The standard edition of Sigmund Freud's classic work on the psychology and significance of dreams
What are the most common dreams and why do we have them? What does a dream about death mean? What do dreams of swimming, failing, or flying symbolize?
First published in 1899, Sigmund Freud's groundbreaking book, The Interpretation of Dreams, explores why we dream and why dreams matter in our psychological lives. Delving into theories of manifest and latent dream content, the special language of dreams, dreams as wish fulfillments, the significance of childhood experiences, and much more, Freud offers an incisive and enduringly relevant examination of dream psychology. Encompassing dozens of case histories and detailed analyses of actual dreams, this landmark work grants us unique insight into our sleeping experiences.
Renowned for translating Freud's German writings into English, James Stracheywith the assistance of Freud's daughter Annafirst published this edition in 1953. Incorporating all textual alterations made by Freud over a period of thirty years, it remains the most complete translation of the work in print
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About the Author
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a clinical neurologist living and practicing in Vienna. His ground breaking theories of the id, ego, and super-ego of the mind continue to be studied throughout the world.
Read an Excerpt
In the pages that follow I shall bring forward proof that there is a psychological technique which makes it possible to interpret dreams, and that, if that procedure is employed, every dream reveals itself as a psychical structure which has a meaning and which can be inserted at an assignable point in the mental activities of waking life. I shall further endeavour to elucidate the processes to which the strangeness and obscurity of dream are due and to deduce from those processes the nature of the psychical forces by whose concurrent or mutually opposing action dreams are generated. Having gone thus far, my description will break off, for it will have reached a point at which the problem of dreams merges into more comprehensive problems, the solution of which must be approached upon the basis of material of another kind.
I shall give by way of preface a review of the work done by earlier writers on the subject as well as of the present position of the problems of dreams in the world of science, since in the course of my discussion I shall not often have occasion to revert to those topics. For, in spite of many thousands of years of effort, the scientific understanding of dream has made very little advance--a fact so generally admitted *'in the literature that it seem unnecessary to quote instances in support of it. In these writings, of which a list appears at the end of my work, many stimulating observations are to be found and a quantity of interesting material bearing upon our theme, but little or nothing that touches upon the essential natureof dreams or that offers a final solution of any of their enigmas. And still less, of course, has passed into the knowledge of educated laymen.
It may be asked what view was taken of dreams in prehistoric times by primitive races of men and what effect dreams may have had upon the formation of their conceptions of the world and of the soul; and this is a subject of such great interest that it is only with much reluctance that I refrain from dealing with it in this connection. I must refer my readers to the standard works of Sir John Lubbock, Herbert Spencer, E. B. Tylor and others, and I will only add that we shaft not be able to appreciate the wide range of these problems and speculations until we have dealt with the task that lies before us here---the interpretation of dreams.
The prehistoric view of dreams is no doubt echoed in the attitude adopted towards dream by the peoples Of classical antiquity. They took it as axiomatic that dream were connected with the world of superhuman beings in whom they believed and that they were revelations from gods and daemons. There could he no question, moreover, that for the dreamer dreams had an important purpose, which was as a rule to foretell the future. The extraordinary variety in the content of dreams and in the impression they produced made it difficult, however, to have any uniform view of them and made it necessary to classify dreams into numerous groups and subdivisions according to their importance and trustworthiness. The position adopted towards dreams by individual philosophers in antiquity was naturally dependent to some extent upon their attitude towards divination in general.
In the two works of Aristotle which -deal with dreams, they have already become a subject for psychological study. We are told that dreams are not sent by the gods and are not of a divine character, but that they are 'daemonic,' since nature is 'daemonic' and not divine.
Dreams, that is, do not arise from supernatural manifesta-tions but follow the laws of the human spirit, though thelatter, it is true, is akin to the divine. Dreams are definedas the mental activ ity of the sleeper in so far as he isasleep.'
Aristotle was aware of some of the characteristics of dream-life. He knew, for instance, that dreams give a magnified construction to small stimuli arising during steep. 'Men think that they are walking through fire and are tremendously hot, when there is only a slight heating about certain parts.' And from this circumstance he draws the conclusion that dreams may very well betray to a physician the first signs of some bodily change which has not been observed in waking.
Before the time of Aristotle, as we know, the ancients regarded dreams not as a product of the dreaming mind but as something introduced by a divine agency; and already the two opposing currents, which we shall find influencing opinions of dream-life at every period of history, were making themselves felt. The distinction was drawn between truthful and valuable dreams, sent to the sleeper to warn him or foretell the future, and vain, deceitful and Worthless dreams, whose purpose it was to mislead or destroy him.The Interpretation of Dreams. Copyright © by Sigmund Freud. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.
Table of Contents
Editor'S Introduction xi
Preface to the First Edition xxiii
Preface to the Second Edition xxv
Preface to the Third Edition xxvii
Preface to the Fourth Edition xxviii
Preface to the Fifth Edition xxix
Preface to the Sixth Edition xxix
Preface to the Eighth Edition xxxi
Preface to the Third (Revised) English Edition xxxii
I The Scientific Literature Dealing With the Problems of Dreams 35
(a) The Relation of Dreams to Waking Life 41
(b) The Material of Dreams-Memory in Dreams 44
(c) The Stimuli and Sources of Dreams 54
(1) External Sensory Stimuli 55
(2) Internal (Subjective) Sensory Excitations 62
(3) Internal Organic Somatic Stimuli 65
(4) Psychical Sources of Stimulation 70
(d) Why Dreams Are Forgotten After Waking 73
(e) The Distinguishing Psychological Characteristics of Dreams 77
(f) The Moral Sense in Dreams 93
(g) Theories of Dreaming and Its Function 101
(h) The Relation Between Dreams and Mental Diseases 113
Postscript, 1909 118
Postscript, 1914 120
II The Method of Interpreting Dreams: An Analysis of a Specimen Dream 121
III A Dream is the Fulfilment of a Wish 147
IV Distortion in Dreams 159
V The Material and Sources of Dreams 187
(a) Recent and Indifferent Material in Dreams 188
(b) Infantile Material as a Source of Dreams 211
(c) The Somatic Sources of Dreams 240
(d) Typical Dreams 259
(?) Embarrassing Dreams of Being Naked 260
(?) Dreams of the Death of Persons of Whom the Dreamer Is Fond 266
(?) Other Typical Dreams 288
(?) Examination Dreams 291
VI The Dream-Work 295
(a) The Work of Condensation 296
(b) The Work of Displacement 322
(c) The Means of Representation in Dreams 326
(d) Considerations of Representability 353
(e) Representation by Symbols in Dreams-Some Further Typical Dreams 363
(f) Some Examples-Calculations and Speeches in Dreams 414
(g) Absurd Dreams-Intellectual Activity in Dreams 434
(h) Affects in Dreams 466
(i) Secondary Revision 493
VII The Psychology of the Dream-Processes 513
(a) The Forgetting of Dreams 516
(b) Regression 535
(c) Wish-Fulfilment 550
(d) Arousal by Dreams-The Function of Dreams-Anxiety-Dreams 572
(e) The Primary and Secondary Processes-Repression 585
(f) The Unconscious and Consciousness-Reality 605
Appendix A A Premonitory Dream Fulfilled 617
Appendix B List of Writings by Freud Dealing Predominantly or Largely with Dreams 621
Additional Notes 623
(a) Author Index and List of Works Quoted 625
(b) List of Works on Dreams Published Before 1900 647
Index Of Dreams
(a) Freud's Own Dreams 653
(b) Other People's Dreams 654
General Index 657
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
This edition of Freud's landmark work is as much an elegant and beautiful art book as it is a guide to dream-interpretation. The pairing of fine art with psychoanalytic theory provides an incredible new angle through which to read the text. Surrealist masterpieces, contemporary art, and works by pre-Freudian artists who anticipated Freud's themes, are beautifully reproduced in this volume. The unique and clever hidden essays, by general editor Jefferey Moussaieff Masson, literally suggest an uncovering and revealing exercise that mirrors the delving process of exploring one's unconscious. Masson skillfully muses over and explains the book's major concepts while also scrutinizing the limitations, contradictions, and errors of Freud's work. This book is as compelling as it is outstanding and should be on everyone's coffee table.
The interpretation of dreams is a wonderful book. However i was unable to enjoy the e-book because all of the pages were jumbled nonsense letters. Very upsetting. Oh, well. Guess i'll stick with paper.
The pages were so tiny & the book had so much extra jumbled text it was unreadable.
The whole thing it ustter gibberish, dont waste your time with it
Too many extra characters and i can generally figure out the main ideas. Not so in this case.
The reviews on the front page gives 4 & 1/2 stars, i wonder why? Its nothing but a bunch of jibberish. Glad this was the free version.....
Well i dont know if i am crazy or blind or if this book isnt english and considering all the reviews are in english and good i am very confused : (
This version is absolutely unreadable on all pages which I checked. Apparently the ocr didn't work.
It was a work of genius, but I felt he missed the overall target...at least he paved the way for such a target to be reached. It is an important book for philosophers and psychologist alike.
All of the words were jumbled and it was barely even a nook. 800 pages of nonsense. Please don't waste your time with this ebook.