About 41,000 students are educated in Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools each year. The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) and the BIE are the only two federally-operated school systems operating in the United States. While they have no schools in Indian Country, the Department of Defense has approximately the same number of schools as the BIE. Yet their proposed replacement school construction budget for next year is $315 million, compared to the BIE's request of $2 million. Many Indian children excel at school, grow up to become teachers, business owners, doctors, lawyers, and government leaders. The Federal Government has important responsibilities in educating Indian children. But what we do not see is consistent, successful academic achievement at the BIE schools. It is critical that we make sure BIE students are getting the support they need to succeed in the classroom.