The Americas have witnessed considerable progress in the field of human rights. Although painful legacies persist, large-scale, systematic human rights violations of the kind common during Latin America's dictatorships are hopefully never to return. Abuses of rights and challenges to the rule of law have not disappeared completely, but rather they have taken on a different and elusive character. At the same time, the relatively good records of the developed North American countries continue to be undermined by their inconsistent approaches both at home and abroad.
Human Rights Regimes in the Americas examines the complex role of human rights norms and standards in the region's progression, illustrating the evolution and impact of international conventions, laws and institutions. The chapters combine historical detail with a focus on present-day challenges for regional and domestic human rights regimes, highlighting particular obstacles as well as successful approaches and strategies. Taking the reader through cases in North, Central and South America, the volume provides a rich account of the evolving regional environment for rights protection and promotion, which will be of particular interest to scholars of politics, human rights and law, as well as policymakers and practitioners at all levels.
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About the Author
Mónica Serrano is executive director of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect.
Vesselin Popovski is senior academic officer at the Institute for Sustainability and Peace, United Nations University.
Table of Contents
1 The human rights regime in the Americas: Theory and reality Mónica Serrano 1
2 Why the human rights regime in the Americas matters Par Engstrom Andrew Hurrell 29
3 Democracy, human rights and the United States: Tradition and mutation Tom Farer 56
4 Strengthening the protection of human rights in the Americas: A role for Canada? Bernard Duhaime 84
5 Human rights and the state in Latin America Ramesh Thakur Jorge Heine 114
6 Human rights in context: Brazil Fiona Macaulay 133
7 Human rights and democracy in Chile Felipe González 156
8 Human rights in Cuba and the international system Ana Covarrubias 170
9 Actors and processes in the generation of change in the human rights policy of Mexico Alejandro Anaya Muñoz 189
10 Battling against the odds: Human rights in hard times José Miguel Vivanco Daniel Wilkinson 207
11 Human rights in the Americas: Progress, challenges and prospects Nicholas Turner Vesselin Popovski 228