Income Inequality: The Canadian Story

Income Inequality: The Canadian Story


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Rising income inequality has been at the forefront of public debate in Canada in recent years, yet there is still much to learn about the economic forces driving the distribution of earnings and income in this country and how they might evolve in the future. With research showing that the tax-and-transfer system is losing the ability to counteract income disparity, the need for policy-makers to understand the factors at play is all the more urgent. Income Inequality provides a comprehensive review of Canadian inequality trends, including changing earnings and income dynamics among the middle class and top earners, wage and job polarization across provinces, and persistent poverty among vulnerable groups. The Institute for Research on Public Policy (IRPP), in collaboration with the Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network (CLSRN), presents new evidence by some of the country?s leading experts on the impact of skills and education, unionization and labour relations laws, as well as the complex interplay of redistributive policies and politics over time. Amid growing anxieties about the economic prospects of the middle class, Income Inequality will serve to inform the public discourse on inequality, an issue that ultimately concerns all Canadians.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780886453299
Publisher: McGill-Queens University Press
Publication date: 02/08/2016
Series: Art of the State Series , #5
Pages: 588
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

David A. Green is a professor in the Vancouver School of Economics at the University of British Columbia and an IRPP research fellow. W. Craig Riddell is Royal Bank Faculty Research Professor in the Vancouver School of Economics at the University of Brit

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Income Inequality in Canada: Driving Forces, Outcomes and Policy David A. Green W. Craig Riddell France St-Hilaire 1

Part 1 Inequality Trends in Canada

Trends in Income Inequality in Canada and Elsewhere Andrew Heisz 77

Who Are Canada's Top 1 Percent? Thomas Lemieux W. Craig Riddell 103

What Has Happened to Middle-Class Earnings in Canada? Charles M. Beach 157

Poverty Dynamics among Vulnerable Groups in Canada Tony Fang Morley Gunderson 177

Consumption Inequality in Canada, 1997-2009 Sam Norris Krishna Pendakur 205

Part 2 Driving Forces and Outcomes

Has the Canadian Labour Market Polarized? David A. Green Benjamin M. Sand 217

Changes in Wage Inequality in Canada: An interprovinelal Perspective Nicole M. Fortin Thomas Lemieux 229

The Distributional Impacts of an Energy Boom in Western Canada Joseph Marchand 239

Immigration, Poverty and Income Inequality in Canada Garnett Picot Feng Hou 249

Technological Change and Declining Immigrants' Earnings Outcomes: Implications for Income inequality In Canada Casey Warman Christopher Worswick 287

What's So Bad about Increasing Inequality in Canada? Lars Osberg 299

Part 3 The Role of Policy

Why More Education Will Not Solve Rising Inequality (and May Make It Worse) Kelly Foley David A. Green 347

Can Labour Relations Reform Reduce Wage Inequality? Scott Legree Tammy Schirle Mikal Skuterud 399

The Role of Taxes and Transfers in Reducing Income Inequality Andrew Heisz Brian Murphy 435

Provincial Taxation of High Incomes: The Effects on Progressivity and Tax Revenue Kevin Milligan Michael Smart 479

Framing the New Inequality: The Politics of Income Redistribution in Canada Keith Banting John Myles 509

Notes on Contributors 541

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