Infant Care and Motherhood in an Urban Community investigates the behavior and attitudes of 709 mothers towards their year-old babies. John and Elizabeth Newson, impatient with the voluminous and contradictory literature telling parents how their children should be brought up, decided to find out how they were being brought up. Infant Care in an Urban Community is focused on sources of advice that influence parents, how they feel about their children, and how they react to situations in handling young babies.
Infant handling today is still a subject on which many different specialists use the full weight of their professional authority to back up their private prejudices concerning what is good and what is bad in the care of young children. In the face of the conflict which results, intelligent parents are rapidly forced to the conclusion that the experts know little more about the matter than they do themselves. The truth is that in the present state of knowledge there is not a sufficient body of well-substantiated evidence about the facts and consequences of child rearing on which to base sound practical advice to parents. This is where this book comes in. It shows that much of the advice offered is often out of touch with the practical needs, circumstances, and beliefs of the ordinary mother.
Few theories of child rearing have been subjected to the inconvenience of being reconciled with the empirical evidence. This is the first study which has obtained information of this sort from a large and representative sample of mothers, and which has investigated the behavior of both mother and baby aehere and now' rather than relying on fond maternal memories. A special feature is the use of tape-recorded interviews which has allowed extensive quotation of their mothers' own opinions.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.61(d)|
About the Author
John Newson (1925-2010) is co-author of The Family and the Handicapped Child: A Study of Cerebral Palsied Children in Their Homes and Infant Care in an Urban Community. He was a professor of psychology at the University of Nottingham. In addition he was the first chair of the developmental psychology section of the British Psychological Society.
Elizabeth Newson (1929-2014) is the co-author of The Family and the Handicapped Child: A Study of Cerebral Palsied Children in Their Homes and Infant Care in an Urban Community. She was a professor of psychology at the University of Nottingham. She was also named an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health
Table of ContentsIntroduction 13
Background of the Investigation
Aims and design 15
The evaluation of evidence 26
The Pattern of Infant Care
Birth in prospect and retrospect 30
Food and comfort: breast, bottle and dummy 43
Eating and sleeping 69
The roots of socialization 85
Habit making and habit breaking 117
Father's place is in the home 133
Infant Rearing and Social Class
The class factor 146
Childbirth and social class 155
Class trends in infant feeding 164
Patterns of indulgence 176
Aggression and counter-aggression 194
Mothers, fathers and social class 202
The Longer View
Then and now 219
The interview schedule 241
Instructions to interviewers 249
Results of statistical tests of significance 253
A Nottingham glossary: words and phrases used in everyday speech 257
List of References 260