This volume, which brings together research by leading economists and labor market specialists, examines the role immigrants play in the U.S. workforce, how they fare in good and bad economic times, and the effects they have on native-born workers and the labor sectors in which they are engaged. The book traces the powerful economic forces at play in today's globalized world and includes policy prescriptions for making the American immigration system more responsive to labor market needs.
Chapters examine employment outcomes for low-skilled, middle-skilled, and high-skilled workers; assess the economic effects of illegal immigration; trace immigrants' trajectories in the construction, health care, hospitality, and information technology sectors; and detail the impact of immigration in recession and economic expansion.
Immigrants in a Changing Labor Market is the product of the Migration Policy Institute's (MPI) Labor Markets Initiative, which provides a comprehensive, policy-focused review of the role of immigration in the labor market. The initiative produces detailed policy recommendations on how the United States should rethink its immigration policy in the light of what is known about the economic impact of immigrationbearing in mind the current context of the economic crisis, growing income inequality, concerns about the effect of globalization on U.S. competitiveness, the competition for highly skilled migrants, and demographic and technological change.
Contributors include: Jeanne Batalova (MPI), Michael Fix (MPI), Gordon H. Hanson (University of CaliforniaSan Diego), Harry J. Holzer (Georgetown Public Policy Institute), Pia M. Orrenius (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas), Demetrios G. Papademetriou (MPI), Giovanni Peri (University of CaliforniaDavis), Madeleine Sumption (MPI), and Madeline Zavodny (Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA))
|Publisher:||Brookings Institution Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)|
About the Author
Michael Fix is senior vice president and director of studies at the Migration Policy Institute (MPI). Demetrios G. Papademetriou is the president and cofounder of MPI. Madeleine Sumption is a policy analyst at MPI.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Immigrants in a Changing Labor Market: An Overview Michael Fix Demetrios G. Papademetriou Madeleine Sumption 1
Part 1 What Kind of Immigration Policy Does the Us Economy Need?
Chapter 1 Immigration Policy and Less-Skilled Workers in the United States: Reflections on Future Directions for Reform Harry J. Holzer 19
Chapter 2 The Economics of Illegal Immigration in the United States: Policy Implications Gordon H. Hanson 53
Chapter 3 The Impact of Immigrants in Recession and Economic Expansion Giovanni Peri 69
Chapter 4 The Elusive Idea of Labor-Market 'Shortages' and the US Approach to Employment-Based Immigration Policy Madeleine Sumption 93
Part 2 New Barriers to Immigrant Integration in a Weak Economy
Chapter 5 How Immigrants and US Natives Fare during Recessions and Recoveries Pia M. Orrenius Madeline Zavodny 123
Chapter 6 Eroding Gains: The Recession's Impact on Immigrants in Middle-Skilled Jobs Jeanne Batalova Michael Fix 167
About the Editors and Authors 201
About the Labor Markets Initiative 207