ISBN-10:
0521719798
ISBN-13:
9780521719797
Pub. Date:
01/31/2010
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Introducing Morphology

Introducing Morphology

by Rochelle Lieber

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Overview

Introducing Morphology

Morphology is the study of how words are put together. A lively introduction to the subject, this textbook is intended for undergraduates with relatively little background in linguistics. Providing data from a wide variety of languages, it includes hands-on activities such as "Challenge Boxes,"designed to encourage students to gather their own data and analyze them, work with data on websites, perform simple experiments, and discuss topics with each other. There is also an extensive introduction to the terms and concepts necessary for analyzing words. Topics such as the mental lexicon, derivation, compounding, inflection, morphological typology, productivity, and the interface of morphology with syntax and phonology expose students to the whole scope of the field. Unlike other textbooks it anticipates the question "Is it a real word?" and tackles it head-on by looking at the distinction between dictionaries and the mental lexicon.

Features:

"How to? " sections show students how to find data as well as solve problems

"Challenge Boxes" Promote hands-on learning by students

Exercises at the ends of chapters encourage students to apply material covered in the preceding chapter

Chapter previews and summaries, "key words," and a glossary of terms make it easy for students to work through the text

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780521719797
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 01/31/2010
Series: Cambridge Introductions to Language and Linguistics Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 226
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Rochelle Lieber is Professor of Linguistics in the English Department at the University of New Hampshire. She is the recipient of the Bloomfield Award given by the Linguistic Society of America for the Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology (with Laurie Bauer and Ingo Plag, 2015).

Table of Contents

Preface ix

The International Phonetic Alphabet xi

Point and manner of articulation of English consonants and vowels xii

1 What is morphology? 1

1.1 Introduction 2

1.2 What's a word? 3

1.3 Words and lexemes, types and tokens 4

1.4 But is it really a word? 5

1.5 Why do languages have morphology? 6

1.6 The organization of this book 8

Summary 8

Exercises 9

2 Words, dictionaries, and the mental lexicon 11

2.1 Introduction 12

2.2 Why not check the dictionary? 13

2.3 The mental lexicon 15

2.4 More about dictionaries 21

Summary 30

Exercises 30

3 Lexeme formation: the familiar 31

3.1 Introduction 32

3.2 Kinds of morphemes 32

3.3 Affixation 35

3.4 Compounding 43

3.5 Conversion 49

3.6 Minor processes 51

3.7 How to: morphological analysis 53

Summary 55

Exercises 56

4 Productivity and creativity 59

4.1 Introduction 60

4.2 Factors contributing to productivity 61

4.3 Restrictions on productivity 64

4.4 How to: finding words 65

4.5 Ways of measuring productivity 66

4.6 Historical changes in productivity 67

4.7 Productivity versus creativity 70

Summary 71

Exercises 72

5 Lexeme formation: further afield 75

5.1 Introduction 76

5.2 Affixes: beyond prefixes and suffixes 76

5.3 Internal stem change 79

5.4 Reduplication 80

5.5 Templatic morphology 81

Summary 83

Exercises 83

6 Inflection 87

6.1 Introduction 88

6.2 Types of inflection 88

6.3 Inflection in English 99

6.4 Paradigms 103

6.5 Inflection and productivity 106

6.6 Inherent versus contextual inflection 107

6.7 Inflection versus derivation revisited 107

6.8 How to: morphological analysis 110

Summary 113

Exercises 113

7 Typology 117

7.1 Introduction 118

7.2 Universals and particulars: a bit of linguistic history 118

7.3 The genius of languages: what's in your toolkit? 119

7.4 Ways of characterizing languages 132

7.5 Genetic and areal tendencies 138

Summary 139

Exercises 140

8 Words and sentences: the interface between morphology and syntax 143

8.1 Introduction 144

8.2 Argument structure and morphology 144

8.3 On the borders 149

Summary 153

Exercises 154

9 Sounds and shapes: the interface between morphology and phonology 157

9.1 Introduction 158

9.2 Allomorphs 158

9.3 How to: analyzing allomorphy 165

9.4 Lexical strata 168

Summary 173

Exercises 173

10 Theoretical challenges 177

10.1 Introduction 178

10.2 The nature of morphological rules 180

10.3 Lexical integrity 184

10.4 Blocking 186

10.5 Constraits on affix ordering 188

10.6 Bracketing paradoxes 190

10.7 The nature of affixal polysemy 193

10.8 Reprise: what's theory? 195

Summary 195

Exercises 195

Glossary 197

References 207

Index 211

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