About the Author
Dr. Craig A. Mertler is currently an Associate Professor at Arizona State University. He began his career as a high school biology teacher. He has been an educator for 32 years22 of those in higher education at Bowling Green State University, the University of West Georgia, Lynn University, and Arizona State University, and 9 as an administrator (department chair, doctoral program director, and education dean). Over his career, he has taught courses focused on the application of action research to promote educator empowerment, school improvement, and job-embedded professional development, as well as classroom assessment, research methods, and statistical analyses. He has served as the research methodology expert on more than 100 doctoral dissertations and master’s theses. He is the author of 23 books, 8 invited book chapters, and 20 refereed journal articles. He has also presented more than 35 research papers at professional meetings around the country, as well as internationally.
Dr. Mertler can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org for consulting, professional development, and speaking engagements. Additionally, you can visit his website at craigmertler.com and connect with him on Twitter @craigmertler.
Table of Contents
PrefaceAcknowledgmentsAbout the AuthorPART I. INITIAL RESEARCH CONSIDERATIONSChapter 1. What Is Educational Research? Finding Answers to Questions The Scientific Method Educational ResearchWhat It Is and What It Is Not Educational Research as a Process Knowing Your Specific Discipline Educators as ResearchersChapter 2. Overview of the Educational Research Process Identifying and Limiting a Research Topic or Problem Formally Stating and Refining Research Question(s) Reviewing Existing Literature Related to the Problem Writing a Literature Review Developing a Research Plan Implementing the Research Plan and Collecting Data Analyzing the Data Stating Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations in a Written Research Report The Educational Research ProcessA Brief ExampleChapter 3. Identifying a Research Problem Identifying a Research Topic or Problem Necessary Terminology Related to Research Research Questions and HypothesesChapter 4. Ethics in Educational Research Ethical Considerations in the Conduct of Research Ethics in Qualitative Versus Quantitative Studies Institutional Review Boards Formal Preparation for Research with Human ParticipantsChapter 5. Reviewing Related Research Literature What Is a Literature Review? Sources for Literature Related to Your Research Topic Searching the ERIC Online Database Searching the Google Scholar Online Database Writing Your Literature Review Not Just for Conducting ResearchValuable Sources for Professional DevelopmentPART II. DESIGNING A RESEARCH STUDYChapter 6. Qualitative Research Methods Characteristics of Qualitative Research The Qualitative Research Process Approaches to Conducting Qualitative Research More About Ethnographic Research More About Narrative ResearchChapter 7. Quantitative Research Methods Characteristics of Quantitative Research The Quantitative Research Process Nonexperimental Research Designs Experimental Research Designs Threats to Validity in Quantitative DesignsChapter 8. Mixed-Methods Research Characteristics of Mixed-Methods Research The Mixed-Methods Research Process Approaches to Conducting Mixed-Methods Research Validity in Mixed-Methods Research Strengths and Limitations of Mixed-Methods ResearchChapter 9. Action Research Characteristics of Action Research The Action Research Process Action Planning and Reflection Validity in Action Research Strengths and Limitations of Action ResearchChapter 10. Writing a Research Proposal Purpose of a Research Proposal General Aspects of a Research Proposal Components of a Quantitative Research Proposal Components of a Qualitative Research Proposal Proposals for Action Research and Mixed-Methods StudiesPART III. COLLECTING AND ANALYZING DATAChapter 11. Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis Sampling Techniques in Qualitative Research Qualitative Data Collection Techniques Characteristics of Qualitative Data: Accuracy, Credibility, and Dependability Qualitative Data Analysis TechniquesChapter 12. Quantitative Data Collection Sampling Techniques in Quantitative Research Scales of Measurement Quantitative Data Collection Techniques Characteristics of Quantitative Data: Validity and ReliabilityChapter 13. Quantitative Data Analysis Quantitative Data Analysis TechniquesPART IV. THE RESEARCH REPORTChapter 14. Writing a Final Research Report Importance of the Audience General Guidelines for Writing a Research Report Practical Guidelines for Writing An Example of a Research ReportAppendix: Teachers’ Perceptions of the Influence of No Child Left Behind on Classroom PracticesGlossaryReferencesIndex