ISBN-10:
142006780X
ISBN-13:
9781420067804
Pub. Date:
04/03/2009
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Infrared-Visible-Ultraviolet: Devices and Applications / Edition 2

Infrared-Visible-Ultraviolet: Devices and Applications / Edition 2

by Dave Birtalan, William Nunley

Hardcover

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Overview

Infrared-Visible-Ultraviolet: Devices and Applications / Edition 2

Organized as a mini-encyclopedia of infrared optoelectronic applications, this long awaited new edition of an industry standard updates and expands on the groundbreaking work of its predecessor. Pioneering experts, responsible for many advancements in the field, provide engineers with a fundamental understanding of semiconductor physics and the technical information needed to design infrared optoelectronic devices.

Fully revised to reflect current developments in the field, Optoelectronics: Infrared-Visible-Ultraviolet Devices and Applications, Second Edition reviews relevant semiconductor fundamentals, including device physics, from an optoelectronic industry perspective. This easy-reading text provides a practical engineering introduction to optoelectronic LEDs and silicon sensor technology for the infrared, visible, and ultraviolet portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Utilizing a practical and efficient engineering approach throughout, the text supplies design engineers and technical management with quick and uncluttered access to the technical information needed to design new systems.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781420067804
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 04/03/2009
Series: Optical Science and Engineering Series
Pages: 300
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

William Nunley, Technical Consultant, Richardson, Texas, USA

Dave Birtalan, OPTEK Technology, Carrollton, Texas, USA

Table of Contents

The Source (Infrared-Emitting Diodes)
Basic Theory
Introduction
P-N Junction Injection Electroluminescence
Relative Efficiency

Light-Emitting Diode Fabrication
Introduction: Epitaxial Growth
Liquid-Phase Epitaxy
Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition
Hydride Vapor-Phase Epitaxy
Molecular Beam Epitaxy

IRLED Packaging
Introduction
Techniques for Improving Photon Emission Efficiency
Packaging the IrLed
Characterization of the Packaged IrLed
Understanding Thermal Impedance
Understanding the Measurement of Radiant Energy
Reliability
Conclusion

The Receiver (Silicon Photosensor)
The Photodiode

Basic Theory
Optimization
Characterization

The Phototransistor and Photodarlington
Basic Theory
Characterization

The Photointegrated Circuit
Basic Theory
IC Processing Steps
Other IC Devices
Characterization

Special-Function Photointegrated Circuits
Basic Theory
Triac Driver Photosensors
Synchronous Driver Detector (SDD)
Color Sensor

The Coupled Emitter (IRLED) Photosensor Pair
The Transmissive Optical Switch

Slotted (Transmissive) Optical Switch
Encoder Wheel Design
Performance Characteristics
Flag Switches
Slotted Switch Summary

The Reflective Optical Switch
Electrical Considerations
Mechanical Considerations

The Optical Isolator and Solid-State Relay
Electrical Considerations

Background
Function
Different Types
Introduction to Solid-State Relays (SSR)
Theory of Operation
DC InputDC Output SSR Operation
DC InputAC Output SSR Operation
AC InputAC Output SSR Operation
Temperature Considerations
Overvoltage and Overcurrent Surge Protection
Zero Voltage Crossover
Conclusion

Mechanical and Thermal Considerations
Mechanical Considerations
Managing Junction Temperature of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes

Open Air and Fiber-Optic Communication
Fiber-Optic Communication

Basics
Advantages

Wireless Communication
Basic Theory
Background

IR Applications
Pulse Operation

The IrLed
The Photosensor

Driving a Light-Emitting Device
Introduction
Variables
Linear Operation

Interfacing to the Photosensor
The Photodiode
The Phototransistor and Photodarlington
The Photointegrated Circuit

Computer Peripheral and Business Equipment Applications
Copiers and Printers
Keyboards and Mice
Touch Screens
Data Interface
Check/Card Reader
Optical Couplers/Isolators

Industrial Applications
Safety-Related Optical Sensors
Hazardous Fluid Sensing
Security and Surveillance Systems
Mechanical Aids, Robotics
Miscellaneous Optical Sensors
Optical Couplers/Isolators

Automotive Applications
Existing Applications

Military Applications
Military Applications for Optical Sensors

Consumer Applications
TV and Game Controls
CD and DVD Discs
Dollar Bill Changers
Coin Changers
Smoke Detectors
Slot Machines
Camera Applications
Optical Golf Games
Household Appliance Controls

Medical Applications
Introduction
Pill-Counting Systems
Electrical Isolation Systems
Infusion Pump Application
Hemodialysis Equipment Application
Fluid and Bubble Sensing for Medical Applications
Intravenous Drop Monitor
Pulse Rate Detection

Telecommunications
Telecommunications Overview

Visible and Ultraviolet Technologies
Visible-Light-Emitting Diodes (VLEDs)

Introduction
What Is an LED?
Generating Light
Optical, Thermal, and Electrical Measurements
Laboratory Testing
Reliability
Applications

Ultraviolet Electromagnetic Radiation
Overview
The UV Spectrum
Fluorescent Lamp
Types of UV Lamps
UV Lamp Aging
RoHS and WEEE Concerns for UV Lamps
Failure Modes in UV Gas Discharge Lamps
Overview of UV Applications
Germicidal Effects of UV Light
Bibliography
Glossary
Index

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