The Holocaust in Croatia

The Holocaust in Croatia

by Ivo Goldstein, Slavko Goldstein


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FINALIST, 2016 National Jewish Book Award (Holocaust category)

Published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

The Holocaust in Croatia recounts the history of the Croatian Jewish community during the Second World War, with a focus on the city of Zagreb. Ivo and Slavko Goldstein have grounded their study on extensive research in recently opened archives, additionally aided by the memories of survivors to supplement and enrich the interpretation of documents. The authors’ accessible narrative, here available in English for the first time, has been praised for its objectivity (including rare humane acts by those who helped to save Jews) and is complemented by a large bibliography offering an outstanding referential source to archival materials. As such, TheHolocaust in Croatia stands as the definitive account of the Jews in Croatia, up to and including the criminal acts perpetrated by the pro-Nazi Ustasha regime, adding significantly to our knowledge of the Holocaust.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822944515
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 10/21/2016
Series: Pitt Russian East European Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 720
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 9.30(h) x 2.00(d)

About the Author

Ivo Goldstein is a professor in the faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Zagreb, Croatia. Since January of 2013, he has served as the Croatian Ambassador to France.
Slavko Goldstein is a writer, publicist, documentary film director, screenwriter, and politician. He was a member of Tito’s partisan units during the Ustasha regime.

Table of Contents

Part I Ideological and Social Prerequisites of Persecution

1 A Brief History of Croatia 3

2 The Jews in Zagreb Prior to 1941 7

3 Anti-Semitism in the Thirties: The Horror Begins 14

4 The Jews in the Life of Zagreb and Yugoslavia before 1941: From Dire Premonitions to Their Realization 51

5 From Exclusive Croatianhood to Ustasha Anti-Semitism 86

Part II Spring and Summer of 1941: Excommunication

6 The Beginning of Persecution: Public Incitement, the First Murders, and Plunder 103

7 Legal Discrimination: The Third Reich as a Model 113

8 Wearing the Jewish Insignia 121

9 Requests to Not Wear the Insignia and Be Granted Aryan Rights 127

10 A Challenge to Living: Dismissal from All Services 136

11 The Administrative Machinery for Implementing Persecution 144

12 The Contribution 153

13 Plundering Jewish Property 161

14 Evicting Jews from Houses and Apartments 182

15 Salvation for a Group of Doctors 195

16 Other Forms of Persecution 202

17 The Work of the Jewish Religious Community in Zagreb 209

Part III Summer and Autumn of 1941: Concentration and Extermination

18 Mass Arrests and Transit Camps 223

19 Concentration Camps, Summary Courts, and Hostages 236

20 Death Camps on Mount Velebit and Pag Island: Genocide 245

21 The Apogee of Terror: Jasenovac 266

22 On the Way to Execution: Loborgrad and Dakovo 305

23 A New Kind of Correspondence: Requests for Release from Camps 317

24 Mixed Marriages and "Honorary Aryans" 325

25 Care for the Internees and for the Survival of the Jewish Religious Community 330

Part IV Moving Toward Final Annihilation, 1942-1943

26 In the New Year: A New Wave of Persecution 349

27 Deportations in August 1942 362

28 Saving the Children, Hiding in Hospitals 371

29 The Agony on the Eve of the Last Deportation 379

30 Final Annihilation: The Deportations of May 1943 392

Part V Trying to Survive

31 Converting to Catholicism 405

32 To Stay Put or Escape? 417

33 Escape 425

34 Joining the Partisans: A Way to Save One's Life and Maintain Human Dignity 442

Part VI Epilogue

35 The Languishing of the Remaining Jews 457

36 The Old People's Home: From Maksimirska Road to Brezovica 475

37 The Catholic Church, Archbishop Stepinac, and the Jews 481

38 Who Is Responsible? 503

39 Revisionism in Croatia: The Case of Franjo Tudman 520

40 Jews in the Ustasha State Administration 544

41 The Ustashe, the Croats, and the Jews 551

42 On the Number of Jewish Victims in Zagreb and Croatia 561

43 A New Beginning? 574

Notes 581

Bibliography 691

Index 719

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