Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks and Copyright in a Nutshell

Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks and Copyright in a Nutshell

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Overview

Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks and Copyright in a Nutshell by Arthur Raphael Miller, Michael H. Davis, Michael H. Davis

It has been said, with respect to tort law that anyone can recognize a punch in the nose. Unlike a punch in the nose, "Patents and copyrights approach, nearer than any other class of cases belonging to forensic discussion to what may be called the metaphysics of the law, where the distinctions are, or at least may be, very subtle and refined, and, sometimes, almost evanescent." This text, by famed Harvard professor Arthur Miller, includes patents, trademarks, and copyrights. Further, it addresses torts and property; antitrust and government regulation; concepts of federalism and state and federal conflicts. The text provides the scope and highlights you need to excel in understanding this field. This will enable you to answer exam questions more quickly and accurately, and enhance your skills as an attorney.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780314757388
Publisher: West Group
Publication date: 10/28/1990
Series: Nutshell Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 437
Product dimensions: 5.20(w) x 7.38(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments iii
Table of Cases
xvii
Introduction 1(3)
PART I. PATENTS
The Foundations of Patent Protection
4(15)
Origins and Development of United States Patent Law
4(5)
Patent Basics
9(6)
The Two Theories of Patent Protection
15(4)
The Subject Matter of Patents
19(20)
Ideas v. Applications
19(1)
The Statutory Scheme
20(4)
Processes as Subject Matter Apart From Products
24(3)
The Boundaries of the Three Product Categories
27(1)
Compositions of Matter
28(1)
Manufacture
29(1)
Machines
30(1)
Computer-Related Patents
31(4)
Orphan Drug Act
35(1)
Plant and Design Patents
36(3)
Patentability---Novelty and Statutory Bar
39(27)
Overview
39(4)
Foreign Anticipation
43(1)
Domestic Anticipation
44(2)
References to Prior Publications
46(3)
Substantial and Realized Anticipation
49(2)
Statutory Bar
51(3)
The Policies of Statutory Bar
54(1)
Publicity and Limited Disclosures
55(4)
Competing Claims to Novelty by Two or More Inventors---Priority
59(7)
Patentability-Utility
66(4)
Qualitative Utility
66(1)
Presumed Utility
67(3)
Patentability--Non-Obviousness
70(25)
Overview
70(4)
Invention and Nonobviousness
74(3)
Negative Rules of Invention
77(4)
The Statutory Test
81(4)
Nonobviousness and Novelty
85(2)
The Secondary Considerations...
87(4)
The Importation of Section 102 Prior Art into Section 103
91(4)
Double--Patenting
95(4)
Attempts to Extend the Patent Monopoly
95(2)
Terminal Disclaimer
97(2)
The Patenting Process
99(25)
Overview
99(1)
The Patentee
100(1)
Joint Invention
101(2)
Prosecuting a Patent Application
103(3)
The Specifications and Claims
106(4)
The Limits of Agency Discretion
110(2)
Claims Drafting
112(2)
The Duty of Candor
114(5)
Reissue and Re-examination
119(2)
Judicial Review
121(3)
Infringement
124(17)
Overview
124(1)
File Wrapper Estoppel
124(2)
Claim Interpretation---Differentiation, Literality, and Equivalence
126(2)
The Patent Rights
128(1)
Direct, Indirect, and Contributory Infringement
129(6)
Repair and Reconstruction
135(2)
Infringement Defenses---Misuse
137(4)
Remedies
141(3)
Overview
141(1)
Injunctive Relief
141(1)
Damages
142(1)
Attorneys' Fees
143(1)
Patent Law and the Intersection of State and Federal Regulation
144(2)
Overview
144(2)
PART II. TRADEMARKS
The Foundations of Trademark Protection
146(10)
Origins and Development of Trademark Law
146(3)
Common Law Trademark
149(3)
Federal Registration
152(4)
Distinctiveness
156(24)
Overview
156(1)
Different Markets
157(2)
Prior Use
159(4)
Secondary Meaning and Descriptiveness
163(8)
The Bars Against Geographic Marks, Immoral Marks, and Surnames
171(7)
The Supplemental Register
178(2)
Dilution and the Expansion of Trademark Doctrine
180(13)
Overview
180(1)
Trademarks and Goodwill
181(3)
Likelihood of Expansion
184(4)
The Interests Protected
188(3)
State Anti-dilution Statutes
191(2)
Loss of Trademark Protection and Partial Protection
193(23)
Partial Rights
193(3)
The Rights of a Senior Registrant Against a Pre-registration User
196(2)
The Rights of a Junior Registrant Against a Pre-registration User
198(2)
Concurrent Registration
200(4)
Abandonment
204(5)
Incontestability
209(7)
Trademark Practice
216(16)
Overview
216(4)
First Use in Commerce
220(10)
Standing
230(2)
Subject Matter
232(23)
Overview
232(1)
Certification Marks
233(4)
Collective Marks
237(2)
Service Marks
239(2)
Primary Purpose
241(3)
The Functional Bar
244(4)
Color
248(2)
Section 43(a)
250(5)
Infringement
255(20)
Overview
255(2)
Similarity of Marks
257(2)
Similarity of Goods or Services
259(3)
Character and Similarity of Markets
262(5)
Subsidiary Evidence of Likelihood of Confusion
267(3)
Defenses---Fair and Collateral Use
270(2)
Gray Market Goods
272(3)
Remedies
275(5)
Overview
275(1)
Injunctive Relief
275(1)
Accounting
276(2)
Damages
278(1)
Attorneys' Fees
278(2)
PART III. COPYRIGHT
Foundations of Copyright Protection
280(10)
Origins and Development of Copyright Law
280(3)
The Copyright Acts
283(2)
The Common Law-Statutory Copyright Distinction and the 1976 Act
285(2)
Copyright Basics
287(3)
The Subject Matter of Copyright
290(30)
Originality
290(6)
Copyrightable Works
296(6)
Noncopyrightable Works
302(2)
Writings and Fixation
304(3)
Computer Programs
307(4)
Semiconductor Chip Protection Act
311(1)
Sound Recordings
312(6)
Copyright Formalities---Registration and Notice
318(2)
Exclusive Rights
320(14)
Introduction
320(1)
Reproduction
320(2)
Derivative Works
322(1)
Distribution
323(3)
Performance
326(5)
Display
331(3)
Infringement
334(14)
Overview
334(2)
Proof of Infringement
336(4)
Infringement of Musical Works
340(3)
Infringement of Literary Works
343(5)
Fair Use
348(22)
Overview
348(1)
The Dynamics of Fair Use
349(3)
Purpose and Character of the Use
352(3)
Nature of the Work
355(2)
The Proportional Amount and Substance of the Use
357(3)
The Effect on the Original Author's Economic Market
360(1)
Parody, Burlesque, and Satire
361(2)
Fair Use and Free Speech
363(3)
Photocopying
366(1)
The Functional-Equivalents Test
367(3)
Ownership
370(22)
The Copyright and the Material Object
370(1)
Multiple Claims to Authorship
371(6)
The Rights of Co-authors
377(1)
Duration of Ownership
378(2)
Termination of Transfers
380(5)
Works for Hire
385(3)
Pre-existing Works
388(4)
Formal Requirements
392(10)
Registration
392(5)
Notice
397(5)
Remedies
402(8)
Injunctive Relief
402(1)
Damages and Profits
403(4)
Impoundment
407(1)
Criminal Penalties
408(1)
Attorneys' Fees and Costs
409(1)
Copyright Laws and the Intersection of State and Federal Regulation
410(15)
Pre-emption
410(5)
State Remedies
415(4)
Other Federal Remedies
419(2)
Moral Rights and the Berne Convention
421(4)
Index 425

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