An Introduction to Japanese Linguistics / Edition 2

An Introduction to Japanese Linguistics / Edition 2

by Natsuko Tsujimura
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An Introduction to Japanese Linguistics / Edition 2

An Introduction to Japanese Linguistics gives a comprehensive account of Japanese linguistics, covering phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, language variation including dialectal variation and gender differences, and language acquisition. The author introduces linguistic notions and terminology and discusses theoretical analyses of linguistic phenomena in the language. This text serves as a descriptive source and a theoretical foundation for students and scholars in linguistics as well as those interested in the Japanese language more generally. It is also intended to be used as a pedagogical tool to provide basic notions and terminology in linguistics, and to introduce students to linguistic argumentation.

This new edition offers an entirely new chapter on language acquisition which includes experimental research and its implications for phonological, syntactic, and semantic issues. The coverage of morphology has been expanded to include new sections on nominalization and compounding, and a new discussion of pragmatics and discourse analysis is incorporated into coverage of semantics. Each chapter is also supported by exercises exploring descriptive and theoretical issues, and by updated reading lists which introduce students to the research literature.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781405110655
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/22/2006
Series: Blackwell Textbooks in Linguistics Series
Edition description: REV
Pages: 520
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.70(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables, and Maps     xii
Preface to the Second Edition     xiii
Acknowledgments     xv
Introduction     1
Suggested Readings     3
Phonetics     5
Phonetic Inventory     7
Place/Manner of Articulation and Voicing     7
Phonetic Inventory of English - Consonants     8
Stops     8
Fricatives     9
Affricates     10
Approximants     10
Nasals     10
Phonetic Inventory of Japanese - Consonants     11
Stops     11
Fricatives     11
Affricates     13
Approximants     13
Nasals     14
Phonetic Inventory of English - Vowels     15
Phonetic Inventory of Japanese - Vowels     17
Notes     18
Suggested Readings     19
Exercises     20
Phonology     22
Phonological Rules in Japanese     23
Devoicing of High Vowels     23
Nasal Assimilation     27
Alveolar Alternations     30
[h]/[Phi]/[c] Alternations     34
Digression on thePhoneme Status of [t[superscript s], c, s, j, [Phi], c]     35
Verbal Conjugation Rules     37
Rule Ordering     46
Sequential Voicing - "Rendaku"     50
Mora vs. Syllable     58
Speech Errors     61
English     61
Japanese     63
Language Games: "Babibu" Language     64
Accentuation in Japanese     66
Stress vs. Pitch     66
Accentuation in Japanese     67
Mora vs. Syllable     71
Accentuation of Long Nominal Compounds     73
Accentuation of Short Nominal Compounds     79
Accentual Variation among Endings     82
Mimetics     85
Loan Words     89
Casual Speech and Fast Speech     92
Length Requirements     94
Notes     104
Suggested Readings     106
Exercises     107
Morphology     114
Parts of Speech Categories     115
Nouns     115
Verbs     116
Adjectives     119
Adverbs     120
Postpositions     121
Case Particles     122
Adjectival Nouns      125
Verbal Nouns     127
Morpheme Types     129
Word Formation     137
Affixation     137
Compounding     138
Reduplication     140
Clipping     141
Borrowing     141
Head     143
Issues in Japanese Morphology (1): Transitive and Intransitive Verb Pairs     143
Issues in Japanese Morphology (2): Nominalization     153
Issues in Japanese Morphology (3): Compounding     160
Background     160
N-V Compounds     164
V-V Compounds     169
Lexical vs. Syntactic V-V Compounds     169
Lexical V-V Compounds: Semantic Relations     179
Lexical V-V Compounds: Transitivity and Argument Structure     184
Transitive and Intransitive Compound Verb Pairs     188
Compound Verbs and Nominalization     196
Notes     198
Suggested Readings     200
Exercises     201
Syntax     206
Syntactic Structures     207
Syntactic Constituency     207
Phrase Structures     208
Phrase Structure Rules     211
The Notion of Head      219
Subcategorization     220
Structural Relations     223
Transformational Rules     224
Yes-No Question     224
WH-Movement     226
Word Order and Scrambling     229
Scrambling Phenomenon     229
Configurationality     231
Evidence for the Movement Analysis     235
Numeral Quantifiers     236
Pronominal Reference     242
Some Restrictions on Scrambling     248
Null Anaphora     254
Syntactic Representation of Null Anaphora     255
Interpretation of Null Anaphora     257
Reflexives     257
Zibun     258
Zibun-Zisin     267
The Notion of Subject     269
Reflexivization     271
Subject Honorification     272
Passives     273
Direct Passives     274
Indirect Passives (Adversative Passives)     278
Ni Yotte-Passives     281
Causatives     287
O-Causatives and M-Causatives     287
The Double-O Constraint     289
The Structure of Causatives     294
Causative Passives      297
Adversative Causatives     298
Lexical Causatives     298
Relative Clauses (Sentence Modifiers)     301
The Ga/No Conversion     302
Relative Clauses without Gaps     303
Internally Headed Relative Clauses     306
Unaccusativity     307
The Light Verb Construction     313
Further Issues on Phrase Structure     316
X'-Theory     316
Application to Japanese     324
Notes     328
Suggested Readings     331
Exercises     333
Semantics     340
Word Meaning and Sentence Meaning     341
Word/Phrase Meaning and Types of Relationships     341
Sentence Meaning     344
Metaphors and Idioms     347
Deixis     349
Mimetics     360
Tense and Aspect     364
Tense     364
Aspect     369
Grammatical Aspect     369
Lexical Aspect     375
Aspectual Verbs     389
Verb Semantics     397
Linking Regularity and Unaccusativity     397
Semantic Classes of Verbs and their Syntactic Patterns      399
Lexicalization     401
Pragmatics     404
Speaker's Meaning     404
The Nature of Information     406
Wa vs. Ga     406
Interaction with Syntax and Morphology     409
Relevance of Contextual Information     412
Notes     415
Suggested Readings     416
Exercises     418
Language Variation     422
Dialectal Variation     422
Styles and Levels of Speech     428
Gender Differences     433
Notes     442
Suggested Readings     442
Exercises     443
Language Acquisition     444
Regularity in Language Acquisition     445
Phonological Unit - Mora     445
Lexicalization Pattern and Mimetics     448
Tense/Aspect Marking     453
Generalizations in Children's Errors     454
Inflectional Morphology     455
Case Particles     457
Prenominal Modification     459
Theoretical Approaches to Verb Acquisition     462
Pragmatic Acquisition     471
Suggested Readings     474
Exercises      475
Bibliography     477
Index     495

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"This newly-revised edition provides in-depth coverage of all areas of Japanese grammar, in an accessible style which will make it a valuable pedagogical and reference work for anyone interested in Japanese linguistics."
Peter Sells, University of York

“An impressive, judiciously revised 3rd edition with comprehensive coverage of the main areas within Japanese linguistics. Superbly suited as a textbook at both undergraduate and graduate level. Highly recommended.”
Bjarke Frellesvig, University of Oxford

“This book is an excellent invitation to Japanese Linguistics for anyone interested in the language. It covers a wide range of topics from phonetics to dialectal variation and presents a comprehensive picture of what the language is like. The insightful discussion in each chapter provides students of Japanese and linguistics with many good research topics to investigate further.”
Mamoru Saito, Nanzan University

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