ISBN-10:
0205790127
ISBN-13:
9780205790128
Pub. Date:
12/22/2010
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Introduction to Forensic Anthropology / Edition 4

Introduction to Forensic Anthropology / Edition 4

by Steven N. Byers

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205790128
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 12/22/2010
Series: Pearson Custom Anthropology Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 468
Sales rank: 962,911
Product dimensions: 8.10(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Steven N. Byers has a Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico (UNM), USA. Now retired, he worked for a number of years on various campuses of UNM, teaching courses in Forensic Anthropology, Biological Anthropology, and Archaeology. He is currently serving on the Anthropology Consensus Body of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Standards Board, in addition to focusing on Southeastern United States bioarchaeology. Byers’ publications with Taylor & Francis include Introduction to Forensic Anthropology (in its 5th edition), and Forensic Anthropology Lab Manual (in its 4th edition).

Table of Contents

Foreword by Stanley Rhine

Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction

Historical Background

Forensic Anthropologists and the Medicolegal Community

Forensic Anthropology and Juriceprudence

Forensic Anthropology Protocol and the Layout of This Book

Methods of Forensic Anthropology

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 2 Basics of Human Osteology and Odontology

Overview of the Human Skeleton

Basic Topics in Osteology

Overview of the Human Dentition

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 3 Establishing Medicolegal Significance

Distinguishing Bone and Teeth From Other Material

Distinguishing Human From Nonhuman

Contemporary Versus Noncontemporary

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 4 Recovery Scene Methods

Preliminary Issues

Locating Remains

Mapping Remains

Grave Excavation

Remains

Disasters

Genocide Investigations

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 5 Estimating Postmortem Interval

Overview of Decomposition

Decomposition and Skeletonization

Animal Scavenging

MethodsSummary • Exercises

Chapter 6 Initial Treatment and Examination

Forensic Anthropology Laboratory

Preparation of Remains

Reconstruction, Sorting, and Reassembly

Inventorying Remains

Highly Fragmented Remains

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 7 Attribution of Ancestry

Anthroposcopic Traits

Metric Methods

Miscellaneous Ancestral Characteristics

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 8 Attribution of Sex

Sexing the Pelvis

Sexing the Skull

Miscellaneous Methods

Sexing Subadults

Other Methods

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 9 Estimation of Age at Death

Subadults

Adults

Symphyseal Surface

Auricular Surface of the Os Coxa

Sternal Rib Ends

Cranial Suture Closure

Other MethodsSummary • Exercises

Chapter 10 Calculation of Stature

Basics of Stature Reconstruction

Full Skeleton Methods

Long Limb Bones

Other Skeletal Elements

Fleshed Body Segments

Partial Long Limb Bones

Adjustments to StatureSummary • Exercises

Chapter 11 Death, Trauma, and the Skeleton

Cause and Manner of Death

Basics of Bone Trauma

of Forces Causing Trauma

Types of Trauma

Timing of Bone Injury

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 12 Projectile Trauma

Basics of Ammunition and Firearms

Basics of Bullet Travel

Effects of Bullets on Bone

Bullet Wound Analysis

Pellet Wound Analysis

Miscellaneous Projectiles

Determining Cause and Manner of Death

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 13 Blunt Trauma

Characteristics of Instruments

Types of Fractures

Effects of Blunt Instruments

Wound Analysis

Determining Cause and Manner of DeathSummary • Exercises

Chapter 14 Sharp and Miscellaneous Trauma

Sharp Trauma

Effects of Sharp Instruments

Wound Analysis

Blast Trauma

Chemical Trauma

Determining Cause and Manner of DeathSummary • Exercises

Chapter 15 Antemortem Skeletal Conditions

Pathological Conditions

Skeletal Anomalies

Occupational Stress Markers

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 16 Postmortem Changes to Bone

Dismemberments

Animal Scavenging

Fire Damage

Weathering

Burial Damage

Water Transport Damage

Miscellaneous

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 17 Additional Aspects of Individualization

Facial Approximation

Assessing Handedness

Estimating Body Weight

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 18 Obtaining an Identification

Positive Identification

Probable Identification

Miscellaneous Techniques

Summary • Exercises

Chapter 19 Conclusion

Ethical Responsibilities

The Final Report

Courtroom Testimony

Future of Forensic Anthropology

Summary

References

Note on Photography

Index

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