Entrepreneurs, technical experts, professionals, international students, writers, and artists are among the most highly mobile people in the global economy today. These talented elite often originate from developing countries and migrate to industrial economies. Many return home with new ideas, experiences, and capital useful for national development, whilst others remain to produce quality goods and services that are useful everywhere in the global economy.
The economic potential of globalization is ultimately dependent on the international mobility of highly talented individuals that transfer knowledge, new technologies, ideas, business capacities, and other creative capabilities. Developing countries and advanced economies may both gain from this mobility if it is effectively and smartly managed. This volume, with original contributions from outstanding international experts in the subject, provides a novel analysis of the main determinants and development impact of talent mobility in the global economy.
About the Author
Andrés Solimano, a Chilean-Italian national, holds a PhD in Economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is currently Regional Advisor at the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN-ECLAC). He is also Director of the project on The International Mobility of Talent with the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) in Finland and UN-ECLAC in Santiago. Formerly Country Director at the World Bank in Washington DC and Executive Director for Chile and Ecuador on the Boards of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and affiliated institutions, he has published numerous books and authored articles on growth, development, globalization, economic reform, income distribution, international migration, and macroeconomics in professional journals and the media.
Table of Contents
List of Figures vii
List of Tables ix
List of Boxes xi
Notes on Contributors xii
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations xx
Causes and Consequences of Talent Mobility Andres Solimano 1
The International Mobility of Talent and Economic Development: An Overview of Selected Issues Andres Solimano 21
The International Mobility of Technical Talent: Trends and Development Implications Anthony P. D'Costa 44
Global Mobility of Talent from a Perspective of New Industrial Policy: Open Migration Chains and Diaspora Networks Yevgeny Kuznetsov Charles Sabel 84
Case Studies: Entrepreneurs, Scientists, Students, Health Professionals, and Cultural Workers
The International Mobility of Entrepreneurs and Regional Upgrading in India and China AnnaLee Saxenian 117
International Mobility of Researchers and Scientists: Policy Options for Turning a Drain into a Gain Kristian Thorn Lauritz B. Holm-Nielsen 145
Student Migration to the United States and Brain Circulation: Issues, Empirical Results, and Programmes in Latin America Diego F. Angel-Urdinola Taizo Takeno Quentin Wodon 168
International Mobility of Health Professionals: Brain Drain or Brain Exchange? Stephen Bach 202
The International Mobility of Cultural Talent Tony Addison 236
International Organizations as a Profession: Professional Mobility and Power Distribution Jean-Marc Coicaud 263
Talent Mobility in the Global Economy: Europe as a Destination Mario Cervantes Andrea Goldstein 298