Hope or Despair?: Learning in Pakistan's Primary Schools

Hope or Despair?: Learning in Pakistan's Primary Schools

by Donald P. Warwick, Fernando Reimers

Hardcover(New Edition)

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Hope or Despair? asks what promotes and what holds back student learning in Pakistan's government-sponsored primary schools. Using a national sample of schools, students, teachers, and supervisors, it shows how learning is affected by student background, teachers and teaching, school supervision, facilities, and innovation. It is the first book to use achievement tests based on the national curriculum to show influences on learning in the primary schools of an entire developing country. The study also explores why some students complete primary school and others do not.

The overall quality of education in Pakistan's government primary schools is low, but student learning rises with the teacher's formal education and with certain teaching practices. Student social class, a strong influence on learning in the United States, makes little difference in Pakistan. Whether the teacher is male or female has no relationship to learning in science, but it does affect achievement in mathematics. Neither supervision nor school facilities are related to achievement. This unique study will be of great interest to those concerned with schooling effectiveness in developing countries as well as to economists, sociologists, and political scientists interested in human resources in those countries.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780275953485
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/06/1995
Series: Series on Advances in Mathematics for
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.50(d)
Lexile: 1330L (what's this?)

About the Author

DONALD P. WARWICK is an Institute Fellow at the Harvard Institute for International Development and teaches in Harvard's Department of Sociology and Graduate School of Education.

FERNANDO REIMERS is an Institute Associate at the Harvard Institute for International Development where he specializes in education policy. Both authors have published extensively on education policy and schooling effectiveness.

Table of Contents

Primary Schools in Pakistan

Students: Enrollment, Achievement, and Completion

Teachers: Supply, Morale, and Quality

Teacher Training: Value Added or Money Wasted?

Gender and Achievement

School Buildings, Textbooks, and Supplies

School Organization: Administration, Management, or Leadership?

Explaining Student Achievement

Educational Innovations: Cases and Lessons

From Failure to Success


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