Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America

Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America

by Eugene V. Gallagher, W. Michael Ashcraft

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Overview

Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America by Eugene V. Gallagher, W. Michael Ashcraft

Most new or alternative religious are gravely misunderstood by members of the religious mainstream. Labeled "cults" or "sects," groups and their members are often ridiculed or otherwise disregarded as weird and potentially dangerous by the populace at large. Despite their efforts at educating the general public, the various anti- and counter-cult activists have in fact promoted much more mis-understanding than accurate understanding of the religious lives of some of their fellow citizens. Consequently, they have helped to create a very hostile environment for anyone whose religious practices do not fit within a so-called "mainstream." This set rectifies the situation by presenting accurate, comprehensive, authoritative and accessible accounts of various new and alternative religious movements that have been and are active in American society, and it addresses ways of understanding new and alternative religions within a broader context.

Determining what actually constitutes a new or alternative religion is a subject of constant debate. Questions arise as to a new faith's legitimacy, beliefs, methods of conversion, and other facets of a religious movement's viability and place in a given culture. How a religion gains recognition by the mainstream, which often labels such new movements as cults, is fraught with difficulty, tension, and fear. Here, experts delineate the boundaries and examine the various groups, beliefs, movements, and other issues related to new faiths and alternative beliefs. Readers will come away with a fuller understanding of the religious landscape in America today. Volume 1: History and Controversies discusses the foundations of new and alternative religions in the United States and addresses the controversies that surround them. This volume helps readers better understand what makes a new or alternative belief system a religion and the issues involved. Volume 2: Jewish and Christian Traditions explores the various new religions that have grown out of these two Abrahamic faiths. Groups such as the Shakers, the People's Temple, the Branch Davidians, Jehovah's Witnesses and others are examined. Volume 3: Metaphysical, New Age, and Neopagan Movements looks at Shamanism, Spiritualism, Wicca, and Paganism, among other movements, as they have developed and grown in the U.S. These faiths have found new and devoted followers yet are often misunderstood. Volume 4: Asian Traditions focuses on those new and alternative religions that have been inspired by Asian religious traditions. From Baha'i to Soka Gakkai, from Adidam to the Vedanta Society, contributors look at a full range of groups practicing and worshiping in the U.S. today. Volume 5: African Diaspora Traditions and Other American Innovations examines the various traditions linked to the African diaspora such as Rastafarianism, Santeria, and the Nation of Islam, alongside traditions that are truly American incarnations like Scientology, UFO religions, and Heaven's Gate. Some of the new and alternative religions covered in these pages include:

  • Shamanism;
  • Wicca;
  • Black Israelites;
  • Santeria;
  • Scientology;
  • Elan Vital;
  • Hare Krishna;
  • Soka Gakkai;
  • and many more

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780275987176
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/28/2006

About the Author

EUGENE V. GALLAGHER is the Rosemary Park Professor of Religious Studies at Connecticut College. He is the author of Divine Man or Magician? Celsus and Origen on Jesus (1980), Expectation and Experience: Explaining Religious Conversion (1990), The New Religious Movements Experience in America (2004), and, with James D. Tabor, Why Waco? Cults and the Battle for Religious Freedom in America (1995) as well as articles on ancient Mediterranean religions and contemporary new religious movements.

W. MICHAEL ASHCRAFT is Associate Professor of Religion at Truman State University in Kirksville, Missouri. He is the author of The Dawn of the New Cycle: Point Loma Theosophists and American Culture (2002) and co-editor with Dereck Daschke of New Religious Movements: A Documentary Reader (2005).

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