Industrial Water Reuse and Wastwater Minimization

Industrial Water Reuse and Wastwater Minimization

Hardcover(BK&CD ROM)

$88.89 $99.95 Save 11% Current price is $88.89, Original price is $99.95. You Save 11%.
MARKETPLACE
4 New & Used Starting at $3.72

Overview

Money-saving water strategies for industry.In the U.S. alone, process industries, petrochemicals, pulp and paper, metals and minerals, and many others ù will generate over 120 million tons of wastewater by the year 2000. Industrial Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization, by James G. Mann and Y.A. Liu, describes water reuse and wastewater minimization principles and practices thatcan be used worldwide. Relatively easy to use and surprisingly inexpensive, the methods youÆll find in this important guide - particularly water-pinch technology ù are not only ecologically sound, but significantly lower manufacturing costs. Concepts are illustrated withabundant charts, tables, and real-life case studies. This resource includes a CD-ROM at no additional cost. Its Water/Target software generates freshwater use/wastewater generation targets, and suggests ways to reach them....lets you isolate bottlenecks limiting water reuse and find new reuse opportunities - all without the expense ofdetailed engineering designs.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780071348553
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 07/06/1999
Series: McGraw-Hill Professional Engineering Series
Edition description: BK&CD ROM
Pages: 450
Product dimensions: 7.63(w) x 9.58(h) x 1.73(d)

About the Author

McGraw-Hill authors represent the leading experts in their fields and are dedicated to improving the lives, careers, and interests of readers worldwide

McGraw-Hill authors represent the leading experts in their fields and are dedicated to improving the lives, careers, and interests of readers worldwide

Table of Contents

Preface xi(6)
Acknowledgments xvii(2)
Software Selection and References xix
Chapter 1. Introduction to Industrial Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization
1(28)
1.1 Introduction
1(1)
1.2 Case Studies: Lowering Cost and Decreasing Wastewater Production
1(6)
1.2.1 Typical Water Uses and Effluent-Treatment Systems
1(2)
1.2.2 Reported Commercial Applications
3(3)
1.2.3 A Petrochemical Complex
6(1)
1.3 Process Integration and Water-Pinch Technology
7(11)
1.3.1 Process Integration
7(6)
1.3.2 Water-Pinch Technology Concepts
13(5)
1.4 Strategies for Industrial Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization
18(5)
1.4.1 Conventional Water-Reuse Projects
20(1)
1.4.2 Planning and Execution of Industrial Projects Applying Water-Pinch Technology
21(1)
1.4.3 Succeeding with Water-Pinch Technology
22(1)
1.5 Summary
23(2)
1.6 Further Reading
25(1)
1.7 References
26(3)
Chapter 2. Wastewater Minimization through Water Reuse: Single-Contaminant Targeting
29(22)
2.1 Introduction
29(1)
2.2 Water-Using Operation as a Contaminant Mass-Transfer Problem
29(5)
2.3 Data Extraction
34(1)
2.4 Minimum Freshwater Target without Reuse
35(4)
2.4.1 Limiting Water Profile
35(3)
2.4.2 Total Freshwater Flowrate without Reuse
38(1)
2.5 Minimum Freshwater Target for an Integrated System with Reuse
39(5)
2.5.1 Graphical Method: Concentration-Composite Curve
39(2)
2.5.2 Tabular Method: Concentration-Interval Diagram
41(3)
2.6 Minimum Freshwater Target with Reuse
44(2)
2.6.1 Graphical Method: Concentration-Composite Curve
45(1)
2.6.2 Tabular Method: Concentration-Interval Diagram
46(1)
2.7 Summary
46(2)
2.8 Nomenclature
48(1)
2.9 Problems
48(1)
2.10 References
49(2)
Chapter 3. Wastewater Minimization through Water Reuse: The Design of Water-Using Networks
51(26)
3.1 Introduction
51(1)
3.2 Design Tools: Representing Water-Using Networks
52(3)
3.2.1 The Block Diagram
52(1)
3.2.2 The Grid Diagram
52(1)
3.2.3 The Mass-Content Diagram
53(2)
3.3 Water-Using Network Design: Concentration-Interval Design Method
55(15)
3.3.1 The Grid Diagram
56(7)
3.3.2 The Mass-Content Diagram
63(7)
3.4 Network Evolution
70(2)
3.4.1 Loop Identification
70(1)
3.4.2 Loop Breaking
71(1)
3.5 Summary
72(1)
3.6 Nomenclature
73(1)
3.7 Problems
74(1)
3.8 References
75(2)
Chapter 4. The Design of Distributed Effluent-Treatment Systems
77(46)
4.1 Introduction
77(1)
4.2 Single-Contaminant and Single-Treatment Process
78(8)
4.2.1 Concentration-Interval Diagram and Concentration-Composite Curve
79(1)
4.2.2 Minimum Treatment Flowrate
79(5)
4.2.3 Design of the Effluent-Treatment System for the Minimum Treatment Flowrate
84(2)
4.3 Single-Contaminant and Multiple-Treatment Processes
86(12)
4.3.1 Concentration-Interval Diagram and Concentration-Composite Curve
87(6)
4.3.2 Design of the Effluent-Treatment System for Minimum Treatment Flowrates
93(1)
4.3.3 Alternative Approach to Finding the True Minimum Treatment Flowrates for Single-Contaminant and Multiple-Treatment Processes
94(4)
4.4 Multiple-Contaminant and Multiple-Treatment Processes
98(12)
4.4.1 Concentration-Interval Diagram and Concentration-Composite Curve
98(1)
4.4.2 Minimum Treatment Flowrates
98(10)
4.4.3 Design of the Effluent-Treatment System
108(2)
4.5 Designing Water-Using Networks to Minimize Effluent-Treatment Costs
110(6)
4.5.1 Water Mains
110(4)
4.5.2 Wastewater Degradation
114(2)
4.6 Summary
116(3)
4.7 Nomenclature
119(1)
4.8 Problems
120(1)
4.9 References
121(2)
Chapter 5. Wastewater Minimization through Water Regeneration, Reuse, and Recycle
123(96)
5.1 Introduction
123(3)
5.2 Regeneration
126(42)
5.2.1 Full Regeneration and Freshwater Pinch
126(6)
5.2.2 Partial Regeneration and Freshwater Pinch
132(8)
5.2.3 Full Regeneration and Regenerated Water Pinch
140(12)
5.2.4 Partial Regeneration and Regenerated Water Pinch
152(4)
5.2.5 Water-Using Network Design with Regeneration
156(12)
5.3 Regeneration Recycle
168(10)
5.3.1 Simple Regeneration Recycle
168(5)
5.3.2 Regeneration Recycle and Regenerated Water Pinch
173(4)
5.3.3 Water-Using Network Design
177(1)
5.4 Summary of Examples and Procedures for Flowrate Targeting and Network Design Involving Water Reuse, Regeneration, and Recycle
178(2)
5.5 Water-Using Network Design with Flowrate Changes
180(21)
5.5.1 Modified Limiting Process Data
180(1)
5.5.2 Concentration-Composite Curve and Minimum Freshwater Flowrate
181(7)
5.5.3 Changes in Freshwater-Pinch Location
188(4)
5.5.4 Water-Using Network Design
192(2)
5.5.5 Industrial Case Study: Specialty Chemical Plant
194(7)
5.6 Flowrate Constraints: Local Recycle to Achieve Fixed Flowrates
201(10)
5.6.1 Local Recycle to Achieve Minimum Freshwater Flowrate
205(2)
5.6.2 Water-Using Network Design
207(2)
5.6.3 Industrial Case Study: Specialty Chemical Plant
209(2)
5.7 Summary
211(2)
5.8 Nomenclature
213(1)
5.9 Problems
214(3)
5.10 References
217(2)
Chapter 6. Wastewater Minimization through Process Changes
219(30)
6.1 Introduction
219(1)
6.2 Process Changes and the Plus/Minus Principle
219(6)
6.2.1 Improved Driving Force
219(2)
6.2.2 Changes in Pinch Location
221(2)
6.2.3 The Plus/Minus Principle
223(2)
6.3 Water Sources and Demands
225(8)
6.3.1 Water-Source and -Demand Plot
225(4)
6.3.2 Process Changes
229(3)
6.3.3 Mixing
232(1)
6.4 Industrial Process Changes
233(11)
6.4.1 Cooling Towers
233(8)
6.4.2 Boiler Feedwater
241(3)
6.5 Summary
244(1)
6.6 Nomenclature
245(1)
6.7 Problems
245(2)
6.8 References
247(2)
Chapter 7. Industrial Case Studies: An Effective Engineering Approach to Wastewater Minimization in Multiple-Contaminant Systems
249(48)
7.1 Introduction
249(1)
7.2 Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization in a Petrochemical Complex
249(3)
7.3 Application of Water-Pinch Technology to XX Petrochemicals
252(31)
7.3.1 Data Extraction
252(1)
7.3.2 Minimum Freshwater Flowrate with Reuse
253(7)
7.3.3 Water-Using Network Design
260(8)
7.3.4 Minimum Freshwater Flowrate with Regeneration
268(9)
7.3.5 Multiple-Contaminant Considerations
277(5)
7.4 Summary
283(3)
7.5 Nomenclature
286(1)
7.6 Problems
287(9)
7.7 Reference
296(1)
Chapter 8. Wastewater Minimization in Multiple-Contaminant Systems: Water-Pinch Analysis and Synthesis
297(74)
8.1 Introduction
297(1)
8.2 Problem Representation for Multiple-Contaminant Systems
298(5)
8.2.1 Limitation of the Single-Contaminant Approach to Finding Minimum Freshwater Flowrate
298(3)
8.2.2 Limiting Water Profiles
301(2)
8.3 Feasibility Analysis of Water Reuse
303(15)
8.3.1 Inlet-Concentration Shift and Water-Reuse Feasibility
303(2)
8.3.2 Outlet-Concentration Shift and Water-Reuse Feasibility
305(6)
8.3.3 Further Illustration of Concentration Shifts and Feasibility Analysis
311(7)
8.4 Minimum Freshwater Flowrate
318(14)
8.4.1 Design Equations
319(4)
8.4.2 Illustrative Example
323(3)
8.4.3 Computer Solution
326(6)
8.5 Pinch-Interval Water Reuse
332(11)
8.5.1 Design Equations
332(5)
8.5.2 Illustrative Example
337(4)
8.5.3 Computer Solution
341(2)
8.6 Water-Using Network Design
343(1)
8.7 Industrial Case Study: Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization in a Petroleum Refinery
344(21)
8.7.1 Introduction
344(1)
8.7.2 Limiting Process Data
344(1)
8.7.3 Concentration Shifts and Feasibility Analysis
345(4)
8.7.4 Minimum Freshwater Flowrate
349(8)
8.7.5 Pinch-Interval Water Reuse
357(3)
8.7.6 Computer Solution
360(5)
8.7.7 Water-Using Network Design
365(1)
8.8 Summary
365(3)
8.9 Nomenclature
368(1)
8.10 Problems
369(1)
8.11 References
369(2)
Chapter 9. Wastewater Minimization through Mathematical Optimization
371(58)
9.1 Introduction
371(1)
9.2 Introduction to Linear Programming
371(4)
9.3 Transshipment Model and Single-Contaminant Targeting
375(4)
9.3.1 Transshipment Model
375(3)
9.3.2 Concentration-Interval Diagram
378(1)
9.4 Introduction to Nonlinear Programming
379(2)
9.5 Superstructure Model and Nonlinear Programming
381(31)
9.5.1 Superstructure Model
384(2)
9.5.2 Regeneration Recycle
386(5)
9.5.3 Alternative Operation Models
391(9)
9.5.4 Multiple Contaminants
400(8)
9.5.5 Distributed Effluent-Treatment Systems
408(4)
9.6 Sensitivity Analysis for Effective Process Changes
412(5)
9.7 Comparison: Water-Pinch Technology versus Mathematical Optimization
417(8)
9.7.1 Multiple Contaminants
420(3)
9.7.2 Alternative Operation Models
423(1)
9.7.3 Global versus Local Minimum
423(1)
9.7.4 Process Changes
424(1)
9.7.5 Network Evolution
424(1)
9.7.6 Distributed Effluent-Treatment Systems
424(1)
9.7.7 Sensitivity Analysis
424(1)
9.8 Summary
425(1)
9.9 Nomenclature
425(1)
9.10 Problems
426(2)
9.11 References
428(1)
Appendix A Glossary 429(8)
Appendix B Solutions to Problems 437(80)
Appendix C Water Design and CD-ROM Contents 517(2)
Index 519

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews