Introduction to Audiology, Eighth Edition is the leading book for the introduction to hearing and hearing disorders studies required of all those wishing to complete the study of audiology. This book provides in-depth coverage of the physics of sound, anatomy and physiology of the auditory system; causes and treatment of hearing disorders; and the relevant diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. It emphasizes the proper evaluation of hearing disorders and the treatment avenues available for these disorders. For those training in audiology studies.
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About the Author
Frederick N. Martin, PhD, is the Lillie Hage Jamail Centennial Professor Emeritus in Communication Sciences and Disorders at The University of Texas at Austin. In addition to Introduction to Audiology, he has authored seven books, co-authored another seven, edited thirteen, and co-edited three including texts on pediatric audiology, medical audiology, and audiological counseling. He has written 24 chapters for edited texts, 122 journal articles, 104 convention or conference papers, and 5 CD-ROMs. Dr. Martin was named Professor of the Year by the National Student Speech-Language-Hearing Association for 2002-2003 and is the recipient of numerous additional teaching awards and recognitions including the Career Award in Hearing from the American Academy of Audiology.
John Greer Clark, PhD, is a professor and director of audiology education at the University of Cincinnati. A frequent presenter at state, national and international conferences, he has served as a faculty fellow for the Ida Institute in Naerum, Denmark, and a board member of the American Academy of Audiology. Dr. Clark is a past president of the Academy of Rehabilitative Audiology and past chair of the American Board of Audiology. He is the author of over 100 publications including three edited textbooks, a variety of co-edited and co-authored texts (including the popular Counseling-Infused Audiologic Care co-authored with Dr. Kristina English and published by Pearson), two single-authored books, and 17 book chapters. He is the recipient of the Distinguished Achievement Award from the American Academy of Audiology.
Table of Contents
I. ELEMENTS OF AUDIOLOGY.
1. The Profession of Audiology.
The Evolution of Audiology.
Prevalence and Impact of Hearing Loss.
2. The Human Ear and Simple Tests of Hearing.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear.
Pathways of Sound.
Types of Hearing Loss.
Tuning Fork Tests.
3. Sound and Its Measurements.
II. HEARING ASSESSMENT.
4. Pure-Tone Audiometry.
The Pure-Tone Audiometer.
The Patient's Role in Manual Pure-Tone Audiometry.
The Clinician's Role in Manual Pure-Tone Audiometry.
The Audiometric Weber Test.
5. Speech Audiometry.
The Diagnostic Audiometer.
The Patient's Role in Speech Audiometry.
The Clinician's Role in Speech Audiometry.
Masking for SRT.
Most Comfortable Loudness Level.
Uncomfortable Loudness Level.
Range of Comfortable Loudness.
Computerized Speech Audiometry.
6. Electrophysiological Tests.
Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE).
Auditory Evoked Potentials.
7. Behavioral Tests for Site of Lesion.
The Short Increment Sensitivity Index.
8. Hearing Tests for Children.
Identifying Hearing Loss in Infants under Three Months of Age.
Objective Testing in Routine Pediatric Hearing Evaluation.
Behavioral Testing of Children from Birth to Approximately Two Years of Age.
Behavioral Testing of Children Approximately Two to Five Years of Age.
Auditory Processing Disorders.
Identifying Hearing Loss in the Schools.
Nonorganic Hearing Loss in Children.
III. HEARING DISORDERS.
9. The Outer Ear.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Outer Ear.
Development of the Outer Ear.
Hearing Loss and the Outer Ear.
Disorders of the Outer Ear and Their Treatments.
10. The Middle Ear.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Middle Ear.
Development of the Middle Ear.
Hearing Loss and the Middle Ear.
Disorders of the Middle Ear and Their Treatments.
Other Causes of Middle-Ear Hearing Loss.
11. The Inner Ear.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Inner Ear.
Development of the Inner Ear.
Hearing Loss and the Inner Ear.
Causes of Inner-Ear Disorders.
12. The Auditory Nerve and Central Auditory Pathways.
Anatomy and physiology of the Auditory Nerve and Ascending Auditory Pathways.
The Descending Auditory Pathways.
Development of the Auditory Nerve and Central Auditory Nervous System.
Summary of the Auditory Pathways.
Hearing Loss and the Auditory Nerve and Central Auditory Pathways.
Disorders of the Auditory Nerve.
Disorders of the Cochlear Nuclei.
Disorders of the Higher Auditory Disorders.
Tests for Auditory Processing Disorders.
13. Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
Patients with Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
Tests for Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
Management of Patients with Nonorganic Hearing Loss.
IV. MANAGEMENT OF HEARING LOSS.
14. Amplification/Sensory Systems.
Hearing Aid Development.
Hearing Aid Circuit Overview.
Characteristics of Hearing Aids.
Types of Hearing Aids.
Selecting Hearing-Aid Candidates.
Dispensing Hearing Aids.
Verifying Hearing Aid Performance.
Hearing Assistance Technologies.
15. Audiological Treatment.
Referral to Other Specialists.
Management of Adult Hearing Impairment.
Management of Childhood Hearing Impairment.
The Deaf Community.
Management of Tinnitus.