Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642804212
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 12/21/2011
Series: Advances in Bioclimatology , #5
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998
Pages: 184
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

Human Bioclimatology: An Introduction.- References.- Techniques for Measuring Solar Ultraviolet Radiation.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 A Global View of UV Radiation.- 1.2 Determining UV Radiation Intensity at the Ground.- 1.2.1 UV Radiation Models.- 1.2.2 Satellite Remote Sensing.- 2 Techniques for UV Measurement.- 2.1 Spectral Measurements.- 2.2 Broadband Measurements.- 2.3 Dosimetry.- 3 Calibration Techniques.- 3.1 Standard Lamps.- 3.2 Standard Instruments.- 3.3 Frequency of Calibration.- 4 The History of Measurements.- 5 Networking.- 5.1 Formal Networks.- 5.2 Informal Networks.- 5.3 Intercomparisons.- 5.4 Plans for the Future.- 6 Using UV Data.- 6.1 Ancillary Data.- 6.2 Effect of UV Radiation.- 6.2.1 Human Health.- 6.2.2 Animal Health.- 6.2.3 Aquatic Life.- 6.2.4 Plant Life.- 6.2.5 Weathering of Materials.- 7 Conclusion.- Appendix A List of Instrument Manufacturers.- Appendix B List of National Standards Laboratories and Other Sources of Standard Lamps.- AppendixC Glossary of Terms.- References.- Thermal Adaptation and Variable Indoor Climate Control.- 1 Introduction.- 2 The Biophysics and Thermophysiology of Comfort.- 2.1 The Human Energy Budget.- 2.2 Thermal Indices.- 2.3 Localized Discomforts and Draughts.- 2.4 Comparison of Thermal Indices.- 3 An Adaptive Model.- 3.1 Behavioral Adjustments and Preferences.- 3.2 The Effect of Outdoor Climate.- 3.3 The Role of Thermal Expectation.- 3.4 Testing the Adaptive Model.- 4 An Evaluation of Air Conditioning.- 4.1 Achieving Acceptance of Adaptive Control Strategies.- 4.2 Adaptive Alternatives to the Thermostat.- 5 Summary.- References.- Sick Building Syndrome and Appropriate Design.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 Definitions.- 1.2 Significance.- 2 Physical, Chemical and Biological Hypotheses of SBS.- 2.1 Inadequate Ventilation.- 2.2 Specific Pollutants in Indoor Air.- 2.2.1 Volatile Organic Compounds.- 2.2.2 Bioaerosols.- 2.2.3 Inorganic Dust and Other Particulates in Indoor Air.- 3 Psychosocial Dimensions of SBS.- 3.1 Are SBS Symptoms Real?.- 3.2 The Plethora of SBS Risk Factors.- 3.3 Perceived Control Over the Workstation Environment.- 3.3.1 Stress as a Mediating Variable for SBS.- 3.3.2 Perceived Environmental Control, SBS and Productivity.- 4 Appropriate Design for the Avoidance of SBS: Task Conditioning.- 4.1 Design Strategies for Personal Environmental Control.- 4.2 Advantages of Task Conditioning.- 4.2.1 Task Conditioning and SBS.- 4.2.2 Task Conditioning and Employee Productivity.- 4.2.3 Task Conditioning and Energy Conservation.- 5 Conclusion.- References.- Bioclimatic Architecture and Solar Energy.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Bioclimatic Architecture.- 3 Energy Conservation.- 4 Solar-Heated Houses.- 4.1 Passive Systems.- 5 Design Methods.- 6 Integration.- 7 The CPZ Method.- 8 Recent Developments.- 9 Current Issues.- 9.1 Comfort: Humidity Limit.- 9.2 Comfort in Solar Houses.- 9.3 The Mass Effect: Psychological Limits.- 9.4 Energy Rating of Houses.- 9.5 Tropical Design.- 10 Conclusions.- References.- Migration, Recreation and Tourism: Human Responses to Climate Differences.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Seasonal Migration.- 2.1 Temporary Migration to More Hospitable Regions.- 2.2 Searching for Health Cures.- 3 Climate as an Influence on the Decision to Travel.- 4 Indicators of Tourism-Climate Interdependency.- 4.1 Tourism-Climate Indices and Zones.- 4.2 Indicators of “Suitable Days”.- 4.3 Indicators of Weather Sensitivity.- 5 Human Adaptation: Acclimatization, Preparation and Precaution.- 5.1 Body Responses to Changes of Climate: Acclimatization.- 5.2 The Hazards of “Sun Workship”.- 5.3 Preparations for Travel.- 6 Conclusion.- 6.1 Research Difficulties.- 6.2 Research Opportunities.- References.- Climate and Human Mortality: Relationships and Mitigating Measures.- 1 Introduction.- 2 What Is Affecting Weather-Related Mortality?.- 2.1 Meteorological Issues.- 2.2 Socioeconomic Issues Affecting Weather-Related Mortality.- 3 Weather-Related Mortality in a Warmer World.- 4 Mitigating Measures to Lessen the Impact of Weather-Related Mortality.- References.

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