A decade after the United States helped regional leaders coax the warring sides of Sudan and now South Sudan to end the decades-long war that displaced and killed millions, the very same type of violence has returned to the region under this new and independent leadership. The peace agreement signed in August, 2015, offers a vehicle by which the parties responsible for this catastrophe might change the trajectory of their country. Why has the leadership of the current president and the former vice president chosen to mimic the maligned policies of ethnic hatred and targeting of civilians to tear apart their newly independent country? With 1.6 million people displaced internally and an additional 750,000 having fled the country, how do these purported leaders justify their involvement in fomenting such bloodshed and the resulting humanitarian crisis? There are an unprecedented 4 level-3 humanitarian emergencies occurring right now in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and South Sudan that are testing the world's capacity to muster an effective response, despite the direct interference on the ground.