Ideals and Ideologies / Edition 6

Ideals and Ideologies / Edition 6

ISBN-10:
0321396537
ISBN-13:
9780321396532
Pub. Date:
12/29/2005
Publisher:
Longman
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780321396532
Publisher: Longman
Publication date: 12/29/2005
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 480
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 9.34(h) x 0.72(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface to the Fifth Edition v

About the Editors vi

Introduction vii

Part ONE

The Concept of Ideology 1

1 Terrell Carver–Ideology: The Career of a Concept 3

Part two

The Democratic Ideal 11

2 Euripides–Democracy and Despotism 14

3 Pericles–Funeral Oration 16

4 Aristotle–Democratic Judgment and the “Middling” Constitution 21

5 Niccolò Machiavelli–What’s Wrong with Princely Rule? 26

6 John Adams–What Is a Republic? 30

7 Bill of Rights of the United States 36

8 Alexis de Tocqueville–Democracy and Equality 38

9 John Stuart Mill–Democratic Participation and Political Education 46

10 Michael Walzer–Town Meetings and Workers’ Control 53

11 Danielle Allen–Democracy and the Power of Education 62

Part three

Liberalism 69

12 Thomas Hobbes–The State of Nature and the Basis of Obligation 72

13 John Locke–Toleration and
Government 79

14 Thomas Paine–Government, Rights, and the Bonds Between Generations 94

15 Declaration of Independence of the United States 98

16 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens 101

17 Adam Smith–Private Profit, Public
Good 104

18 Immanuel Kant–Freedom and Enlightenment 107

19 John Stuart Mill–Liberty and
Individuality 110

20 William Graham Sumner–According to the Fitness of Things 117

21 T. H. Green–Liberalism and Positive Freedom 121

22 Donald Allen–Paternalism vs. Democracy: A Libertarian View 125

23 Murray Rothbard–Libertarian
Anarchism 129

24 Philip Selznick–The Communitarian Persuasion 133

Part four

Conservatism 143

25 Edmund Burke–Society, Reverence, and the “True Natural Aristocracy” 145

26 Joseph de Maistre–Conservatism as Reaction 152

27 William Wordsworth–The Poet as Conservative 156

28 José Ortega y Gasset–Revolt of the Masses 159

29 Michael Oakeshott–On Being Conservative 163

30 Robert H. Bork–Modern Liberalism and Cultural Decline 176

31 Irving Kristol---The Neoconservative Persuasion 184

32 James Dobson ---Standing Strong in a Confused Culture

Part five

Socialism and Communism: More to Marx 195

33 Thomas More–Utopia 197

34 Robert Owen–Address to the Inhabitants of New Lanark 204

35 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels–The Communist Manifesto 208

36 Karl Marx–On the Materialist Conception of History 221

Part six

Socialism and Communism After Marx 223

37 Eduard Bernstein–Evolutionary
Socialism 225

38 V. I. Lenin–Revisionism, Imperialism, and Revolution 231

39 Leon Trotsky–The Permanent
Revolution 244

40 Mao Zedong–On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship 248

41 Mikhail Bakunin–Anarcho-Communism vs. Marxism 258

42 Emma Goldman–Anarchism: What It Really Stands For 261

43 Edward Bellamy–Looking
Backward 275

44 Michael Yates---Can the Working Class Change the World?

Part seven

Fascism 295

45 Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau–Civilization and Race 297

46 Benito Mussolini–The Doctrine of Fascism 304

47 Alfredo Rocco–The Political Theory of Fascism 312

48 Adolf Hitler–Nation and Race 318

Part eight

Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity 335

49 Martin Luther King, Jr.–Letter from Birmingham Jail 338

50 Steve Biko–Black Consciousness and the Quest for a True Humanity 349

51 Mary Wollstonecraft–A Vindication of the Rights of Women 355

52 Olympe de Gouges---Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

53 Sarah Grimké–Letters on the Equality of the Sexes 360

54 Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions 368

55 Marilyn Frye–Oppression 372

56 John Corvino–Homosexuality: The Nature and Harm Arguments 381

57 Ward Churchill–I Am Indigenist 390

58 Gustavo Gutierrez–Liberation
Theology 396

59 Peter Singer–All Animals Are Equal 402

Part nine

“Green” Politics: Ecology as Ideology 413

60 Aldo Leopold–The Land Ethic 416

61 Wendell Berry–Getting Along with Nature 427

62 Dave Foreman–Putting the Earth
First 435

63 Vandana Shiva–Women in Nature 441

Part ten

Radical Islam 449

64 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini–Islamic Government 452

65 Abd al-Salam Faraj–The Neglected
Duty 465

66 Osama bin Laden et al.---Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders

Part eleven

Globalization and the Future of Ideology

67 John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge---The Hidden Promise of Globalization

68 Patrick Buchanan---Globalization Is Economic Treason

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