The media constantly bombard us with news of health hazards lurking in our everyday lives, but many of these hazards turn out to have been greatly overblown. According to author and epidemiologist Geoffrey C. Kabat, this hyping of low-level environmental hazards leads to needless anxiety and confusion on the part of the public concerning which exposures have important effects on health and which are likely to have minimal or no effect.
Kabat approaches health scares as "social facts" and shows that a variety of factors can contribute to the inflating of a hazard. These include skewed reporting by the media, but also, surprisingly, the actions of researchers who may emphasize certain findings while ignoring others; regulatory and health agencies eager to show their responsiveness to the health concerns of the public; and politicians and advocates with a stake in a particular outcome.
By means of four case studies, Kabat demonstrates how a powerful confluence of interests can lead to overstating or distorting the scientific evidence. He considers the health risks of pollutants such as DDT as a cause of breast cancer, electromagnetic fields from power lines, radon within residences, and secondhand tobacco smoke. Tracing the trajectory of each of these hazards from its initial emergence to the present, Kabat shows how publication of more rigorous studies and critical assessments ultimately help put hazards in perspective.
|Publisher:||Columbia University Press|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||3 MB|
About the Author
Table of Contents
1. introduction: Toward a Sociology of Health Hazards in Daily Life
2. Epidemiology: Its Uses, Strengths, and Limitations
3. Does the Environment Cause Breast Cancer?
4. Electromagnetic Fields: The Rise and Fall of a "Pervasive Threat"
5. The Science and Politics of Residential Radon
6. The Controversy Over Passive Smoking: A Casualty of the "Tobacco Wars"
Appendix A: List of Interviews
Appendix B: How Findings Can Be Reported in a Way That Puts Them in Perspective
What People are Saying About This
Hyping Health Risks provides a valuable counterpoint to the confusion and paranoia that seems to grow proportionate to the constant barrage of health risk studies. Examining four of the most persistent and controversial issues in public health, Kabat's lucid and well-written book gives the lay reader all the basic concepts and epidemiological tools she needs to understand the available evidence. His presentation allows us to better discriminate between what matters to our health and what matters to the 'hypers'-a wide array of stakeholders, some well-intentioned, some much less so.
Ernest Drucker, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine