This book traces international developments in the hooligan phenomenon since the Heysel tragedy of 1985. The authors make special reference to the troubled European championships in West Germany in 1988 and look critically at political responses to the problem. The authors used 'participant observation' in their research on British fans at the World Cup in Spain, and at matches in Rotterdam and Copenhagen, and capture the authentic voice of football hooliganism in their interviews.
In this analysis of patterns of football violence the authors suggest some short-term proposals for restricting seriously violent and disorderly behaviour at continental matches and put forward a long-term strategy to deal with the root causes of hooligan behaviour.
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Table of Contents
Foreword. Preface. Introduction. New introduction to the second edition: Heysel and After. Part 1: English Fans in Spain 1. Preparations for Spain 2. English Fans in Northern Spain 3. The Behaviour of English Fans in Northern Spain n Non-Football Contexts 4. English Fans in Madrid Part 2: The Behaviour and Control of English Fans at ‘One-Off’ Continental Matches. Introduction. 5. Astone Villa v. Bayern Munich: Crowd Behaviour and Crowd Control at the 1982 European Cup Final 6. English Fans in Copenhagen, September 1982. Conclusion: Tackling the Problem. Appendices.