana

Augustus’s Settlement (31 B.C.E-14 C.E)

Administration and Expansion under Augustus
The Coming of Christianity

Unrest in Judaea

The Life and Teachings of Jesus

The Spread of Christianity

The Appeal of Christianity
The "Golden" Age

Individuals in Society: Plutarch of Chaironeia

Life in the Golden Age
Rome and the East (235-284 C.E.)

Conflict and Commerce between Rome and Parthia

Contacts Between Rome and China
The Empire from crisis to Triumph (284-337 C.E.)

Reconstruction under Diocletian and Constantine

(284-337 C.E.)

The Acceptance of Christianity

The Construction of Constantinople

From the Classical World to Late Antiquity

Chapter 6: East Asia and the Spread of Buddhism,
256 B.C.E.–800 C.E.
The Age of Empire in China

The Qin Unification (256-206 BCE)

The Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE)

Inner Asia and the Silk Road

Han Intellectual and Cultural Life

Economy and Society in Han China

Individuals in Society: The Ban Family

China and Rome

The Fall of the Han and the Age of Division
The Spread of Buddhism Out of India
The Chinese Empire Re-created: Sui (581–618) and
Tang (618–907)

The Tang Dynasty (618-907)

Tang Culture
The East Asian Cultural Sphere




Chapter 7: Europe and Western Asia, ca 350-850
The Byzantine Empire

Sources of Byzantine Strength

The Sasanid Kingdom of Persia and Byzantium

Individuals in Society: Theodora of Constantinople

The Law Code of Justinian

Byzantine Intellectual Life

Constantinople: The Second Rome
The Growth of the Christian Church

The Church and its Leaders

The Western Church and the Eastern Church

The Iconoclastic Controversy

Christian Monasticism
Christian Ideas and Practices

Adjustment to Classical Culture

Saint Augustine

Missionary Activity

Conversion and Assimilation
Migrating Peoples

Celts, Huns, and Germans

Barbarian Society

Social and Economic Structures

The Frankish Kingdom


Chapter 8: The Islamic World, ca 600-1400
The Origins of Islam


The Islamic Faith
Islamic States and Their Expansion

Reasons for the Spread of Islam

The Caliphate

The Abbasid Caliphate

Administration of the Islamic Territories
Fragmentation and Military Challenges (900-1400)

The Ascendancy of the Turks

The Mongols Invasions
Muslim Society: The Life of the People

The Classes of Society


Women in Classical Islamic Society
Trade and Commerce

Cultural Developments

Individuals in Society: Abu ‘Abdallah Ibn Battuta

Education and Intellectual Life


Muslim-Christian Encounters.

Chapter 9: African Societies and Kingdoms, ca 400-1450
The Land and Peoples of Africa

Egypt, Africa, and Race

Early African Societies

Bantu Migrations

Kingdoms of the Western Sudan, ca 1000 BCE-1500 CE

The Trans-Saharan Trade
African Kingdoms and Empires (ca 800-1450)

The Kingdom of Ghana (ca 900-1100)

The Kingdom of Mali (ca1200-1450)

Ethiopia: the Christian Kingdom of Axum

Individuals in Society: Amda Siyon

The East African City-States

Southern Africa

Chapter 10: Civilizations of the Americas, 2500 BCE- 1500 CE
The Early Peoples of the Americas

Settling the Americas

The Development of Agriculture
Early Civilizations

Mounds, Towns, and Trade in North and South America

The Olmecs
Classical Era Mesoamerica and North America

Maya Technology and Trade

Maya Science and Religion

Teotihuacán and the Toltecs

Hohokam, Hopewell, and Mississippian
The Aztecs

Religion and War in Aztec Society

Individuals in Society: Tlacaélel

The Life of the People

The Cities of the Aztecs
The Incas

Earlier Peruvian Cultures

Inca Imperialism

Inca Society

Chapter 11: Central and Southern Asia, to 1400
Central Asian Nomads

The Turks

The Mongols

Daily Life
Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire

Chinggis’s Successors

The Mongols as Rulers
East-West Communication During the Mongol Era
India, 300-1400

The Gupta Empire (ca 320-480)

India’s Medieval Age (ca 500-1400) and the

First Encounter with Islam

Individuals in Society: Bhaskara the Teacher

Daily Life in Medieval India

Southeast Asia, to 1400

The Spread of Indian Culture in Comparative Perspective

Chapter 12: East Asia, ca 800-1400

The Medieval Chinese Economic Revolution (800-1100)
China During the Song Dynasty (960-1279)

The Scholar-Officials and New-Confucianism

Individuals in Society: Shen Gua

Women’s Lives
Japan’s Heian Period (794-1185)

Fujiwara Rule

Aristocratic Culture
The Samurai and The Kamakura Shogunate (1185-1333)

Military Rule

Cultural Trends

Chapter 13: Europe in the Middle Ages, 850-1400
Political Developments

Feudalism and Manorialism

Invasions and Migrations

The Restoration of Order

Law and Justice
Revival and Reform in the Christian Church

Monastic Reforms

Individuals in Society: Hildegard of Bingen

Papal Reforms

Popular Religion
The Expansion of Latin Christendom

Toward a Christian Society
The Crusades

Background of the Crusades

The Course of the Crusades

The Changing Life of the People

Those Who Work

Those Who Fight

Towns and Cities

The Expansion of Long-Distance Trade
The Culture of the Middle Ages

Universities and Scholasticism


Troubadour Poetry
Crises of the Later Middle Ages

The Great Famine and the Black Death

The Hundred Years’ War

Challenges to the Church

Peasant and Urban Revolts

Chapter 14: Europe in the Renaissance and Reformation,
Renaissance Culture
Economic and Political Context

Intellectual Change
Individuals in Society: Leonardo Da Vinci


Christian Humanism

The Printed Word

Art and the Artist
Social Hierarchies



Politics and the State in the Renaissance (ca 1450–1521)




The Habsburgs
The Protestant Reformation

Criticism of the Church

Martin Luther

Protestant Thought and Its Appeal

The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War

The Reformation and Marriage

The Reformation and German Politics

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation

The Catholic Reformation

The Reformed Papacy and the Council of Trent

New Religious Orders
Religious Violence

French Religious Wars

The Netherlands Under Charles V

The Great European Witch-Hunt

Chapter 15: The Acceleration of Global Contact
The Indian Ocean: Hub of an Afro-Eurasian Trading World

People and Cultures

Religious Revolutions

Trade and Commerce
European Discovery, Reconnaissance, and Expansion

Causes of European Expanision

Technological Stimuli to Exploration

The Portuguese Overseas Empire

Individuals in Society: Zheng He

The Problem of Christopher Columbus

New World Conquest
The Impact of Contact

Colonial Administration

The Columbian Exchange

Spanish Settlement and Indigenous Population Decline

Sugar and Slavery
Global Trade Networks
The Chinese and Japanese Discovery of the West
The World-Wide Economic Effects of Spanish Silver

Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism in
Europe, ca 1589-1725
Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding
Economic and Demographic Crisis
The Return of Serfdom in the East
The Thirty Years’ War

Seventeenth-Century State-Building: Common

Obstacles and Achievements
Absolutism in France and Spain

The Foundations of Absolutism: Henry IV, Sully, and Richelieu

Louis XIV and Absolutism

Financial and Economic Management Under Louis XIV: Colbert

Louis XIV’s Wars

The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century
Absolutism in Eastern Europe: Austria, Prussia, and Russia

The Austrian Habsburgs

Prussia in the Seventeenth Century

The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism

The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow

Tsar and People to 1689

The Reforms of Peter the Great
Absolutist Claims in England (1603-1649)

Religious Divides

Puritanical Absolutism in England: Cromwell

and the Protectorate

The Restoration of the English Monarchy

The Triumph of England’s Parliament: Constitutional

Monarchy and Cabinet Government
The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century

Individuals in Society: Glückel of Hameln

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