In the 1920s, Los Angeles enjoyed a buoyant homegrown Spanish-language culture comprised of local and itinerant stock companies that produced zarzuelas, stage plays, and variety acts. After the introduction of sound films, Spanish-language cinema thrived in the city's downtown theatres, screening throughout the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s in venues such as the Teatro Eléctrico, the California, the Roosevelt, the Mason, the Azteca, the Million Dollar, and the Mayan Theater, among others. With the emergence and growth of Mexican and Argentine sound cinema in the early to mid-1930s, downtown Los Angeles quickly became the undisputed capital of Latin American cinema culture in the United States. Meanwhile, the advent of talkies resulted in the Hollywood studios hiring local and international talent from Latin America and Spain for the production of films in Spanish. Parallel with these productions, a series of Spanish-language films were financed by independent producers. As a result, Los Angeles can be viewed as the most important hub in the United States for the production, distribution, and exhibition of films made in Spanish for Latin American audiences.
In April 2017, the International Federation of Film Archives organized a symposium, "Hollywood Goes Latin: Spanish-Language Cinema in Los Angeles," which brought together scholars and film archivists from all of Latin America, Spain, and the United States to discuss the many issues surrounding the creation of Hollywood's "Cine Hispano." The papers presented in this two-day symposium are collected and revised here.
This is a joint publication of FIAF and UCLA Film & Television Archive.
|Publisher:||Indiana University Press|
|Product dimensions:||7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
María Elena de las Carreras is a Fulbright scholar from Argentina, living in Los Angeles, California, since 1987. A lecturer in film studies at UCLA and Cal State Northridge, she is a regular collaborator of the Latin American Cinemateca of Los Angeles and an accredited journalist at the Berlin Film Festival since 1986. In 2017 she co-curated the U.C.L.A. Film & Television Archive series "Recuerdos de un cine en español: Latin American cinema in Los Angeles, 1930-1930". Since 2014 she has been a researcher and interviewer for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences' Visual History Program. Publications include "A case of entente cordiale between State and Church", chapter in Moralizing Cinema; "The 'Setentista' discourse in recent Argentine political documentaries", Arctic Antarctic, vol. 6 no. 6, 2012; "Luis Buñuel's quarrel with the Catholic Church", Buñuel, siglo XXI. Spain: Instituto Fernando el Católico; "The Catholic Vision in Hollywood", Film History, 14, 2, 2002; "El control de cine en la Argentina: 1968-1984", and "El control del cine en la Argentina: 1984-1991", Foro Político, Revista del Instituto de Ciencias Políticas, Buenos Aires, Universidad del Museo Social Argentino, XIX.
Jan-Christopher Horak is Director of UCLA Film & Television Archive and Professor for Critical Studies. He received his PhD. from the Westfählische Wilhelms-Universät in Münster, Germany. His book publications include: Film and Photo in the 1920s, Anti-Nazi-Films Made by German Jewish Refugees in Hollywood, The Dream Merchants: Making and Selling Films in Hollywood's Golden Age, Lovers of Cinema. The First American Film Avant-Garde 1919-1945, Saul Bass. Anatomy of Film Design. He is co-editor of L.A. Rebellion: Creating a New Black Cinema, which won SCMS Best Edited Collection Award, and the Andor Kraszna-Kraus Film Book Award.
Table of Contents
Introduction María Elena de las Carreras Jan-Christopher Horak 5
I Exhibition, Distribution, Reception
Creating a Minority Cinema: Spanish-Language Film Exhibition in Downtown Los Angeles before World War II Jan-Christopher Horak 13
Hollywood's Spanish-Language Movies in Buenos Aires, Lima, Montevideo, and Mexico City Vioieta Núñez Gorritti 31
The Rise and Fall of Spanish Versions (1929-1931), According to Cinelandia Magazine Esteve Riambau 43
Buried in the Vaults: The Restoration of Hollywood's Spanish-language films Roberto Green Quintana 51
Cita en Hollywood Juan B. Heinink Robert G. Dickson 65
Carlos Borcosque: Learning the Ropes in Hollywood (1927-1938) María Elena de las Carreras 83
Ramón Peón: A Cuban in the Babel of Languages Luciano Castillo 95
Gabriel Garcia Moreno: Inventor in Hollywood, Innovator in Mexico María Esperanza Vázquez Bernai Xóchitl Fernández 105
Ramualdo Tirado and the Pioneers of Spanish-language Cinema in Los Angeles Alejandro Espasande Bouza 113
Carlos Gardel's Exito Productions, Inc. A Case of Hispanic Autonomy? César Fratantoni 127
Guillermo Calles: A Mexican Film Pioneer in California Rogelio Agrasánchez Jr. 135
José Mojica: The Tenor from Jalisco, Mexico, Who Conquered Hollywood Rosario Vidal Bonifaz 143
Conchita Montenegro in Hollywood: Reception and Performing Style Núria Bou 153
Antonio Moreno: The Star Who Returned to Spain without Leaving Hollywood Mar Díaz Martínez 163
Competing against Hollywood: A Case Study, Contrabando Eduardo de la Vega Alfaro 171
The Frustrated Career of Celia Villa Bernd Hausberger 179
Spanish-language Films Made in Hollywood (1929-1939) 198
Author Biographies 205