Introduction to Criminology: Why Do They Do It? / Edition 1 available in Paperback
Introduction to Criminology, Why Do They Do It?, Second Edition, by Pamela J. Schram Stephen G. Tibbetts, offers a contemporary and integrated discussion of the key theories that help us understand crime in the 21st century. With a focus on why offenders commit crimes, this bestseller skillfully engages students with real-world cases and examples to help students explore the fundamentals of criminology. To better align with how instructors actually teach this course, coverage of violent and property crimes has been integrated into the theory chapters, so students can clearly understand the application of theory to criminal behavior.
Unlike other introductory criminology textbooks, the Second Edition discusses issues of diversity in each chapter and covers many contemporary topics that are not well represented in other texts, such as feminist criminology, cybercrime, hate crimes, white-collar crime, homeland security, and identity theft. Transnational comparisons regarding crime rates and the methods other countries use to deal with crime make this edition the most universal to date and a perfect companion for those wanting to learn about criminology in context.
|Edition description:||Older Edition|
|Product dimensions:||8.30(w) x 10.70(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Pamela Schram has published on such topics as female offenders, especially those women involved in violent offenses as well women in prison. Her research interests also include examining treatment effects on gang and non-gang members. She is currently focusing on issues pertaining to elderly prisoners. Dr. Schram has been involved in various research projects that have primarily focused on evaluating treatment effectiveness such as juvenile diversion options and programs for at-risk youths. She has published three books, four book chapters, and over 20 scholarly papers. Dr. Schram received her Ph.D. from Michigan State University. She is currently the Associate Dean of the College of Social and Behavior Sciences at California State University, San Bernardino.
Stephen G. Tibbetts, currently a Professor at California State University, San Bernardino, has been pursuing an understanding of criminal offending for over the past two decades. He has attempted to discover the extent to which individuals’ inherent dispositions and attitudinal traits contribute to their offending decisions, especially in relation to other factors, such as demographic, developmental, and situational factors. Dr. Tibbetts’ research has included work on the differences between men and women in their decisions to commit deviant behavior, as well as their perceptions of risk and consequences of getting caught. His additional research interests include the effects of perinatal disorders as an influence in future criminality, the etiology of white-collar crime, and gang intervention. Dr. Tibbetts has published nine books and more than 50 scholarly papers examining various issues in criminology. He received the 2011 Outstanding Professor Award at CSU, San Bernardino. He previously worked extensively as an Officer of the Court in providing recommendations for dispositions of numerous juvenile court cases from 1997 to 2008.
Table of ContentsPrefaceAcknowledgmentsAbout the AuthorsChapter 1: Introduction to Criminology Introduction Key Concepts to Understanding Criminology The Criminal Justice System Criminology Theory Victimology Conclusion Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 2: Measuring Crime Introduction Crime Data From Law Enforcement Agencies Crime Data from Victims of Crime: The National Crime Victimization Survey Crime Data from Self-Report Surveys Additional Approaches to Collecting Crime Data Conclusion Key Terms Discussion Questions Web resourcesChapter 3: Classical School of Criminology Thought Introduction Pre-Classical Perspectives of Crime and Punishment The Age of Enlightenment The Classical School of Criminology Impact of Beccaria’s Work on Other Theorists The Neoclassical School of Criminology Loss of Dominance of Classical/ Neoclassical Theory Policy Implications Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 3 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 4: Contemporary Classical and Deterrence Research Introduction Rebirth of Deterrence Theory and Contemporary Research Rational Choice Theory Routine Activities Theory Policy Implications Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 4 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 5: Early Positivism Introduction Early Biological Theories of Behavior Physiognomy Lombroso’s Theory of Atavism and Born Criminals AFTER Lombroso: The IQ-Testing Era Body Type Theory: Sheldon’s Model of Somatotyping Policy Implications Case Study Revisited: Javier Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 5 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 6: Modern Biosocial Perspectives of Criminal Behavior Introduction Nature Versus Nurture: Studies Examining the Influence of Genetics and Environment Cytogenetic Studies: The XYY Factor Hormones and Neurotransmitters: Chemicals That Determine Criminal Behavior Brain Injuries Central and Autonomic Nervous System Activity Biosocial Approaches Toward Explaining Criminal Behavior Policy Implications Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 6 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 7: Psychological/ Trait Theories of Crime Introduction Early Psychological Theorizing Regarding Criminal Behavior John Bowlby: Attachment Theory Mental Health and the Criminal Justice System Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 7 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 8: Social Structure Theories of Crime I Introduction Early Theories of Social Structure: Early to Late 1800s Durkheim and the Concept of Anomie Merton’s Strain Theory Variations of Merton’s Strain Theory General Strain Theory Summary of Strain Theories Policy Implications of Strain Theory Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 8 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 9: Social Structure Theories of Crime II Introduction The Ecological School and the Chicago School of Criminology Shaw and McKay’s Theory of Social Disorganization Cultural and Subcultural Theories of Crime Criticisms of Cultural Theories of Crime Policy Implications Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 9 Discussion Questions Web Resources Key TermsChapter 10: Social Process and Control Theories of Crime Introduction Learning Theories Differential Reinforcement Theory Psychological Learning Models Neutralization Theory Control Theories Early Control Theories of Human Behavior Early Control Theories of Crime Modern Social Control Theories Integrated Social Control Theories A General Theory of Crime: Low Self-Control Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 10 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 11: Labeling Theory and Conflict/Marxist/ Radical Theories of Crime Introduction Labeling Theory Foundation of Labeling Theory Evaluating Labeling Theory Conflict Perspectives The Conservative (Pluralist) Conflict Perspectives The Radical Conflict Perspectives Additional Explanations of Crime Using a Marxist Framework Evaluating Conflict Theories Additional Critical Theories Policies Related to Labeling and Conflict Theories of Crime Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 11 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 12: Feminist Theories of Crime Introduction Feminist Perspectives on Gender Traditional Theories of Female Crime Feminist Critiques of Previous Research Studying Women and Crime Liberation Thesis Power-Control Theory Feminist Perspectives on Understanding Crime and Criminal Behavior Critiques of Feminist Theories Policies Based on Feminist Theories of Crime Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 12 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 13: Developmental/ Life-Course Perspectives criminality Basic Concepts and Early Developmental Theory Antidevelopmental Theory: Low Self-Control Theory Modern Developmental/Life-Course Perspectives Policy Implications Conclusion Summary of Theories in Chapter 13 Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 14: White-Collar Crime, Organized Crime, and Cybercrime Introduction What is White-Collar Crime? Definitions and History of White-Collar Crime Incidence and Impact of White-Collar Crime on Society Types of White-Collar Crime Theoretical Explanations of White-Collar Crime What is Organized Crime? Criminal Justice Responses to Organized Crime What is Cybercrime? Conclusion Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 15: Hate Crimes, Terrorism, and Home land Security Introduction What Is a Hate Crime? Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 Church Arson Prevention Act of 1996 Campus Hate Crimes Right to Know Act of 1997 Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009 Model State Legislation: Hate Crimes/ Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness Multicide School Attacks Disparity in Rates of Committing Multicide Across Race and Religious Ideology What Is Terrorism? Financial Support Influence of the Media Domestic Terrorism What Is Homeland Security? Definition of Homeland Security Homeland Security Organizational Network Bureaucratic Problems and Solutions Issues Related to Civil Liberties Human Rights The Constitution Policy Implications Conclusion Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesChapter 16: Drugs and Crime Introduction Commonly Abused Drugs Trends of Drug Use The Drug-Crime Link Modern Policies Related to Reducing Drug Use Recommendations for Future Policies Conclusion Key Terms Discussion Questions Web ResourcesGlossaryNotesIndex