The book assembles the latest research on new design techniques in water supplies using desalinated seawater. The authors examine the diverse issues related to the intakes and outfalls of these facilities. They clarify how and why these key components of the facilities impact the cost of operation and subsequently the cost of water supplied to the consumers. The book consists of contributed articles from a number of experts in the field who presented their findings at the "Desalination Intakes and Outfalls" workshop held at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia in October, 2013. The book integrates coverage relevant to a wide variety of researchers and professionals in the general fields of environmental engineering and sustainable development.
About the Author
Table of Contents
Section I. Intakes.- Overview of intake systems for seawater reverse osmosis for seawater reverse osmosis systems.- Design considerations for tunneled seawater intakes.- Sydney and Gold Coast desalination plant intake design, construction and operating experience.- Impingement and entrainment at SWRO desalination facility intakes.- Passive screen intakes: Design, construction operation, and environmental impacts.- Effects of intake depth on raw seawater quality in the Red Sea.- Coastal evaluation and planning for development of subsurface intake systems.- Well intakes for SWRO systems: Design and limitations.- Effects of well intake systems on removal of algae, bacteria, and natural organic matter.- Self-cleaning beach intake galleries: Design and global applications.- Feasibility and design of seabed gallery intake systems along the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia with discussion of design criteria and methods.- Feasibility and design of seabed gallery intake systems along the Arabian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia with a discussion on gallery intake use for the entire Arabian Gulf region.- Slant well intake systems: Design and construction.- Optimal siting of shallow subsurface intake technologies.- Innovations in design and operation of SWRO intake systems.- Section II. Outfalls.- Overview of coastal discharges from brine, heat and wastewater.- Near field flow dynamics of concentrate discharges and diffuser.- Tiered modelling approach for desalination effluent discharges.- New criteria for brine discharge outfalls from desalination plants.- Design of brine diffusers for the Gold Coast and Sydney, Australia and results of environmental monitoring.- Concentrated brine and heat dispersion into coastal shallow waters of the Arabian Gulf.- Far-field ocean conditions and concentrate discharge modeling along the Saudi coast of the Red Sea.- Observing, monitoring and evaluating the effects of discharge plumes in coastal regions.- Innovations in design and monitoring of desalination discharges.