Indians, Oil, and Politics: A Recent History of Ecuador / Edition 1

Indians, Oil, and Politics: A Recent History of Ecuador / Edition 1

by Allen Gerlach
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Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
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Indians, Oil, and Politics: A Recent History of Ecuador / Edition 1

"It is indispensable that Ecuador has peace, but to have peace you need freedom and to have freedom you need justice. And the Indian population needs justice."-President Gustavo Noboa, January 23, 2000 For five centuries, the Indians had very little voice in Ecuador. Now they are major protagonists who seek more acceptable terms in which to coexist in a society with two vastly different world views and cultures-that of Indians and that of the descendants of Europeans. Their recent political uprising has become the most powerful and influential indigenous movement in Latin America. They have inspired other Indian movements throughout the continent. Author Allen Gerlach details the origins and evolution of the Indian rebellion, focusing on the key period of the last thirty years. In the process, he also presents a concise political history of Ecuador. Gerlach infuses his text with an abundant supply of quotations from participants in the rise in ethnic politics, bringing Ecuador's history and the Indians' opposition to the country's government to life. In addition, Indians, Oil, and Politics serves as a case study on what happens to a nation when its economy is based solely on one commodity-in this instance, oil. The discovery of oil in the Amazon in 1967 was a major factor in Ecuador's modernization and also sparked the Indians' fight for their rights. Oil wealth wreaked havoc on the environment and cultures of the native people of the Amazon, and it did not end old traditions of political fragmentation and corruption. Gerlach explains that the Indians fought back by forming federations to advance their interests and by joining forces with similar structures molded in the highlands of Ecuador. Together they created the country's first truly national indigenous organization in 1986-CONAIE (The Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador)-and by 2000 their movement was a major force to be reckoned with, one which increasingly influenced state policy. This book shows how the Indians he

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780842051088
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 02/28/2003
Series: Latin American Silhouettes Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 286
Product dimensions: 6.38(w) x 9.14(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Land and the People Chapter 2 Historical Background to 1972 Chapter 3 The Oil Era Chapter 4 The Emergence of the Indian Movement Chapter 5 Bucaram, Arteaga, and Alarcon Chapter 6 Jamil Mahuad Chapter 7 Levantamiento Indigena Chapter 8 Gustavo Noboa

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