This edited work offers a multidisciplinary perspective on innovation challenges and innovative practices in the context of developing and transition countries. The contributions mostly embrace a national innovation system approach in an attempt to understand innovation processes and their implications at both macro and micro levels.
The chapters in this book, taken as a whole, offer insights into a range of issues grouped around the following questions:
• What are the challenges for innovation at the macro (system) and micro (firm) levels according to the experiences of developing and transition countries?
• What is the role of public policies in the transformation of national innovation systems?
• What innovation practices allow to successfully overcome challenges to innovation?
• What is the role of collaboration and learning strategies in fostering innovation?
A variety of methods are presented including historical analysis, participatory action research, case studies, document analysis and survey-based quantitative research as well as triangulation to study innovation and adaptation strategies in developing and transition countries. It also provides ten case studies selected from developing and transition countries to offer a detailed and comprehensive perspective on innovation and innovation practices at macro and micro levels.
Students and researchers interested in innovation and innovation systems around the world will find this book an invaluable tool and reference.
About the Author
Edited by Alexandra Tsvetkova, The Ohio State University, US, Jana Schmutzler, Universidad del Norte, Colombia, Marcela Suarez, Research Fellow
Freie Universität Berlin, Germany and Alessandra Faggian, Professor of Applied Economics, Director of Social Sciences and Vice Provost for Research, Gran Sasso Science Institute, L'Aquila, Italy
Table of Contents
1. Introduction. A context-specific two-way approach to the study of innovation systems in developing and transition countries
Jana Schmutzler, Marcela Suarez, Alexandra Tsvetkova and Alessandra Faggian
Part I. The role of public policies in developing and transforming national and sectoral innovation systems
2. From industrialization to innovation: Building the Peruvian National System of Science, Technology and Innovation, 1968-2015
Miklos Lukacs de Pereny
3. State of the National Innovation System of Armenia
4. The role of public policies in building-up a national pharmaceutical innovation system in Tunisia: Challenges after the Jasmine Revolution
5. Public policies to orient science, technology and innovation in healthcare towards inclusive development: Evidence from Brazil
Cecilia Tomassini Urti
6. The role of public policies in promoting innovations and innovation complementarities in developing countries: The case of Argentinian software industry
Hernan Alejandro Morero
Part II. Innovation challenges and response strategies in national and sectoral innovation systems: A firm-level perspective
7. Health biotechnology in Malaysia: Issues and challenges faced by the innovative biotechnology firms
Gulifeiya Abuduxike and Syed Mohamed Aljunid
8. Collaborating to innovate: The case of the Nigerian mining industry
Oluseye Oladayo Jegede
9. Collaboration among Hungarian SMEs in innovation
10. Developmental university in emerging innovation systems: The case of the Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Bolivia
Carlos Gonzalo Acevedo Peña, Walter Mauricio Hernán Céspedes Quiroga and José Eduardo Zambrana Montán
11. The lost tiger in technological catch-up: Lessons learned and implications for latecomer strategic typology
Xiao-Shan Yap and Rajah Rasiah
12. Epilogue. Innovation systems in developing and transition countries: What is different, what is missing and what are the implications?
Alexandra Tsvetkova, Jana Schmutzler and Marcela Suarez