Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic: A Collaborative Model of Humans and Nature through Space and Time

Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic: A Collaborative Model of Humans and Nature through Space and Time


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In Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic: A Collaborative Model of Humans and Nature through Space and Time, Ramona Harrison and Ruth A. Maher have compiled a series of separate research projects conducted across the North Atlantic region that each contribute greatly to anthropological archaeology. This book assembles a regional model through which the reader is presented with a vivid and detailed image of the climatic events and cultures which have occupied these seas and lands for roughly a 5000-year period. It provides a model of adaptability, resilience, and sustainability that can be applied globally. First, visiting the Northern Isles of Scotland in the Orkney Islands, the reader is taken through the archaeology from the Neolithic Period through World War II in the face of sea-level rise and rapidly eroding coastlines. The Shetland Islands then reveal a deep-time study of one large-scale Iron Age excavation. On to the northern coasts of Norway, where information about late medieval maritime peoples is explained. Iceland explores human-environment interaction and implications of climate change presented from the Viking Age through the Early Modern Era. Rounding out the North Atlantic Region is Greenland, which sheds light on the Norse in the late Viking Age and the Middle Ages.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780739185476
Publisher: Lexington Books
Publication date: 10/08/2014
Pages: 252
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Ramona Harrison is associate professor at the University of Bergen, Norway and research associate at Hunter College, CUNY.

Ruth A. Maher is HSS research coordinator and adjunct professor of archaeology at William Paterson University.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables
1. Humans: A Force of Nature
Ruth A. Maher and Ramona Harrison
2. Shaped by the Sea: the Archaeology of Orkney's
Maritime Communities
Julie Gibson
3. The Prehistoric Village Old Scatness: A Research Study in
Longevity, Ecodynamics and Interactions
Stephen J. Dockrill and Julie M. Bond
4. Coupled Human and Natural Systems: a New Perspective on Early Fishing and Fishing Cultures of Northern Norway
Colin Amundsen
5. Land of the Dead: Human Ecodynamics of Ritual and
Belief in Viking Period Iceland
Ruth A. Maher
6. Material Culture and North Atlantic Trade in Iceland and Greenland
Aaron Kendall
7. Connecting the Land to the Sea at Gásir: International Exchange and Long-Term Eyjafjörður Ecodynamics in Medieval Iceland
Ramona Harrison
8. Losing Sleep Counting Sheep: Early Modern Dynamics of
Hazardous Husbandry in Mývatn, Iceland
Megan Hicks
9. Sorting Sheep & Goats in Medieval Iceland and Greenland:
Local Subsistence, Climate Change or World System Impacts?
Thomas H. McGovern, Ramona Harrison, Konrad Smiarowski
10. Climate-Related Farm-to-Shieling Transition at E74 Qorlortorsuaq in Norse Greenland
Konrad Smiarowski
11. Landscape legacies of Landnám in Iceland: What has happened to the environment as a result of settlement, why did it happen and what have been some of the consequences
Andrew J. Dugmore, Thomas H. McGovern and Richard Streeter
12. North Atlantic Human Ecodynamics Research: Looking forwards from the past
Thomas H. McGovern
About the Authors

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