Hunter and Hunted: Relationships between Carnivores and People

Hunter and Hunted: Relationships between Carnivores and People

ISBN-10:
0521814103
ISBN-13:
9780521814102
Pub. Date:
10/01/2002
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press

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Overview

Hunter and Hunted: Relationships between Carnivores and People

Humans have mixed emotions concerning carnivores. We admire them as beautiful hunters, cosset them as pets and working animals, hunt them and use their pelts and other products in clothing, medicines and cosmetics. However, they are also responsible for killing us and our livestock, carry disease and compete with us for space and food. While some advocate the conservation of predators such as wolves and tigers, others see them as vermin and want them gone. Illustrated with specially commissioned drawings, it deals with the wild beauty of carnivores and their conservation, but also with pets, sport, furs and medicine, maneaters and sheep killers, explaining in simple terms what the role of carnivores is in nature, their impacts on human lives, our art and literature, and how and why we instinctively respond to them.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780521814102
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 10/01/2002
Pages: 260
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
1Turning the other cheek1
Conundrum1
What is a carnivore?5
Carnivore groups in the modern world9
Vulnerability17
2Carnivore society: hermits and communes21
Social systems, groups and territories
Collaborators in the hunt24
Society28
Resources and territories34
3The quarry of the hunter41
Carnivore diet and hunting behaviour
Diet41
Hunting behaviour46
Surplus killing and caching50
4Man the hunted55
Maneaters
Tiger56
Leopard59
Lion60
Cougar63
Spotted hyaena64
Bears66
Wolf69
Domestic and captive animals74
Predation on people: a synthesis74
5Competitors and carriers79
Predation on game and livestock
In pursuit of game80
Killing livestock84
Transmitting disease to people and livestock93
Other damage from carnivores99
6History of a conflict103
Carnivores and the first hominids
Predation on early mankind103
Early carnivores107
Hunting and scavenging in early hominid evolution112
Carnivore extinctions and Homo114
7What is the use?117
Carnivores as food, for medicine, perfumes, sport, tourism and the fur trade
Carnivores as food117
Medicinal uses and scent121
Targets for sport125
Carnivores and ecotourism129
Fur trade129
8Wolves with human souls: pets137
Dogs and cats as working animals and companions
Pets in past and present137
Trained to work139
Dogs and cats as companions142
Why carnivores, why dogs and cats?144
Pets and conservation146
9Carnivores and neighbours: effects on prey149
Effects on other species, and introduced exotics
'Balance' between predators and prey149
Predation in communities151
Limited numbers of carnivores156
Artificial immigration: introducing predators159
10Crying wolf: anti-predator behaviour165
Anti-carnivore behaviour of animals and man
Anti-predator behaviour of birds166
Anti-predator behaviour of hoofed mammals171
Responses to predator competitors173
Anti-predator behaviour of mankind174
11Carnivores in culture181
Carnivores in fable, religion, art and heraldry
Carnivores in classical literature181
Witchcraft186
Religion188
Heraldry192
Carnivores in pictures195
12The future201
Effects of humans on carnivores: urbanization and survival
Urban dwellers201
Carnivores under threat204
Epilogue: Changing views of carnivores, individuality and conservation221
References227
Index241

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