Immigration and the Remaking of Black America

Immigration and the Remaking of Black America


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Over the last four decades, immigration from the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa to the U. S. has increased rapidly. In several states, African immigrants are now major drivers of growth in the black population. While social scientists and commentators have noted that these black immigrants’ social and economic outcomes often differ from those of their native-born counterparts, few studies have carefully analyzed the mechanisms that produce these disparities. In Immigration and the Remaking of Black America, sociologist and demographer Tod Hamilton shows how immigration is reshaping black America. He weaves together interdisciplinary scholarship with new data to enhance our understanding of the causes of socioeconomic stratification among both the native-born and newcomers.
Hamilton demonstrates that immigration from the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa is driven by selective migration, meaning that newcomers from these countries tend to have higher educational attainment than those who stay behind. As a result, they arrive in the U.S. with some advantages over native-born blacks, and, in some cases, over whites. He also shows the importance of historical context: prior to the Civil Rights Movement, black immigrants’ socioeconomic outcomes resembled native-born blacks’ much more closely, regardless of their educational attainment in their country of origin. Today, however, certain groups of black immigrants have better outcomes than native-born black Americans—such as lower unemployment rates and higher rates of homeownership—in part because they immigrated at a time of expanding opportunities for minorities and women in general. Hamilton further finds that rates of marriage and labor force participation among native-born blacks that move away from their birth states resemble those of many black immigrants, suggesting that some disparities within the black population stem from processes associated with migration, rather than from nativity alone.
Hamilton argues that failing to account for this diversity among the black population can lead to incorrect estimates of the social progress made by black Americans and the persistence of racism and discrimination. He calls for future research on racial inequality to disaggregate different black populations. By richly detailing the changing nature of black America, Immigration and the Remaking of Black America helps scholars and policymakers to better understand the complexity of racial disparities in the twenty-first century.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780871544070
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date: 05/15/2019
Edition description: 1
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 1,148,185
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range: 3 Months to 18 Years

About the Author

Tod G. Hamilton is assistant professor of sociology and a faculty associate of the Office of Population Research at Princeton University.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

About the Author xv

Foreword Douglas S. Massey xvii

Preface and Acknowledgments xxiii

Part I Setting the Stage: The Social and Demographic Landscape 1

Chapter 1 Introduction 3

Chapter 2 A Demographic Portrait of Black America 21

Part II Understanding Social and Economic Disparities between Black Immigrants and Black Americans: Toward a More Comprehensive Framework 45

Chapter 3 Theoretical Considerations 47

Chapter 4 Historical and Contemporary Labor Market Disparities 85

Chapter 5 Achieving the American Dream: Past and Present Homeownership Disparities 147

Part III Expanding the Discussion 173

Chapter 6 Health Disparities 175

Chapter 7 Forming Unions and Crossing Racial-Ethnic Boundaries 190

Chapter 8 Conclusion 224

Methodological Appendix 237

Notes 245

References 259

Index 277

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