Introducing Sociology for AS level

Introducing Sociology for AS level

by Ken Browne

Paperback(Revised)

$28.95

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780745635606
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/19/2006
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 432
Product dimensions: 7.46(w) x 9.68(h) x 1.09(d)

About the Author

Ken Browne isLecturer in Sociology at North Warwickshire and Hinckley College.

Table of Contents

  • CONTENTS
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • INTRODUCTION TO AS SOCIOLOGY
  • AS Sociology
  • Assessment
  • Two themes
  • Key skills
  • How to use this book
  • Useful web sites
  • 1. INTRODUCING SOCIOLOGY
  • Key issues
  • What is sociology?
  • Sociology and common sense
  • Sociology and naturalistic explanations
  • Some key introductory ideas
  • Socialization, culture and identity
  • Roles, role models and role conflict
  • Values and norms
  • Social control
  • Social class, social mobility and status
  • Sociological perspectives
  • Structuralism
  • Social Action or Interpretivist theories
  • Structuration: a middle way between structure and action
  • Feminist perspectives
  • New Right perspectives
  • Postmodernism
  • Sociological Problems, social problems and social policy
  • Accidents as a social and sociological problem
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • 2. FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS
  • Key issues
  • What is the family?
  • What is a household?
  • Different forms of the Family and Marriage
  • Is the nuclear family a universal institution?
  • The Nayar
  • Communes
  • The kibbutz
  • Lone-parent families
  • Gay and lesbian families
  • Foster care and children's homes
  • Sociological perspectives on the family
  • The functionalist perspective
  • The Marxist perspective
  • Marxist feminist and radical feminist perspectives on the family
  • Changes in the family in Britain
  • Family Change 1: Has the family lost its functions?
  • Family Change 2: The decline of the classic extended family and the emergence of the privatized nuclear family?
  • Family Change 3: The emergence of the symmetrical family?
  • Family Change 4: The changing position of children in the family
  • Family Change 5. The decline in average family size
  • Family Change 6: The rising divorce rate
  • Family Change 7: Remarriage and the growth of the reconstituted family
  • Family Change 8: The growth of the lone-parent family
  • Family Change 9: The decline in marriage and the growing incidence and acceptance of cohabitation
  • Family Change 10: The growth in 'singlehood' - living alone
  • Family Change 11: More births outside marriage
  • Family diversity and the myth of the 'cereal packet' family
  • Why is the 'cereal packet' stereotype misleading?
  • The 'darker side' of family life
  • The abuse of children
  • Domestic violence
  • Family Ideology
  • Politics, Social policy and the family
  • Conservative or 'New Right' solutions
  • Labour solutions
  • Is the family a declining social institution?
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • Coursework suggestions
  • Exam questions
  • 3. HEALTH
  • Key issues
  • What is meant by 'health', 'illness', 'disease'?
  • Disability
  • The medical and social models of health
  • The medical (biomedical) model of health
  • The social model of health
  • Becoming a health statistic
  • Medicine and social control: the sick role
  • Features of the sick role
  • Criticisms of Parsons and the sick role
  • The power of the medical profession
  • Protecting the patient?
  • Criticisms of the medical profession
  • The erosion of medical power?
  • Marxist approaches to health and medicine
  • How society influences health
  • Improvements in health in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
  • The new 'disease burden'
  • What are the causes of these new diseases?
  • Inequalities in health
  • Social class differences in health
  • Gender differences in health
  • Ethnic inequalities in health
  • Inequalities of access to health care
  • Geography
  • Social Class
  • Disability
  • Mental illness
  • What is mental illness?
  • Care in the community
  • The biomedical approach to mental illness
  • The social construction of mental illness
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • Coursework suggestions
  • Exam questions
  • 4. MASS MEDIA
  • Key issues
  • The power Of The media: key questions
  • Formal controls on the media
  • The law
  • The government and the state
  • The Press Complaints Commission
  • Ownership of the mass media
  • The mass media and ideology
  • Do the owners of the media control their content?
  • The manipulative or instrumentalist approach
  • The dominant ideology or hegemonic approach
  • The pluralist approach
  • The effects of the mass media: does control of the media matter anyway?
  • The hypodermic syringe model
  • The two-step flow model
  • The cultural effects model
  • The uses and gratifications model
  • Violence and the media
  • Problems of researching media violence
  • What affects the contents of the media? Bias in the media
  • The owners
  • Making a profit
  • Organizational constraints
  • Agenda-setting
  • Gate-keeping
  • Norm-setting
  • The presentation and social construction of the news
  • Inaccurate and false reporting
  • News values and 'newsworthiness'
  • The assumptions and activities of journalists
  • The media, crime and deviance
  • The work of Stan Cohen
  • Media representations and stereotyping
  • Media representations of age
  • Media representations of social class
  • Media representations of ethnicity
  • Media representations of gender
  • Media representations of disability
  • The mass media and mass culture
  • Mass culture
  • 'High culture'
  • A Marxist view of mass culture
  • Criticisms of the idea of a 'mass culture'
  • Into the future
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • Coursework suggestions
  • Exam questions
  • 5. EDUCATION
  • Key issues
  • Education in Britain before the 1970s
  • Comprehensive schools and selection
  • Education from 1988 onwards: the free market in education and increased state intervention
  • The 1988 Education Reform Act and other changes
  • The Labour government and education
  • Vocational education
  • Features of the new vocational education
  • Criticisms of the free market in education, vocational education, and other recent changes
  • The middle class have gained the most
  • Social class divisions
  • The unfairness of league tables
  • The risk to student needs
  • Difficulties in improving schools
  • 'Dumbing down'
  • Inadequate vocational education
  • Sociological Perspectives on Education
  • The functionalist perspective on education
  • Marxist perspectives on education
  • Interactionist perspectives on education
  • Is contemporary Britain a meritocracy?
  • Natural Intelligence or IQ
  • Social class differences in educational achievement
  • Explaining social class differences in educational attainment
  • Gender differences in educational achievement: the underachievement of boys
  • Problems remaining for girls
  • Explaining gender differences in education
  • Some concluding comments on gender and underachievement
  • Ethnicity and educational achievement
  • Explanations for ethnic group differences in education
  • Some words of caution
  • Private education: The independent schools
  • The case for independent schools
  • The case against independent schools
  • Elite education and elite jobs
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • Coursework suggestions
  • Exam questions
  • 6. WEALTH, WELFARE AND POVERTY
  • Key issues
  • Wealth and income
  • The distribution of wealth and income
  • Who are the rich?
  • Attempts to redistribute wealth and income
  • Explaining the distribution of wealth and income
  • The welfare state
  • What is the welfare state?
  • Who provides welfare?
  • Theoretical approaches to welfare
  • The social democratic approach (the welfare model)
  • The market liberal or New Right approach
  • Marxist approaches
  • Feminist approaches
  • The welfare state and social inequality
  • The inverse care law
  • Inequalities between ethnic groups
  • Gender inequality
  • The welfare state and poverty
  • The 'New Labour' government of 1997
  • Poverty
  • Changing views of poverty
  • Defining poverty
  • The extent of poverty in Britain
  • Who are the poor?
  • Explaining Poverty
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • Coursework suggestions
  • Exam questions
  • 7. WORK AND LEISURE
  • Key issues
  • Defining work, non-work and leisure
  • Work
  • Non-work
  • Leisure
  • Three periods of time
  • The importance of work
  • Work and identity
  • The changing nature of work and leisure
  • Work and leisure in pre-industrial society
  • Work and leisure in industrial society
  • The management and organization of work
  • Technology and the control of work
  • Alienation and job satisfaction
  • Post-Fordism and flexible specialization
  • The future of work
  • The effects of changing technology on society
  • Conflict at work
  • Strikes
  • The causes of conflict at work
  • Unemployment
  • Unemployment statistics
  • Who is most at risk of unemployment?
  • Types of unemployment
  • The causes of unemployment
  • The effects or consequences of unemployment
  • Leisure, identity and consumption
  • What is leisure?
  • The changing pattern of leisure
  • Leisure and identity
  • Factors influencing the choice of leisure activity
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • Coursework suggestions
  • Exam questions
  • 8. SOCIOLOGICAL METHODS
  • Key issues
  • Influences on the choice of research method
  • Positivism and research methods
  • Interpretivism and research methods
  • Other influences on the choice of research method
  • Key issues in social research
  • Primary and secondary data
  • Qualitative secondary sources
  • The advantages and uses of qualitative secondary sources
  • The disadvantages and limitations of qualitative secondary sources
  • Content analysis
  • Quantitative secondary sources
  • The advantages and uses of official statistics
  • The problems and limitations of official statistics
  • The experimental (laboratory) method of research
  • Problems of using the experimental method in sociology
  • The comparative method
  • Surveys and sampling methods
  • Who uses the survey method?
  • Representativeness and sampling
  • The stages of a survey
  • Problems of the social survey
  • Questionnaires
  • The nature and use of questionnaires
  • Questionnaire design: some principles and problems
  • Types of questionnaire
  • The validity of questionnaire research
  • Interviews
  • Structured or formal interviews
  • Unstructured or informal (in-depth) interviews
  • General problems of interviews
  • Concluding remarks on interviews
  • Participant observation
  • The theoretical context of participant observation
  • The stages of participant observation and related problems
  • The strengths and weaknesses of participant observation
  • Reliability and validity in participant observation
  • Non-participant observation
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Case studies and life histories
  • Triangulation
  • Doing your own research
  • 1. Hypothesis or aim
  • 2. Context and concepts
  • 3. Main research method and reasons
  • 4. Potential problems
  • Chapter summary
  • Key terms
  • Exam questions
  • Glossary
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews