From the bestselling author of The Vagina Monologues and one of Newsweek's 150 Women Who Changed the World, a visionary memoir of separation and connection—to the body, the self, and the world
Playwright, author, and activist Eve Ensler has devoted her life to the female body—how to talk about it, how to protect and value it. Yet she spent much of her life disassociated from her own body—a disconnection brought on by her father's sexual abuse and her mother's remoteness. "Because I did not, could not inhabit my body or the Earth," she writes, "I could not feel or know their pain."
But Ensler is shocked out of her distance. While working in the Congo, she is shattered to encounter the horrific rape and violence inflicted on the women there. Soon after, she is diagnosed with uterine cancer, and through months of harrowing treatment, she is forced to become first and foremost a body—pricked, punctured, cut, scanned. It is then that all distance is erased. As she connects her own illness to the devastation of the earth, her life force to the resilience of humanity, she is finally, fully—and gratefully—joined to the body of the world.
Unflinching, generous, and inspiring, Ensler calls on us all to embody our connection to and responsibility for the world.
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About the Author
Eve Ensler is an internationally bestselling author and an award-winning playwright whose works include The Vagina Monologues, The Good Body, Insecure at Last, and I Am an Emotional Creature, since adapted for the stage as Emotional Creature. She is the founder of V-Day, the global movement to end violence against women and girls, which has raised more than $90 million for local groups and activists, and inspired the global action One Billion Rising. Ensler lives in Paris and New York City.
Read an Excerpt
In the Body of the World
By Eve Ensler
Henry Holt and CompanyCopyright © 2013 Eve Ensler
All rights reserved.
A mother's body against a child's body makes a place. It says you are here. Without this body against your body there is no place. I envy people who miss their mother. Or miss a place or know something called home. The absence of a body against my body created a gap, a hole, a hunger. This hunger determined my life.
I have been exiled from my body. I was ejected at a very young age and I got lost. I did not have a baby. I have been afraid of trees. I have felt the Earth as my enemy. I did not live in the forests. I lived in the concrete city where I could not see the sky or sunset or stars. I moved at the pace of engines and it was faster than my own breath. I became a stranger to myself and to the rhythms of the Earth. I aggrandized my alien identity and wore black and felt superior. My body was a burden. I saw it as something that unfortunately had to be maintained. I had little patience for its needs.
* * *
The absence of a body against my body made attachment abstract. Made my own body dislocated and unable to rest or settle. A body pressed against your body is the beginning of nest. I grew up not in a home but in a kind of free fall of anger and violence that led to a life of constant movement, of leaving and falling. It is why at one point I couldn't stop drinking and fucking. Why I needed people to touch me all the time. It had less to do with sex than location. When you press against me, or put yourself inside me. When you hold me down or lift me up, when you lie on top of me and I can feel your weight, I exist. I am here.
* * *
For years I have been trying to find my way back to my body, and to the Earth. I guess you could say it has been a preoccupation. Although I have felt pleasure in both the Earth and my body, it has been more as a visitor than as an inhabitant. I have tried various routes to get back. Promiscuity, anorexia, performance art. I have spent time by the Adriatic and in the green Vermont mountains, but always I have felt estranged, just as I was estranged from my own mother. I was in awe of her beauty but could not find my way in. Her breasts were not the breasts that fed me. Everyone admired my mother in her tight tops and leggings, with her hair in a French twist, as she drove through our small rich town in her yellow convertible. One gawked at my mother. One desired my mother. And so I gawked and desired the Earth and my mother, and I despised my own body, which was not her body. My body that I had been forced to evacuate when my father invaded and then violated me. And so I lived as a breathless, rapacious machine programmed for striving and accomplishment. Because I did not, could not, inhabit my body or the Earth, I could not feel or know their pain. I could not intuit their unwillingness or refusals, and I most certainly never knew the boundaries of enough. I was driven. I called it working hard, being busy, on top of it, making things happen. But in fact, I could not stop. Stopping would mean experiencing separation, loss, tumbling into a suicidal dislocation.
As I had no reference point for my body, I began to ask other women about their bodies, in particular their vaginas (as I sensed vaginas were important). This led me to writing The Vagina Monologues, which then led me to talking incessantly and obsessively about vaginas. I did this in front of many strangers. As a result of me talking so much about vaginas, women started telling me stories about their bodies. I crisscrossed the Earth in planes, trains, and jeeps. I was hungry for the stories of other women who had experienced violence and suffering. These women and girls had also become exiled from their bodies and they, too, were desperate for a way home. I went to over sixty countries. I heard about women being molested in their beds, flogged in their burqas, acid-burned in their kitchens, left for dead in parking lots. I went to Jalalabad, Sarajevo, Alabama, Port-au-Prince, Peshawar, Pristina. I spent time in refugee camps, in burned-out buildings and backyards, in dark rooms where women whispered their stories by flashlight. Women showed me their ankle lashes and melted faces, the scars on their bodies from knives and burning cigarettes. Some could no longer walk or have sex. Some became quiet and disappeared. Others became driven machines like me.
* * *
Then I went somewhere else. I went outside what I thought I knew. I went to the Congo and I heard stories that shattered all the other stories. In 2007 I landed in Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo. I heard stories that got inside my body. I heard about a little girl who couldn't stop peeing on herself because huge men had shoved themselves inside her. I heard about an eighty-year-old woman whose legs were broken and torn out of their sockets when the soldiers pulled them over her head and raped her. There were thousands of these stories. The stories saturated my cells and nerves. I stopped sleeping. All the stories began to bleed together. The raping of the Earth. The pillaging of minerals. The destruction of vaginas. They were not separate from each other or from me.
In the Congo there has been a war raging for almost thirteen years. Nearly eight million people have died and hundreds of thousands of women have been raped and tortured. It is an economic war fought over minerals that belong to the Congolese but are pillaged by the world. There are local and foreign militias from Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda. They enter villages and they murder. They rape wives in front of their husbands. They force the husbands and sons to rape their daughters and sisters. They shame and destroy families and take over the villages and the mines. The minerals are abundant in the Congo—tin, copper, gold, and coltain, which are used in our iPhones and PlayStations and computers.
Of course by the time I got to the Congo, I had witnessed the epidemic of violence toward women that scoured the planet, but the Congo was where I witnessed the end of the body, the end of humanity, the end of the world. Femicide, the systematic rape, torture, and destruction of women and girls, was being employed as a military/corporate tactic to secure minerals. Thousands and thousands of women were not only exiled from their bodies, but their bodies and the functions and futures of their bodies were rendered obsolete: wombs and vaginas permanently destroyed.
The Congo and the individual horror stories of her women consumed me. Here I began to see the future—a monstrous vision of global disassociation and greed that not only allowed but encouraged the eradication of the female species in pursuit of minerals and wealth. But I found something else here as well. Inside these stories of unspeakable violence, inside the women of the Congo, was a determination and a life force I had never witnessed. There was grace and gratitude, fierceness and readiness. Inside this world of atrocities and horror was a red-hot energy on the verge of being born. The women had hunger and dreams, demands and a vision. They conceived of a place, a concept, called City of Joy. It would be their sanctuary. It would be a place of safety, of healing, of gathering strength, of coming together, of releasing their pain and trauma. A place where they would declare their joy and power. A place where they would rise as leaders. I, along with my team and the board at V-Day, were committed to finding the resources and energy to help them build it. We would work with UNICEF to do the construction and then, after V-Day, would find the way to support it. The process of building was arduous and seemingly impossible—delayed by rain and lack of roads and electricity, corrupt building managers, poor oversight by UNICEF, and rising prices. We were scheduled to open in May, but on March 17, 2010, they discovered a huge tumor in my uterus.
* * *
Cancer threw me through the window of my disassociation into the center of my body's crisis. The Congo threw me deep into the crisis of the world, and these two experiences merged as I faced the disease and what I felt was the beginning of the end.
* * *
Suddenly the cancer in me was the cancer that is everywhere. The cancer of cruelty, the cancer of greed, the cancer that gets inside people who live downstream from chemical plants, the cancer inside the lungs of coal miners. The cancer from the stress of not achieving enough, the cancer of buried trauma. The cancer that lives in caged chickens and oil-drenched fish. The cancer of carelessness. The cancer in fast-paced must-make-it-have-it-smoke-it-own-it formaldehyde asbestos pesticides hair dye cigarettes cellphones now. My body was no longer an abstraction. There were men cutting into it and tubes coming out of it and bags and catheters draining it and needles bruising it and making it bleed. I was blood and poop and pee and puss. I was burning and nauseous and feverish and weak. I was of the body, in the body. I was body. Body. Body. Body. Cancer, a disease of pathologically dividing cells, burned away the walls of my separateness and landed me in my body, just as the Congo landed me in the body of the world.
* * *
Cancer was an alchemist, an agent of change. Don't get me wrong. I am no apologist for cancer. I am fully aware of the agony of this disease. I appreciate every medical advance that has enabled me to be alive right now. I wake up every day and run my hand over my torso-length scar and am in awe that I had doctors and surgeons who were able to remove the disease from my body. I am humbled that I got to live where there are CAT scan machines and chemotherapy and that I had the money to pay for them through insurance. Absolutely none of these things are givens for most people in the world. I am particularly grateful for the women of the Congo whose strength, beauty, and joy in the midst of horror insisted I rise above my self-pity. I know their ongoing prayers also saved my life. I am in awe that it happens to be 2012, not twenty years ago even. I am gratefully aware that at just about any other point in history I would have been dead at fifty-seven.
In his book, The Emperor of All Maladies, Siddhartha Mukherjee says, "Science is often described as an interactive and cumulative process, a puzzle solved piece by piece with each piece contributing a few hazy pixels to a much larger picture." Science, then, is not unlike a CAT scan, a three-dimensional magnetic electronic beam that captures images as it rotates around the body. Each image is separate but somehow the machine makes them seem like one.
This book is like a CAT scan—a roving examination—capturing images, experiences, ideas, and memories, all of which began in my body. Scanning is somehow the only way I could tell this story. Being cut open, catheterized, chemofied, drugged, pricked, punctured, probed, and ported made a traditional narrative impossible. Once you are diagnosed with cancer, time changes. It both speeds up insanely and stops altogether. It all happened fast. Seven months. Impressions. Scenes. Light beams. Scans.CHAPTER 2
THE BEGINNING OF THE END, OR IN YOUR LIVER
Dr. Sean, who has a dour demeanor, holds up my CAT scan. It's suddenly my bad report card, my dirty underwear, a map of the Congo, and each potential tumor site is a mine. He holds it there and I wait for the pointer stick (he is already wearing the white coat). "Here—your body. As you can see, there appear to be masses in your uterus, your colon, your rectum. There is shadowing in various nodes and there is something in your liver." "Something?" I say. What something would be in my liver? A spoon? A poker chip? A parakeet? What could there be in my liver? "There are spots. They could be cysts. There are sometimes cysts on the liver." Ew, cysts on my liver. "There is definitely something there. We won't know 'til we are in there," he says. In there? In my liver? You won't know if I have cancer in my liver until you are in there? "And what will you do if you find something?" I say. "We won't know until we find it."
It is bad news. The worst news. This is the worst day of my life. This is the day I am told I am going to die. My heart is racing. I know liver. Liver is it. I am a recovering alcoholic. I lived with a many-times-recovering alcoholic. He was one step away from cirrhosis. I know about the liver. Once the liver goes, the whole story goes. You can't live without a liver. But my liver would have healed. I stopped drinking almost thirty-four years ago. I quit smoking twenty years ago. I'm a vegetarian and an activist. I express my emotions a lot, and I've had an incredible amount of sex. I lift weights and walk everywhere, and it's in my liver. Oh my god, it's in my liver.
Then a calm comes over me, the same calm that used to descend as I approached a beating by my father. I am calm. I am not panicked. I am going to die. This is the beginning of the end. And I finally understand this feeling I have had all year. Not depression, no, I have not been depressed. This strange clarity/foreboding that I would not live. So strong was this sense that I talked about death all the time, reconciling myself to it. "If I die on this trip, it will be okay," I would say. "I have had a good life." I said this so often my son talked to his shrink. He was worried. He wanted me not to die and, more important, to stop talking as if I were about to die. The shrink said something about me being traumatized, depressed, and burned out by all the work I was doing in conflict zones. But I know things and I have sensed death in my body all year. I am not panicked and I am not even sorry for myself. Not at all. I have had an extraordinary life.
It is exactly the life I wanted. I have done what I wanted to do. I have seen the world. I have loved my son deeply, his children and my friends, and I have been loved. I wrote plays, and they meant things to some people, and I helped women, or I think I did. We leave the office and I hear myself calmly say to Toast, friend and assistant, intimate and manager, "I am going to the Congo tomorrow. I will need to let Mama C know when I am arriving." Toast looks at me like I am mad. "Excuse me?"
I say, "I am going to the Congo. The cancer is in my liver. You heard the doctor. You saw the CAT scan. Cancer in your liver means death. I need to see the women. I need to be with them in the Congo. I will be happy to die there." He says, "You are not going to the Congo. Your operation is in the morning. You need to be here. They will be operating on you." I say, "I am going," and he says, "You are not." "I am." "No, you're not." And it feels like we are yelling, but I am not sure we were yelling (Toast and I have never yelled in eight years), and it feels like we are wrestling but I don't think we were wrestling. "I am I am I am going to die in the Congo. I need to be there for the City of Joy. I made promises that I need to keep." He says, "They did not say it was definitely on your liver. They said they saw spots." "Spots is a euphemism, Toast. They couldn't say tumor. They couldn't say, 'We see hard lumpy cancer tumors on your liver.' They say spots. It is such a stupid word, spots. It makes you feel stupid just to say the word spots. Why couldn't they be forthright? Why couldn't they tell me the truth? I need the truth."
And we tumble out (not sure it was tumbling) into the hallway in the cancer building in cancer town, and we find two sickly-looking chairs, and we sit down and weep uncontrollably.
Excerpted from In the Body of the World by Eve Ensler. Copyright © 2013 Eve Ensler. Excerpted by permission of Henry Holt and Company.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Table of Contents
The Beginning of the End, or In Your Liver,
Dr. Deb, or Congocancer,
What We Don't Know Going into Surgery,
This Is Where You Will Cross the Uji River,
Uterus = Hysteria,
Falling, or Congo Stigmata,
Here's What's Gone,
How'd I Get It?,
The Rupture/The Gulf Spill,
Becoming Someone Else,
Beware of Getting the Best,
Arts and Crafts,
The Room with a Tree,
A Buzz Cut,
The Chemo Isn't for You,
Tara, Kali, and Sue,
The Obstruction, or How Tree Saved Me,
I Was That Girl Who Was Supposed to Be Dead, or How Pot Saved Me Later,
Riding the Lion,
Chemo Day Five,
On the Couch Next to Me,
I Love Your Hair, or The Last Time I Saw My Mother,
It Was a Beach, I Think,
Death and Tami Taylor,
A Burning Meditation on Love,
My Mother Dies,
Live by the Vagina, Die by the Vagina,
Farting for Cindy,
It Wasn't a Foreboding,
She Will Live,
Also by Eve Ensler,
About the Author,
This book will make you laugh, disgust you, inspire you, and make you see the world with new eyes. It is a paeon to women's bodies, hearts, and essential power to withstand the horrors of the modern corporate rapists of people and the earth. Not for the faint of heart.
I couldn't put this book down until it was finished. It was entertaining while helping me to come to terms with my own Ovarian Cancer which was avoided and missed by my gynae for 18 months. Along came my own angel who saved my life, for how long, I really don't know, do any of us know that? No! So I'm living my life to the full when I can and when I can't I read uplifting books like this one! Well done Eve, I'm going to buy another of your books, you write so well! xx
Review of In The Body of the World: A Memoir by Eve Ensler Eve Ensler has dedicated her life as an activist for human rights. Her memoir, In The Body of the World, is a deeply personal story of survival that extends beyond a subjective view to a global perspective on the female condition. Eve Ensler defined her value in society and her place on the planet with work that has measurable achievements, such as The Vagina Monologues, and she has many accolades, including Newsweek’s 150 Women Who Changed the World. Admittedly driven to look about, not within, she went to over sixty countries to hear their survivor stories. Of her experiences in the Congo, where wars over minerals have ravaged the Earth as well as women and girls, she writes, “The stories saturated my cells and nervous system.” As an outspoken warrior, Eve Ensler has not been afraid to voice her concerns about the oppression of women. She has developed connections around the world that serve to educate and empower. Yet she tells the reader that she has been disconnected from her body, as if she lived detached from her own flesh and blood. She explores the concept of this disassociation and examines its origins when she is diagnosed with uterine cancer. She was raised in a home that exploded with anger and violence; her father attacked her body while her mother retreated in distant silence. As a result, Eve says that she despised her body; she abused it with drugs, alcohol, and sex. Then, with the diagnosis of cancer, she summons her considerable courage to determine what, if any, relationship there is between child abuse and uterine cancer. What if the actual cancer is a manifestation of buried trauma? She asks, “How many women with vaginal and uterine and ovarian cancer have been raped or beaten or traumatized?” Ms. Ensler defines the theme of the book: “Cancer threw me through the window of my disassociation into the center of my body’s crisis. The Congo threw me deep into the crisis of the world, and these two experiences merged as I faced the disease and what I felt was the beginning of the end.” To face the disease is to encounter immortality and endure the brutal treatments. She experiences the poking, pushing, and prodding of examinations as likened to the incest she suffered: “It goes on forever, me screaming, him shoving the needle attached to the long thick tube. Then he is done. I lie there on the table, stunned.” For the reader, it is a stunning association, and one can not help but ponder beyond the irony to a possible correlation between trauma and cancer. Although her cancer treatment was torturous, it was not the end. Eve Ensler continued her work in the Congo to help create the City of Joy. But this is not an enjoyable read for the faint of heart. It is gut-wrenching in its honest approach, full of raw emotion and family relationships, and dares the readers to “turn our pain to power.”
Having worked in healthcare for 34 years I am well aware of what a human undergoes. Some of the worst procedures are hysterically described and deeply depersonalizing. However, Ms. Ensler makes one feel that she was the only who could describe the atrocities she was faced with. I am very glad that she is well but the short account of her endurance of her treatment process was inelegant and not helpful to someone who recognizes her name and is hoping for some emotional help as well as general medical knowledge of what she underwent. She could have written in a much quieter voice and still have told her story. She needs to remember that people need hope and a gentle voice - reading this book would make one wish for immediate death.
Beautiful book and beautiful woman!!
Amazing and inspirational. Eve Ensler is a brave, honest and gifted writer. She tells the story of her ordeal with cancer in such an inspiring way I was happy to be able to recommend this book to a friend fighting cancer. Thank you Eve for all you are doing to help women around the world and especially in the Congo. You are a true role model for all of us.
For someone who writes in excrutiating detail about other people's physical suffering, she comes across as shallow about her own emotional suffering. I admit that I am biased in that I know and love some of the people referenced in this book and have also lived with loved ones who lived with, and died while, suffering the monstrous indignities of cancer and the present day treatment. I deeply appreciate how this book will help prepare some individuals with the gruesomeness of dealing with cancer and the treatments that are currently available to us. Taken in its totality, however, and as admirable as her overall body of work people should be, both written and in action might be, I find this particular work, as a memoir, to be narcissistic and shallow.