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Humans and Animals: A Geography of Coexistence

Humans and Animals: A Geography of Coexistence

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Overview

An engaging and at times sobering look at the coexistence of humans and animals in the 21st century and how their sometimes disparate needs affect environments, politics, economies, and culture worldwide.

There is an urgent need to understand human-animal interactions and relations as we become increasingly aware of our devastating impact on the natural resources needed for the survival of all animal species. This timely reference explores such topics as climate change and biodiversity, the impact of animal domestication and industrial farming on local and global ecosystems, and the impact of human consumption of wild species for food, entertainment, medicine, and social status. This volume also explores the role of pets in our lives, advocacy movements on behalf of animals, and the role of animals in art and media culture.

Authors Julie Urbanik and Connie L. Johnston introduce the concept of animal geography, present different aspects of human-animal relationships worldwide, and highlight the importance of examining these interconnections. Alphabetical entries illustrate key relationships, concepts, practices, and animal species. The book concludes with a comprehensive appendix of select excerpts from key primary source documents relating to animals and a glossary.


  • Includes excerpts from 20 primary source documents related to animals
  • Offers a comprehensive look at a variety of aspects of human-animal relationships
  • Discusses how human actions affect the survival of other species, such as the northern spotted owl and bluefin tuna



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781440838347
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 01/26/2017
Pages: 466
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Julie Urbanik, PhD, is an independent scholar, creative geographer, and cofounder of the animal geography specialty group of the Association of American Geographers.

Connie L. Johnston, PhD, is an adjunct professor with the DePaul University Department of Geography.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Introduction xi

Entries

Advertising, Animals in 1

Advocacy 3

Agency 6

Animal Assisted Activities 8

Animal Assisted Therapy 10

Animal Cultures 14

Animal Geography 16

Animal Law 18

Animal Liberation Front (ALF) 20

Animals 23

Anthropomorphism 25

Aquaculture 28

Aquariums 30

Art, Animals in 33

Bees 36

Bestiality 39

Biodiversity 41

Biogeography 44

Biotechnology 46

Black Market Animal Trade 49

Bluefin Tuna 51

Body Modification 53

Bovine Growth Hormone 56

Breed Specific Legislation 59

Bullfighting 61

Bushmeat 64

Canadian Seal Hunt 68

Canned Hunting 70

Cats 72

Chimpanzees 75

Circuses 77

Climate Change 80

Cockroaches 82

Communication and Language 85

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) 88

Coral Reefs 91

Cruelty 93

Deforestation 97

Designer Breeds 99

Dissection 101

Dogs 103

Dolphins 105

Domestication 108

Domestic Violence and Animal Cruelty 110

Earthworms 113

Eastern Religions, Animals in 115

Ecotourism 118

Elephants 120

Emotions, Animal 122

Empathy 125

Endangered Species 127

Ethics 130

Ethology 133

Evolution 135

Exotic Pets 137

Extinction 140

Factory Farming 143

Feral Animals 146

Fighting for Human Entertainment 148

Fisheries 151

Fishing 153

Flagship Species 156

Fox Hunting 158

Fur/Fur Farming 161

Geography 164

Great Apes 166

Greyhound Racing 169

Habitat Loss 172

Hoarding, Animal 174

Horse Racing 176

Horses 179

Human-Animal Bond 182

Human-Animal Studies 185

Humane Education 187

Humane Farming 189

Humans 191

Human-Wildlife Conflict 194

Hunting 196

Husbandry 199

Hybrid 201

Indicator Species 204

Indigenous Religions, Animals in 206

Indigenous Rights 208

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) 211

Intelligence 214

Invasive Species 216

Ivory Trade 219

Keystone Species 223

Literature, Animals in 226

Livestock 228

Mad Cow Disease 231

Marine Mammal Parks 233

Meat Eating 236

Meat Packing 239

Microbes 240

Military Use of Animals 242

Mosquitoes 245

Multispecies Ethnography 247

Non-Food Animal Products 250

Northern Spotted Owl 252

Nuisance Species 255

OncoMouse 258

Pastoralism 261

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) 263

Personhood 266

Pets 268

Pit Bulls 271

Poaching 273

Polar Bears 275

Popular Media, Animals in 278

Puppy Mills 281

Race and Animals 284

Research and Experimentation 286

Rights 289

Sentience 292

Service Animals 294

Sharks 297

Shelters and Sanctuaries 299

Slaughter 302

Social Construction 304

Spay and Neuter 306

Species 309

Speciesism 312

Stereotypic Behavior 314

Taxidermy 317

Taxonomy 320

Tigers 322

Tracking 324

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) 327

Trophy Hunting 330

Veganism 333

Vegetarianism 335

Veterinary Medicine 338

Vivisection 341

Welfare 344

Western Religious, Animals in 346

Whaling 348

Wildlife 351

Wildlife Forensics 353

Wildlife Management 355

Wildlife Rehabilitation and Rescue 357

Wolves 360

Working Animals 363

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) 366

Xenotransplantation 369

Zoogeomorphology 372

Zoology 374

Zoonotic Diseases 377

Zoophilia 379

Zoos 381

Primary Documents

1 Animal Damage Control Act (1931) 385

2 Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act (2006) 386

3 Animal Liberation by Peter Singer (1975) 388

4 Animal Welfare Act (1966, with amendments through 2014) 389

5 The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness (2012) 391

6 The Case for Animal Rights by Tom Regan (1983) 393

7 Commission of Patents v. President and Fellows of Harvard College (2002) 394

8 Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) 396

9 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (1975) 397

10 U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) (1973) 399

11 The Five Freedoms (1979) 400

12 Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (3 978) 402

13 The International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) (1946) 403

14 International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List Categories and Criteria (2001) 405

15 Kinshasa Declaration on Great Apes (2005) 408

16 Livestock's Long Shadow-Report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2006) 409

17 On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin (1859) 411

18 U.S. Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act (2006) 413

19 The Sexual Politics of Meat by Carol Adams (1990) 415

20 Treaty of Amsterdam (1997) 416

Glossary 419

Selected Bibliography 423

About the Contributors 429

Index 441

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