ISBN-10:
0865425418
ISBN-13:
9780865425415
Pub. Date:
12/27/2000
Publisher:
Wiley
Igneous Petrology / Edition 1

Igneous Petrology / Edition 1

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Overview

Igneous Petrology provides up-to-date, integrated, comprehensive coverage of physical and chemical facets of magmatic rocks and magma systems. Field relations and fabrics of rocks together with their mineralogical, chemical and isotopic compositions facilitate interpretation of rock origin. The dynamic evolution of magma systems is considered from thermodynamics and from their chemical, physical and kinetic properties. Sources of magmas and how they are generated and subsequently evolve are considered in the context of global tectonics. The textbook stresses petrologic processes while also providing thorough descriptions of rock products suitable for the undergraduate student.

  • Organized in terms of chemical and physical phenomena.
  • Includes new insights into intrusive and volcanic processes-especially, explosive volcanism in field petrology.
  • Contains new data in physical petrology.
  • Focuses on the latest research of magma properties and experimental and theoretical modeling.
  • Consists of new coverage of trace element characterization of rock associations and modeling.
  • Well illustrated text with a 6-page, 4-color insert.
  • For ease of use, the quantitative material is set aside in boxes and in certain chapters.
  • Features "Fundamental questions considered in the chapter" which provide a brief, chapter preview.
  • "Critical thinking questions" allow the students to expand their command of the subject.
  • Contains a comprehensive glossary along with a list of cited references.
  • Additional problem sets will be available on the web.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780865425415
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 12/27/2000
Pages: 480
Product dimensions: 8.00(w) x 11.05(h) x 1.09(d)

Table of Contents

1. Overview Of Fundamental Concepts.

Petrotectonic Associations.

Energy And The Mantle Heat Energy.

Thermodynamics.

Kinetics.

Rock Properties.

Rock Classification.

How Petrologists Study Rocks.

2. Compositional Aspects Of Magmatic Rocks.

Analytical Procedures.

Mineral Composition Of Magmatic Rocks.

Chemical Composition Of Magmatic Rocks.

Classification Of Magmatic Rocks.

Trace Elements.

Isotopes.

3. Thermodynamics And Kinetics: An Introduction.

Why Is Thermodynamics Important?.

Elementary Concepts Of Thermodynamics.

Stability (Phase) Diagrams.

Thermodynamics Of Solutions: Some Basic Concepts.

Application Of Thermodynamics To Solutions.

Kinetics.

4. Silicate Melts And Volatile.

Nature Of Magma.

Thermodynamics Of Solutions: Some Basic Concepts.

Volatile Fluids In Melts.

Consequences Of Fluid Exsolution From Melts.

5. Crystal-Melt Equilibria In Magmatic Systems.

Phase Diagrams.

Melting Of A Pure Mineral And Polymorphism.

Phase Relations In Binary Systems.

Crystal-Melt Equilibria In Natural Basalt Magmas.

Feldspar-Melt Equilibria.

Crystal-Melt Equilibria Of Other Common Rock-Forming Mineral Systems.

Geothermometers And Geobarometers.

A Brief Comment Regarding Subsolidus Reactions In Magmatic Rocks.

6. Chemical Dynamic Of Melts.

Viscosity Of Melts.

Chemical Diffusion.

Diffusion Of Heat: Conduction.

Interfacial Energy.

Kinetics Of Crystallization.

Vesiculation And Fragmentation Of Magma.

7. Fabrics Of Magmatic Rocks.

Fabric Related To Crystallization Paths.

Fabrics Caused By Nonexplosive Exsolution Of Volatile Fluids.

Volcaniclastic Fabric.

Anisotropic Fabric.

8. Physical And Thermal Dynamics Of Magmas.

Stress And Deformation.

Rheology Of Rocks And Magmas.

Density Of Magma Buoyancy.

Conductive Heat Transfer.

Advective Heat Transfer.

Magma Convection.

9. Magma Ascent And Emplacement: Field Relations Of Intrusions.

Movement Of Magma In The Earth.

Diking: Formation Of Sheet Intrusions.

Diapirism.

Magma Emplacement In The Crust.

10. Magma Extrusion: Field Relations Of Volcanic Rock Bodies.

Overview Of Extrusions: Controls And Factors.

Effusions Of Basaltic Lava.

Effusions Of Silicic Lava.

Explosive Eruption.

Other Volcaniclastic Deposits.

11. Magma Generation And Diversification.

Melting Of Solid Rock: Changes In P, T, And X.

Mantle Source Rock.

Generation Of Magma In Mantle Rock, Chiefly Peridotite.

Magma Generation In The Sub-Arc Mantle.

Magma Generation In The Continental Crust.

Overview Of Magmatic Diversification.

Using Variation Diagrams To Characterise Diversification Processes.

Closed-System Magmatic Differentiation.

Open-System Diversification: Hybrid Magmas.

12. Global Magmatism: Petrotectonic Associations.

Oceanic Spreading Ridges And Related Basaltic Rocks.

Mantle Plumes And Ocean Island Volcanic Rocks.

Large Igneous Provinces: Plume Heads.

Continental Basaltic Intrusions.

13. Petrotectonic Associations In Subduction Zones, Continental Rifts, And Stable Cratons.

Oceanic Island Arcs.

Ophiolite.

Calc-Alkaline Continental Margin Magmatic Arcs.

Continental - Continent Collision: Peraluminous Leucogranities In The Himalayas.

Anorogenic A-Type Felsic Rocks.

Granite And Granites.

Continenta Rift Associations: Bimodal And Alkaline Rocks.

Alkaline Orphans, Mostly In Stable Cratons

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