In this work, G.A. Swanson and Hugh Marsh present an interpretive and analytical study of the function of internal auditing, not only from the viewpoint of its role in an organization, but also in regard to the role it plays in the economics of societies and governments. They create a theory of internal auditing and place it within the context of a scientific conceptual framework called Living Systems Theory. Using this approach, they are able to provide a basis for developing a systematic theoretical framework of internal auditing, as well as a theory based on observable, measurable entities.
The book begins with a survey of the auditing profession and an introduction to the basic principles of the Living Systems Theory. From this base, Swanson and Marsh discuss a series of specific issues and areas of concern in internal auditing, including its functions, profession, and history, and its professional standards. Subsequent chapters address such topics as money-information, non-monetary quantitative information, estimating compound measurement and forecasting error, non-quantitative assessments, concrete process analysis and living systems process analysis, and ethics. Throughout the book, Swanson and Marsh identify the advantages of using the living systems theory to advance the knowledge and understanding of organizations, and also propose a higher level of internal audit functions that can advance modern societies. This work will be an important tool for members of the accounting and auditing professions, for students of business and accounting practices, and for professionals in other business and finance positions.
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About the Author
G. A. SWANSON is Professor of Accounting and Chairperson of the Department of Accounting at Tennessee Technological University. / His more than 50 articles have appeared in such journals as Internal Auditor, The Accounting Review, the Journal of Accountancy, Behavioral Science, and Systems Research.
HUGH L. MARSH, retired director of Internal Audit for ALCOA, is a former chairman of the board of The Institute of Internal Auditors and a life member of the Financial Executives Institute. He is also an Emeritus Life Associate of the National Association of Accountants, a Certified Management Accountant, and a Certified Internal Auditor. He was a member of the Treadway Commission and is currently a management consultant.
Table of Contents
Auditing: An Emerging Profession
A Systems View of the Environment of Internal Auditing
What is Internal Auditing?
The Professional Standards
Nonmonetary Quantitative Information
Estimating Compound Measurement and Forecasting Error
Concrete Process Analysis and Living Systems Process Analysis
Summary and Recommendations