Human Services in Contemporary America / Edition 6

Human Services in Contemporary America / Edition 6

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Cengage Learning


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Human Services in Contemporary America / Edition 6

This book's multidisciplinary approach to the field of human services gives students an overview of the helping field, of the programs available and the practical skills workers can employ. This provocative text also provides readers with a realistic understanding of how the recent dramatic shifts in social, economic, and political thinking have radically changed the climate in which human services workers operate.
Based on the authors' belief that a humanistic perspective combined with a realistic awareness of pressing social problems provides the best foundation for creative and effective helping, the book provides a comprehensive survey of what the human services field has become, what it takes to be a human services worker, and what future pressures the evolving societal realities are likely to place on programs and workers in the field.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534547479
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 07/20/2003
Pages: 384
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

William R. Burger is a Full Professor at The City University of New York at Kingsborough Community College. He has served as the Chairperson of the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Human Services and formerly served as the Director of the Mental Health and Human Services Program. Dr. Burger has developed and taught a range of Human Services courses, has been a guest lecturer at various colleges and universities, and has written guest articles for various newspapers. He is a well-known figure within the Human Services field.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Human Services in the United States Today1
Human Needs: Focus on Human Services2
The Role of Primary Social Supports in Meeting Needs6
An Overview of Human Services8
Sources of Need Satisfaction19
Falling Through the Safety Net19
Political Controversy and Human Services21
The Impact of Contemporary Problems on Needs31
Additional Reading63
Chapter 2Groups in Need69
America's Poor70
The Unemployed77
Children in Need79
The Elderly87
People with Disabilities95
Persons with Mental Illness99
Substance Abusers106
The Homeless125
Persons Living with HIV/AIDS129
Additional Reading134
Chapter 3Human Services in Historical Perspective141
Prehistoric Civilization142
Early Civilizations143
The Middle Ages145
The Renaissance147
Human Welfare Services since the Renaissance148
Mental Health Services since the Renaissance155
2000 and Beyond163
Additional Reading166
Chapter 4Theoretical Perspectives169
Scientific Theory170
Theories about Human Disorders171
Models of Dysfunction173
The Medical Model173
The Human Services Model180
Issues Underlying Conflict between Models182
The Holistic Trend in Medical Theory183
Schools of Therapy186
The Psychoanalytic Viewpoint186
The Humanistic Perspective194
The Behaviorist Model198
Which Theory Is Best?208
Alternative Paths to Personal Fulfillment208
Systems Theory210
Does Psychotherapy Work?211
Additional Reading212
Chapter 5The Human Services Worker216
Different Styles of Helping Relationships217
Characteristics of Effective Helpers219
Basic Helping Skills224
Factors That Influence the Use of Skills232
Human Rights, the Law, and Human Services239
The Worker in Group Settings242
The Worker in the Community245
Additional Reading250
Chapter 6Careers in Human Services253
Generalist Human Services Work254
Therapeutic Recreation259
Creative Arts Therapy260
Psychiatric Nursing262
Occupational Therapy264
Clinical Psychology267
Social Work278
Professional Organizations284
Additional Reading286
Chapter 7Social Policy288
What Is Social Policy?289
Social Policy in the Past290
Social Policy in Modern Times291
Purpose and Types of Social Policy293
The Scope of Social Policy293
The Making of Social Policy295
Factors in Establishing Social Policy300
The Implementation of Social Policy307
Critical Thinking Activities310
Additional Reading316
Chapter 8Prevention in Human Services319
Defining Prevention and Its Targets320
Prevention in the Past321
Levels of Prevention325
Why an Emphasis on Primary Prevention Is Crucial329
Primary Prevention Strategies334
Obstacles to the Development of Primary Prevention Programs337
Additional Reading340
Chapter 9Current Controversies and Issues343
The Clash of Values in Social Policies344
Government: How Much Support for the Needy?348
Target Populations: The Struggle for Support349
Professionalism in the Human Services354
Deinstitutionalization: Does It Work?358
The Role of Human Services Workers360
Whom Do Human Services Workers Serve?361
A Basic Reading and Thinking Skill363
Author Index377
Subject Index381

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