Fuchs shows how popular Pakistani preachers and scholars have boldly tapped into the esoteric potential of Shi'ism, occupying a creative and at times disruptive role as brokers, translators, and self-confident pioneers of contemporary Islamic thought. They have indigenized the Iranian Revolution and formulated their own ideas for fulfilling the original promise of Pakistan. Challenging typical views of Pakistan as a mere Shi'i backwater, Fuchs argues that its complex religious landscape represents how a local, South Asian Islam may open up space for new intellectual contributions to global Islam. Yet religious ideology has also turned Pakistan into a deadly battlefield: sectarian groups since the 1980s have been bent on excluding Shi'is as harmful to their own vision of an exemplary Islamic state.
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Exciting, stimulating, and convincing, this richly conceived study of the Shi'a in the Indian subcontinent raises crucial points about transnational links, religious authority, and doctrinal positioning. Easy and fluid reading, it will appeal to a broad range of readers interested in Islam and its global and transnational history, as well as those focused on Pakistan and South Asia, Shi'ism, and sectarianism—a crucial issue today."—Sabrina Mervin, French National Center for Scientific Research, Paris