Humanitarian Military Intervention: The Conditions for Success and Failure

Humanitarian Military Intervention: The Conditions for Success and Failure

by Taylor B. Seybolt

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Humanitarian Military Intervention: The Conditions for Success and Failure by Taylor B. Seybolt

This study focuses on the questions of when and how military intervention in conflicts can achieve humanitarian benefits. It uses the standard that an intervention should do more good than harm to evaluate the successes and failures. The author develops a methodology to determine the number of lives saved, as a minimalist measure. The analysis of 19 military operations in the 6 case studies of Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia, Rwanda, Kosovo and East Timor reveals both successful and unsuccessful interventions in the same locations. The study posits that an intervention's short-term effectiveness depends primarily on six factors within the control of the intervenor, rather than factors inherent within the conflict. Political and humanitarian dimensions are combined to create a typology that compares the needs of populations suffering from conflict with an intervenor's military intervention strategies, motives, capabilities and response time. Hypotheses derived from the model are tested in the case studies and policy implications are offered.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199252435
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 03/05/2007
Series: A SIPRI Publication Series
Pages: 312
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Taylor B. Seybolt is an Assistant Professor at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public and International Affairs. In 2002-2008 he was a Senior Program Officer at the United States Institute of Peace. From 1999 to 2002 he was the Leader of the SIPRI Conflicts and Peace Enforcement Project.

Table of Contents

Preface     vii
Acknowledgements     ix
Abbreviations and acronyms     x
Northern Iraq, 1992     xii
Somalia     xiii
Bosnia and Herzegovina, April 1995     xiv
Rwanda, August 1994     xv
Kosovo, 1999     xvi
East Timor, 1999     xvii
Controversies about humanitarian military intervention     1
Humanitarian intervention debates     7
The structure of this book     28
Judging success and failure     30
What is success?     30
Counting people who did not die     32
A typology of humanitarian military intervention     38
Summary     45
Military responses to humanitarian dilemmas     40
A typology of humanitarian military intervention     42
Humanitarian military interventions in the 1990s     46
State oppression of the Kurds in northern Iraq, 1991-96     47
State failure and famine in Somaha, 1991-95     52
Secession and ethnic expulsion in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1992-95     61
Genocide and civil war in Rwanda, 1994     70
Secessionist violence and ethnic expulsion in Kosovo, 1999     78
Independenceand fear in East Timor, 1999-2000     86
Summary     93
The impact of intervention in northern Iraq, 1991-96     48
The impact of intervention in Somalia, 1991-95     60
The impact of intenvention in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1992-95     68
The impact of intervention in Rwanda, 1994     78
The impact of intervention in Kosovo, 1999-2000     80
The impact of intervention in East Timor, 1999-2000     90
Helping to deliver emergency aid     96
Strategies for delivering aid     97
Direct aid and logistics provision in the 1990s     106
Advantages and disadvantages of military intervention to help provide aid     131
Summary     133
Variations of direct aid and logistical assistance     106
Protecting humanitarian aid operations     135
Strategies for protecting aid operations     136
Protecting aid operations in the 1990s     145
Advantages and disadvantages of military intervention to protect aid operations     172
Summary     176
Various forms of military protection of aid operations     140
Saving the victims of violence     177
Strategies for protecting civilians     180
Saving the victims of violence in the 1990s     191
Advantages and disadvantages of military intervention to save the victims of violence     218
Summary     220
Various forms of saving civilian victims     184
Defeating the perpetrators of violence     222
Strategies for defeating the perpetrators of violence     224
Defeating the perpetrators of violence in the 1990s     230
Advantages and disadvantages of military intervention to defeat the perpetrators of violence     262
Summary     265
Various outcomes of offensive action to defeat perpetrators of violence     226
The prospects for success and the limits of humanitarian intervention     267
Taking stock     270
Choosing among types and strategies     274
The limits of humanitarian military intervention     276
Concluding comments     280
Success and failure in humanitarian military intervention in the 1990s     272
Index     282

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