Imagination is a complex and ambiguous culture-making power, which, while central to politics, is a rather marginal concept in contemporary political theory. By drawing on works of modern and contemporary Continental political philosophers, this book addresses how imagination can be both a source of freedom and domination in liberal-democratic politics, and argues for a benign public employment of images and narratives in a global world of diverse cultures. The challenge is not to keep contemporary politics clear of images, but to better distinguish between benign and malign uses of creativity in the public realm.
This distinction is important because the language employed by the participants in the complex cultural dialogue that characterizes modern plural societies is constituted by metaphors and myths, which form their perceptions and sensibilities. The embedment of communicative practices in a society’s imaginary brings an ambivalent psychological and emotional potential into democratic politics. Modern liberal-democracies can shift the public employment of imagination either in a direction that increases the autonomous capacity of individuals to engage culture and language in a creative and interactive manner in the construction of their identities, or in a direction that increases fascination with images and myths and, consequently, the escapist desire to pull these out of the living dialogue with others.
Turning the public work of creativity in the first direction requires a conscious change in the modern social imaginary. This can be achieved through the aesthetic cultivation of an ethical productive imagination: both analogical and explorative, both empathic and reflective. While capable of creatively giving utopian impetus to politics, this imagination would also stir the individuals’ responsiveness to the particularity of others and to their capacity to be equal and free partners in the making of a common world. An important avenue in achieving this objective in modern liberal-democracies will be provided by the capacity of literary works to open up public spaces of dialogue. There the renewal of the metaphors and myths that frame individual and collective identities in a society can have transformative effects that increase the individuals’ ability for cross cultural understanding.
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About the Author
Mihaela Czobor-Lupp is assistant professor of political science at Carleton College.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Why Does Liberal-Democratic Politics Need Imagination?
Chapter One: The Dangers and Promises of Imagination in Politics
Chapter Two: Habermas and Bakhtin: Discourse Ethics, Imagination, and Intercultural Understanding
Chapter Three: Arendt on the World-Creating Power of Imagination as an Antidote to the Totalitarian Temptations of Politics
Chapter Four: Kant and Schiller on the Civil Power of Imagination
Chapter Five: Herder on the Role of Imagination, Language, and Culture in the Formation of Humanity
Chapter Six: Nietzsche on the Role of Imagination in Modern Liberal-Democracies
Chapter Seven: Heidegger on Political Aestheticism and Poetic Care
Conclusions: The Promise of Benign Public Imagination for the Contemporary World