List of Figures, Tables and Boxes.
1 What is Intelligence?
Conclusion: Towards a Theory of Intelligence.
2 How Do We Understand Intelligence?
The Critique of Positivism.
The Challenge of Postmodernism.
Critical Realism: Neither Positivist nor Postmodernist.
Agency and Structure.
Surveillance: Knowledge and Power.
Conclusion: a Map for Theorising and Researching Intelligence.
3 Who Does Intelligence?
Introduction: Security Networks.
Mapping Intelligence Networks.
Making Security Networks Work.
4 How Do They Gather Information?
Planning and Direction.
HUMINT: human intelligence.
SIGINT: signals intelligence.
IMINT: imagery intelligence.
HUMINT Vs. SIGINT: The Post-9/11 Debate.
Gathering and Hunting: an erosion of boundaries?
The Predator: a vision of the future?
5 What Do They Do With the Information Gathered?
'No good will come of this': Problems with Dissemination.
Where intelligence Turns into Action: the Intensification of Surveillance.
6 Why Does Intelligence Fail?
The Limits of Intelligence.
Failure Located in Collection and Analysis.
The Policy Maker-Intelligence Interface as a Site of Intelligence Failure.
Politicisation of Intelligence.
The 9/11 Commission Report: Explaining Intelligence Failure?
The 7 July 2005 London Bombings: An Intelligence Failure?
7 Iraqi WMD: What Kind of Intelligence Failure?
US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.
The Butler Inquiry.
Political pressure on the JIC.
8 Can Intelligence be Democratic?
Defining Control, Review and Oversight.
The Legal and Ethical Bases of Oversight.
Organising External Oversight.
Parliamentary Oversight: the Case of the UK.
Media, NGOs and citizens.
9 Intelligence for a More Secure World?