In the face of an outpouring of research on Holocaust history, Holocaust Angst takes an innovative approach. It explores how Germans perceived and reacted to how Americans publicly commemorated the Holocaust. It argues that a network of mostly conservative West German officials and their associates in private organizations and foundations, with Chancellor Kohl located at its center, perceived themselves as the "victims" of the afterlife of the Holocaust in America. They were concerned that public manifestations of Holocaust memory, such as museums, monuments, and movies, could severely damage the Federal Republic's reputation and even cause Americans to question the Federal Republic's status as an ally. From their perspective, American Holocaust memorial culture constituted a stumbling block for (West) German-American relations since the late 1970s.
Providing the first comprehensive, archival study of German efforts to cope with the Nazi past vis-à-vis the United States up to the 1990s, this book uncovers the fears of German officials-some of whom were former Nazis or World War II veterans-about the impact of Holocaust memory on the reputation of the Federal Republic and reveals their at times negative perceptions of American Jews. Focusing on a variety of fields of interaction, ranging from the diplomatic to the scholarly and public spheres, the book unearths the complicated and often contradictory process of managing the legacies of genocide on an international stage. West German decision makers realized that American Holocaust memory was not an "anti-German plot" by American Jews and acknowledged that they could not significantly change American Holocaust discourse. In the end, German confrontation with American Holocaust memory contributed to a more open engagement on the part of the West German government with this memory and eventually rendered it a "positive resource" for German self-representation abroad.
Holocaust Angst offers new perspectives on postwar Germany's place in the world system as well as the Holocaust culture in the United States and the role of transnational organizations.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.20(d)|
About the Author
Jacob S. Eder is a research fellow and lecturer at the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena. His dissertation received the Fraenkel Prize in Contemporary History of the Wiener Library, the Marko Feingold Dissertation Prize in Jewish Studies of the University of Salzburg, and the Betty M. Unterberger Dissertation Prize of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations.
Table of Contents
Note on Terminology, Translations, and Sources
Chapter 1: "Holocaustomania": West German Diplomats and American Holocaust Memorial Culture in the Late 1970s
Chapter 2: A "Holocaust Syndrome"? Relations between the Federal Republic and American Jewish Organizations in the 1980s
Chapter 3: Confronting the "Anti-German Museum": West Germany and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1979 - 1993
Chapter 4: Politicians, Professors, and the Politics of German History in the American Academy from the 1970s to 1990
Chapter 5: The Transformation of Holocaust Memory in Unified Germany, 1990 - 1998
Epilogue: Holocaust Angst and the Universalization of the Holocaust