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Cengage Learning
Introduction to Early Childhood Education / Edition 4

Introduction to Early Childhood Education / Edition 4

by Eva Essa, Eva L. Essa


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Introduction to Early Childhood Education / Edition 4

This third edition encompasses a full range of relevant topics with enough information to offer sufficient depth without overwhelming students. Text provides a comprehensive overview of the field of early childhood education, including an introduction to child development, an historic and theoretical view of the field, socialization and helping children deal with stress. The text incorporates the latest research in a useful way, linking its relevance to practical application. Current national and professional developments are discussed in special features to provide linkage to contemporary happenings. A separate edition for instructors has a built-in instruction guide with suggested assignments, class activities, and films.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780766834507
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 07/17/2002
Edition description: Annotated Student's Edition
Pages: 560
Product dimensions: 8.18(w) x 10.24(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Eva L. Essa is a professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno, where she has been on the faculty since 1971. The author of several books, Ms. Essa has been engaged in writing and research, published in various professional journals, and has been involved with the National Child Development Associate Program since its inception.

Table of Contents

Part IThe What of Early Childhood Education1
Chapter 1The Scope of and Need for Early Childhood Education3
The Growth of Early Childhood Education3
What Is Included in Early Childhood Education?7
Defining Quality in Early Childhood Programs16
The Future of Early Childhood Education23
Part IIThe Who of Early Childhood Education29
Chapter 2The Children31
Children with Special Needs45
Working with Parents of Special Children56
Chapter 3The Families60
A Theoretical Perspective60
The Changing American Family61
The Needs of Families64
Communicating with Families67
Family Involvement75
Parent Education77
Chapter 4The Teachers/Caregivers82
The Early Childhood Teacher and Caregiver82
Staffing in Early Childhood Programs85
Training and Regulation in Early Childhood Education91
Some Current Issues and Dilemmas98
Parent Support for the Early Childhood Profession105
Part IIIThe Why of Early Childhood Education109
Chapter 5Rationale Supporting Early Childhood Education111
A Look Back--Children through Time112
Influential People in the History of Early Childhood Education113
Influential Theorists of Child Development118
Application of Theories in Early Childhood Education126
Research Support for Early Childhood Education143
Chapter 6Goals, Objectives, and Evaluation150
Part IVThe Where of Early Childhood Education175
Chapter 7The Physical Environment177
Effects of the Physical Environment177
Arranging the Indoor Environment179
Arranging the Outdoor Environment186
Adapting the Environment190
Developmentally Appropriate Equipment191
Developmentally Appropriate Materials196
Parents' Role in the Early Childhood Environment200
Part VThe How of Early Childhood Education--Curriculum205
Chapter 8Scheduling and Curriculum Planning207
Components of the Early Childhood Schedule207
Guidelines for Program Scheduling213
Types of Schedules217
Flexibility of the Schedule218
What is Curriculum?221
Developing Written Plans for Theme-Based Curriculum227
Emergent Curriculum230
Parent Involvement in the Curriculum233
Chapter 9Creative Development through the Curriculum236
What Is Creativity?236
An Environment That Encourages Creativity238
Parental Values for Creativity262
Factors that Decrease Creativity263
Chapter 10Physical Development through the Curriculum268
A Developmental Framework for Motor Development268
Components of Motor Development269
Gross Motor Activities277
Fine Motor Activities--Manipulatives286
Sensory Activities289
Caring for the Body291
Parental Values Related to Physical Development and Care296
Chapter 11Cognitive Development through the Curriculum299
Theoretical Foundations of Cognitive Development299
Enhancing Infants' Cognitive Development305
Cognitive Tasks306
Parental Values for Cognitive Development323
Chapter 12Language Development through the Curriculum326
Theoretical Views of Language Development326
Components of Language328
Language and the Early Childhood Curriculum337
Parental Values for Language Development350
Chapter 13Social Development through the Curriculum355
Social Development and the Brain355
Theoretical Views of the Socialization Process356
Development of Social Competence357
Development of Prosocial Behaviors374
Sociodramatic Play374
Cooperative Games375
Reflecting the Family's Culture and Values377
Part VIThe How of Early Childhood Education--Guidance381
Chapter 14Guiding Routines and Group Activities383
Arrival and Departure Times383
The New Child at School386
Meals and Eating Behavior387
Diapering and Toileting394
Sleep and Rest Times398
Parental Concerns About Routines400
Factors That Affect Group Behavior401
Group Guidance and the Daily Schedule404
The Unusual Situation412
Chapter 15Guiding Social Behaviors418
What Behaviors Do We Expect of Young Children?418
Philosophies of Guidance420
Important Definitions426
Some Techniques of Guidance426
What Is the Difference Between Normal and Problem Behavior?434
Factors That Affect Children's Behavior436
Dealing with Specific Behavior Problems441
Working with Parents to Solve Behavior Problems452
Chapter 16Helping Children Cope with Stress455
Defining Stress and Coping455
Sources of Stress in Children's Lives457
Children's Reactions to Stress469
Techniques to Help Children Cope with Stress471
Self-Protection Programs479
Helping Families Cope with Stress479
Name Index527
Subject Index533

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