Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age, 2006 Statutory and Case Supplement

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age, 2006 Statutory and Case Supplement

Paperback(Older Edition)

$37.50

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780735557741
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
Publication date: 07/28/2006
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 536
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.80(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

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Preface to the Second Editionxxv
Preface to the First Editionxxvii
Acknowledgmentsxxxi
1Introduction1
A.Philosophical Perspectives2
1.The Natural Rights Perspective3
John Locke, Two Treatises on Government3
Problem6
2.The Personhood Perspective7
Margaret Jane Radin, Property and Personhood7
3.The Utilitarian/Economic Incentive Perspective12
Problem20
B.Overview of Intellectual Property21
1.Trade Secret22
2.Patent23
3.Copyright23
4.Trademark/Trade Dress27
Problem28
2Trade Secret Protection31
A.Introduction31
1.History31
2.Overview of Trade Secret Protection34
Uniform Trade Secrets Act, with 1985 Amendments34
3.Theory of Trade Secrets36
B.Subject Matter38
1.Defining Trade Secrets38
Metallurgical Industries, Inc. v. Fourtek, Inc.38
Problems48
2.Reasonable Efforts to Maintain Secrecy49
Rockwell Graphic Systems, Inc. v. DEV Industries, Inc.49
Problem58
Note on Fencing Costs and Trade Secrets58
3.Disclosure of Trade Secrets61
C.Misappropriation of Trade Secrets65
1.Improper Means66
E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co. v. Rolfe Christopher66
Problem71
2.Confidential Relationship71
Smith v. Dravo Corp.71
Problems77
3.Reverse Engineering77
Chicago Lock Co. v. Fanberg78
Problems83
4.The Special Case of Departing Employees84
a.Can Employees "Raid" Their Company?87
b.The Right to Compete88
Note on the "Inevitable Disclosure" of Trade Secrets93
c.Can Employees Take Their Own Inventions?97
Wexler v. Greenberg97
Note on the Common Law Obligation to Assign Inventions102
Problem103
Note on Trailer Clauses103
Problem105
D.Agreements to Keep Secrets107
Warner-Lambert Pharmaceutical Co. v. Reynolds, Inc.108
E.Remedies112
Uniform Trade Secrets Act, [sections]2-4112
1.Injunctions113
K-2 Ski Co. v. Head Ski Co., Inc.113
Note on Criminal Trade Secrets Statutes117
Note on Federal Criminal Liability for Trade Secret Misappropriation119
3Patent Law123
A.Introduction123
1.Historical Background123
2.An Overview of the Patent Laws131
a.Requirements for Patentability131
b.Rights Conferred by a Patent132
Note on the Procedures for Obtaining a Patent134
3.Theories of Patent Law137
B.The Elements of Patentability138
1.Patentable Subject Matter138
Diamond v. Chakrabarty138
Parke-Davis & Co. v. H. K. Mulford Co.147
Problem151
Note on Patenting "Abstract Ideas"151
Note on Patenting Business Methods and "Printed Matter"153
Problems155
2.Utility157
Brenner v. Manson157
Note on Different Types of Utility163
Problems166
3.Novelty and Statutory Bars168
35 U.S.C. [section]102. Conditions for Patentability; Novelty and Loss of Right to Patent168
a.The Nature of Novelty169
Rosaire v. National Lead Co.169
Note on the Inherency Doctrine173
Problem174
b.Statutory Bars: Publications174
In re Hall175
Problem177
c.Statutory Bars: Public Use178
Egbert v. Lippmann178
Problem184
d.The Experimental Use Exception185
City of Elizabeth v. Pavement Co.185
e.Priority Rules and the First to Invent189
35 U.S.C. [section]102(g). Novelty and Loss of Right189
Griffith v. Kanamaru190
Note on the GATT Amendments194
4.Nonobviousness195
Graham v. John Deere Co.195
a.Combining References209
In re Vaeck209
Problem215
b."Secondary" Considerations215
5.Describing and Enabling the Invention217
The Incandescent Lamp Patent219
Note on the Written Description Requirement225
The Gentry Gallery v. The Berkline Corp.227
Note on "Analog" Claims in Chemical and Biotechnology Patents: An Exploration of Patent Breadth233
Problem238
C.Infringement239
1.Claim Interpretation239
a.Interpretive Sources240
i.Claim Language240
ii.Patent Specification241
iii.Prosecution History242
iv.Extrinsic Evidence242
b.Canons of Construction244
i.Claim-Specification Relationship244
ii.Patentee as Lexicographer245
iii.Claim Differentiation245
iv.Presumptive Breadth246
c.Interpretive Procedures246
Note on the Proper Role of Judge and Jury in Patent Cases246
2.Literal Infringement250
Larami Corp. v. Amron250
3.The Doctrine of Equivalents256
Graver Tank & Mfg. v. Linde Air Products256
Warner-Jenkinson Co. v. Hilton Davis Chem. Co., Inc.262
Note: What Is an Element?274
Problem278
Note on the Problem of Later-Developed Technologies279
Problem282
4.The "Reverse" Doctrine of Equivalents284
5.Equivalents for Means-Plus-Function Claims287
6.Contributory Infringement290
C. R. Bard, Inc. v. Advanced Cardiovascular Systems Inc.290
Note on Inducement293
Problem295
D.Defenses295
1.The "Experimental Use" Defense295
2.Inequitable Conduct297
Kingsdown Medical Consultants, Ltd. v. Hollister Inc.297
3.Patent Misuse303
Motion Picture Patents Company v. Universal Film Manufacturing Company et al.303
35 U.S.C. [section]271(d). Infringement of Patent308
Note on the Scope of the Patent Misuse Doctrine310
E.International Patent Law315
1.Procedural Rules315
2.Substantive Harmonization and GATT-TRIPs319
F.Remedies321
1.Injunctions325
H. H. Robertson Co. v. United Steel Deck325
2.Damages: Reasonable Royalty and Lost Profits327
Note on the Frontiers of Lost Profits Damages330
G.Design and Plant Patents333
1.Design Patents333
a.Introduction333
b.Requirements for Patentability334
i.Novelty334
ii.Nonobviousness335
iii.Ornamentality336
iv.Functionality337
c.Claim Requirements and Procedure337
d.Infringement338
2.Plant Patents339
a.The Plant Patent Act340
b.The Plant Variety Protection Act341
4Copyright Law345
A.Introduction345
1.Brief History of Copyright Protection345
2.An Overview of the Copyright Regime348
3.Philosophical Perspectives on Copyright Protection350
B.Requirements353
17 U.S.C. [section]102. Subject Matter of Copyright353
1.Original Works of Authorship354
H. R. Rep. No. 94-1476 (1976)354
Feist Publications v. Rural Telephone Service356
Problem363
2.Fixation in a Tangible Medium of Expression364
H.R. Rep. No. 94-1476 (1976)364
Problem368
3.Formalities368
a.Notice368
b.Publication369
Problem371
c.Registration372
d.Deposit373
Note on the Restoration of Foreign Copyrighted Works373
C.Copyrightable Subject Matter374
1.Limitations on Copyrightability: Distinguishing Function and Expression374
a.The Idea-Expression Dichotomy374
17 U.S.C. [section]102(b). Subject Matter of Copyright: In General375
Baker v. Selden375
Problem380
Morrissey v. Procter & Gamble382
Problems385
b.The Useful Article Doctrine386
17 U.S.C. [section]101. Pictorial, Graphic, and Sculptural Works386
H.R. Rep. No. 94-1476, 94th Cong., 2d Sess., 47, 54-55 (1976)386
Brandir International, Inc. v. Cascade Pacific Lumber Co.388
Problems397
c.Government Works397
Problem399
2.The Domain and Scope of Copyright Protection399
17 U.S.C. [section]102. Subject Matter of Copyright: In General399
H.R. Rep. No. 94-1476, 94th Cong., 2d Sess. (1976)399
a.Literary Works400
b.Pictorial, Graphic, and Sculptural Works401
Problem401
c.Architectural Works402
d.Dramatic, Pantomime, and Choreographic Works404
Problem405
e.Musical Works and Sound Recordings405
f.Motion Pictures and Other Audiovisual Works406
g.Derivative Works and Compilations407
Roth Greeting Cards v. United Card Co.409
Problems412
Note on the Rights of Authors and Publishers in Electronic Compilations412
D.Ownership and Duration413
1.Initial Ownership of Copyrights414
a.Works for Hire414
Community for Creative Non-Violence et al. v. Reid414
b.Joint Works423
c.Collective Works423
Problems424
2.Duration and Renewal425
Problems428
3.Division, Transfer, and Termination of Transfers429
a.Division and Transfer of Copyright Interests Under the 1909 Act430
b.Division and Transfer of Copyright Interests Under the 1976 Act430
c.Termination of Transfers431
E.Rights of Copyright Owners432
17 U.S.C. [section]106. Exclusive Rights in Copyrighted Works432
1.The Right to Make Copies432
a.Copying434
Arnstein v. Porter434
Problem441
b.Improper Appropriation442
Nichols v. Universal Pictures Corp442
Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc.449
Problems457
Limitations on the Exclusive Right to Copy459
2.The Right to Prepare Derivative Works460
Paul Goldstein, Derivative Rights and Derivative Works in Copyright460
Midway Mfg. Co. v. Artic International464
Litchfield v. Spielberg466
Problems470
3.The Distribution Right470
Quality King Distributors, Inc. v. L'anza Research International, Inc.471
Mirage Editions v. Albuquerque A.R.T.475
Problem477
4.Public Performance and Display Rights478
Sound Recordings480
Statutory Limits on Performance and Display Rights480
Problems482
5.Moral Rights483
6.Contributory Infringement486
Problem488
7.New Restrictions and Rights Aimed at Combating Digital Piracy488
Audio Home Recording Rights Act of 1992488
Digital Millenium Copyright Act of 1998489
F.Defenses490
1.Fair Use490
17 U.S.C. [section]107. Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Fair Use490
Harper & Row Publishers, Inc., et al. v. Nation Enterprises et al.