Individual Differences, Stress, and Health Psychology presents recent research on how individual differences lead to the variety of reactions people display to stressors. These reactions are considered particularly in their relation to health and illness. Distinguished international researchers in health psychology speculate on the future of the field and its application to developing treatments or changes in lifestyles that may prevent or alleviate such disorders as cancer, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and post-traumatic stress syndrome. The volume makes a significant contribution to the study of the relation between stress and health processes.
Table of Contents1 The Impact of Certain Emotions in Cardiovascular Disorders.- Arrhythmias.- Sudden Cardiac Death.- Hypertension.- Anger and Hypertension.- Habits.- Anxiety and Cardiovascular Disease.- Mitral Valve Disease.- Type A Behavior Pattern and Ischemic Heart Disease.- 2 Hassles, Health, and Happiness.- Attitudes Toward Mental Health.- Stress, Anxiety, Vulnerability, and Illness.- Dynamic Interactionism.- Stress, Vulnerability, and Anxiety Research.- Hassles.- Stress, Biochemical Changes, and Illness.- Happiness and Optimism.- Conclusions.- 3 The Type A Behavior Pattern and Coronary Heart Disease: Physiological and Psychological Dimensions.- Physiological Dimensions of the Type A Behavior Pattern.- Psychological Dimensions of the Type A Behavior Pattern.- Conclusion.- 4 Sensation Seeking, Risk Taking, and Health.- Hypertension.- Smoking.- Reflections on Personality and Health.- 5 The Experience, Expression, and Control of Anger.- Anger, Hostility, and Aggression: The AHA! Syndrome.- The Expression of Anger.- Summary and Conclusions.- 6 Social Support, Personality, and Health.- Stress and Illness.- Social Support: Environmental and Individual Differences Perspectives.- Social Support and Illness.- Methodological and Research Needs.- What Is Social Support?.- 7 Personality and Stress as Causal Factors in Cancer and Coronary Heart Disease.- 8 Tempermental Dimensions as Co-Determinants of Resistance to Stress.- Sources of Individual Differences in Studying Stress.- Personality Dimensions as Sources of Individual Differences in Stress.- Reactivity as a Co-Determinant of Resistance to Stress.- Author Index.